Heidelberg s a university town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany. A quarter of its population are students. Located about 78 km (48 mi) south of Frankfurt, Heidelberg is the fifth-largest city in Baden-Württemberg. Heidelberg is part of the densely populated Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region.
Heidelberg University, founded in 1386, is Germany's oldest and one of Europe's most reputable universities. Heidelberg is a scientific hub in Germany and home to several internationally renowned research facilities adjacent to its university, including the European Molecular Biology Laboratory and four Max Planck Institutes. The city has also been a hub for the arts, especially literature, throughout the centuries, and it was designated a "City of Literature" by the UNESCO Creative Cities Network. Heidelberg was a seat of government of the former Electorate of the Palatinate and is a popular tourist destination due to its romantic cityscape, including Heidelberg Castle, the Philosophers' Walk, and the Baroque old town.
In 2004, 81.8% of people worked for service industries, including tourism. As a relic of the period of Romanticism, Heidelberg has been labelled a "Romantic town". This is used to attract more than 11.9 million visitors every year. Many events are organised to attract visitors. One of the biggest tourist attractions is the Christmas market during the winter time.
Only 18% of employment is provided by industry. Printing and publishing are important enterprises; nearby Walldorf is a centre of the IT industry and SAP World Headquarters. Noted pen manufacturer Lamy has its headquarters and factory in Heidelberg-Wieblingen. Heidelberger Druckmaschinen has its headquarters here; its factory is located in Walldorf. Soft-drink company Wild-Werke, manufacturer of the Capri-Sonne is located nearby in Eppelheim. Heidelberg is also home to the headquarters of HeidelbergCement, the world's second largest cement producer. The company has its roots in the suburb of Leimen where one of its cement plants is still located. With its long Hauptstrasse, Heidelberg is a shopping destination for people from the surrounding smaller towns.
Heidelberg was ranked #846 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Heidelberg has a population of over 160,601 people. Heidelberg also forms part of the wider Rhine-Neckar metropolitan area which has a population of over 2,400,000 people. Heidelberg is the #132 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 4.0955 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores per 100,000 city residents.