El Paso is a city in and the county seat of El Paso County in the far western part of the U.S. state of Texas. It is the sixth-largest city in Texas, and the second-largest city in the Southwest. El Paso ranks 5th in the nation with the largest proportion of Hispanic population. Its metropolitan statistical area covers all of El Paso and Hudspeth counties in Texas. El Paso stands on the Rio Grande across the Mexico–United States border from Ciudad Juárez, the most-populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. It adjoins Las Cruces, in the neighbouring U.S. state of New Mexico and forms part of the larger El Paso-Las Cruces combined statistical area.
Together, these three cities form a combined international metropolitan area sometimes referred to as the Paso del Norte or the Borderplex. The region constitutes the largest bilingual and binational work force in the Western Hemisphere. The city is home to three publicly traded companies, Marathon Petroleum, the Medical Center of the Americas, and the University of Texas at El Paso, the city's primary university. El Paso has a strong federal and military presence. William Beaumont Army Medical Center, Biggs Army Airfield, and Fort Bliss are located in the area. Fort Bliss is one of the largest military complexes of the United States Army and the second largest training area in the United States. The fort is headquartered in El Paso and a large part of the training area is in New Mexico. Also headquartered in El Paso are the Drug Enforcement Administration domestic field division 7, El Paso Intelligence Center, Joint Task Force North, United States Border Patrol El Paso Sector, and U.S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group.
El Paso is a five-time All-America City Award winner, and Congressional Quarterly ranked it in the top-three safest large cities in the United States. El Paso has a diversified economy focused primarily within international trade, military, government civil service, oil and gas, health care, tourism, and service sectors. The city is a significant location for American-based call centres. Cotton, fruit, vegetables, and livestock are also produced in the area. El Paso has added a significant manufacturing sector with items and goods produced that include petroleum, metals, medical devices, plastics, machinery, defence-related goods, and automotive parts.
El Paso is home to one Fortune 500 company, Western Refining, which is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). The second publicly traded company is Helen of Troy Limited, a NASDAQ listed company that manufactures personal healthcare products under many labels, such as OXO, Dr. Scholl's, Vidal Sassoon, Pert Plus, Brut, and Sunbeam, and the third is El Paso Electric listed on the NYSE, a public utility engaging in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity in West Texas and southern New Mexico. The fourth publicly traded company is Western Refining Logistics, also traded in the NYSE. It is a Western Refining subsidiary, which owns, operates, develops, and acquires terminals, storage tanks, pipelines, and other logistics assets.
More than 70 Fortune 500 companies have offices in El Paso, including AT&T, ADP, Boeing, Charles Schwab, Delphi, Dish Network, Eureka, Hoover, Raytheon, Prudential Financial, USAA and Verizon Wireless. Hispanic Business Magazine included 28 El Paso companies in its list of the 500 largest Hispanic owned businesses in the United States. The list of the largest Hispanic owned businesses includes companies like Fred Loya Insurance, a Hispanic 500 company and the 18th largest Hispanic business in the nation. Other companies on the list are Dos Lunas Spirits, Dynatec Labs, Spira Footwear, Datamark, Inc. and El Taco Tote. El Paso was home to El Paso Corporation formerly known as El Paso Natural Gas Company.
The city also has a large military presence with Fort Bliss, William Beaumont Army Medical Center, and Biggs Army Airfield. The defence industry in El Paso employs over 41,000 and provides a $6 billion annual impact to the city's economy. Fort Bliss is the U.S. Air Force Security Forces Regional Training Center. In addition to the military, the federal government has a strong presence in El Paso to manage its status and unique issues as an important border region. Operations headquartered in El Paso include the DEA Domestic Field Division 7, El Paso Intelligence Center, Joint Task Force North, U.S. Border Patrol El Paso Sector, and U.S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group.
Call-center operations employ more than 10,000 people in the area. Automatic Data Processing has an office in West El Paso. Tourism is another major industry in El Paso, due to the city's sunny weather, natural beauty, rich cultural history, and many outdoor attractions. Education is also a driving force in El Paso's economy. El Paso's three large school districts are among the largest employers in the area, employing more than 20,000 people among them.
Among the largest employers in El Paso are: Fort Bliss, El Paso Independent School District, Socorro Independent School District, City of El Paso, T&T Staff Management, Ysleta Independent School District, The Hospitals of Providence, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso Community College, El Paso County, University Medical Center, DATAMARK Inc., Alorica, GC Services Lp, Las Palmas Del Sol Healthcare.
El Paso has a population of over 681,728 people. El Paso also forms part of the wider El Paso metropolitan area which has a population of over 840,758 people. El Paso is the #344 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 2.235 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores per 100,000 city residents.