Rochester Hills, Michigan, United States

Communities | History | Geography | Demographics | Government | Education

🇺🇸 Rochester Hills is a city in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is the 14th-largest city in Michigan.

The area was first occupied by settlers of European descent in 1817, and organized as Avon Township in 1835. The City of Rochester incorporated in 1967, while the remaining area of Avon Township was incorporated and renamed the City of Rochester Hills in 1984. Considered a northern suburb of Metro Detroit, Rochester Hills is about 12 miles (19.3 km) north of Detroit.

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Communities • Stony Creek is a neighborhood on the north-east end of the city on the border with Rochester. • Yates is on the boundary with Rochester and Shelby Township, Oakland County (Elevation: 669 ft./204 m.).

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History Prior to European settlement, the area now known as Rochester Hills was inhabited by Native Americans, namely the Potawatomi. The Potawatomi depended on the area's abundant water sources, such as the Clinton River and Paint Creek, to grow crops, fish, and travel. They resided here until the 1807 Treaty of Detroit caused them, along with the Odawa, Wyandot, and Ojibwe peoples, to cede their land in Southeast Michigan.

The first European settler was James Graham who arrived in 1817. Graham and his family reached the area by following trails created by the Sauk Native Americans. Avon Township was organized in 1835. Rochester incorporated as a village within the township in 1869. The township adopted a charter in 1948 under the Home Rule Act. Also in 1948 a post office was established under the name of Brooklands for the area between Auburn Road and Hamlin Road just to the west of Dequindre Road.

In 1966, village residents voted to become the City of Rochester, effective in February 1967. As a result, Rochester residents no longer had to pay property taxes to the township, as it was now a separate municipality.

In 1967, Avon Township filed a petition to become a city. In January 1968, township voters approved the petition to move forward with seeking city status. Three proposed city charters were voted down by residents, the first in March 1969, the second in May 1970, and the third in September 1971. The city of Rochester then sought to annex all of the township, which was unanimously denied by the Michigan Boundary Commission. In 1972, petitions were filed to consolidate Avon Township and Rochester. In April 1974, the consolidation petition lost by 350 votes in the township, while passing by four votes in Rochester. In May 1974, Rochester's petition to annex 2.2 square miles (5.7 km²) of Avon Township was approved by the Michigan Boundary Commission, depriving Avon Township of its largest taxpayer. The township became Avon Charter Township in August 1978. Court challenges to the 1974 annexation continued until November 1981, when the township was ordered to surrender the annexed property. An impending annexation request from the City of Troy, due south, for 300 acres of south-east Avon Township brought the cityhood question to a crisis.

In May 1984, township voters approved a city charter. On November 20, 1984, Avon Township became the City of Rochester Hills. The name of the new city was put to a vote, with the other choice being "Avon Hills". The name "Rochester Hills" won by a landslide with voters, based on the area's historical ties to Rochester and the rolling hills in the area. Township Supervisor Earl E. Borden became the first mayor of Rochester Hills.

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Geography According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.91 square miles (85.24 km²), of which 32.82 square miles (85.00 km²) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km²) (0.27%) is water.

Rochester Hills is bordered to the north by Oakland Charter Township along Dutton Road, to the south by the city of Troy along South Boulevard, to the east by Shelby Township in Macomb County along Dequindre Road, and to the west by the city of Auburn Hills along part of Adams Road. Rochester Hills is also partially bordered by the city of Rochester to the east. Elevations in the city range from 690 feet (210 m) above sea level in the south-eastern portion of the city to 1,032 feet (315 m) in the north-western section.

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Demographics As of the 2020 census, there were 76,293 people, in 28,766 households, residing in the city. The population density was 2,359.9 inhabitants per square mile (911.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.6% White, 12.8% Asian, 3.7% African American, 2.9% from two or more races, and 0.1% Native American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.6% of the population. 19.8% of the population was foreign-born.

There were 28,766 households, and the median household income was $99,666. 4.2% of persons were living in poverty. 77.4% of residents lived in owner-occupied housing units.

Between 2000 and 2010, the Asian population in Rochester Hills increased to almost 10% of the community's population, a 61% increase from the 2000 figure. It grew to 12.8% in 2020.

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Government Rochester Hills has a mayor-council government. The Rochester Hills City Council consists of seven Council Members: four district members and three at-large members. They are elected to four-year terms and, due to term limiting, can serve no more than two terms for a maximum of eight years. However, there are no limits on how many times the mayor can run for re-election as a write-in candidate.

Rochester Hills does not have a police department, so the city's police services are provided by the Oakland County Sheriff's Office. The 52nd District Court Division Three is also located in Rochester Hills.

In the 2020 United States presidential election in Michigan, 23,173 (50.67%) votes went to Joseph Biden and 21,680 (47.4%) votes were cast for Donald Trump.

Federally, Rochester Hills is split between Michigan's 8th congressional district, represented by Democrat Elissa Slotkin, and Michigan's 11th congressional district, represented by Democrat Haley Stevens. However, as of 2023, Rochester Hills will be appended to the Macomb County-centered Michigan's 10th congressional district.

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Education Rochester Community Schools serve most of the city. Rochester Adams High School, Rochester High School, and Stoney Creek High School are in Rochester Hills. The city also hosts college and graduate-level programs in various disciplines at Oakland University and Rochester University.

Some portions of the city, however, are in the Avondale School District. Much of the ASD portion of Rochester Hills is zoned to Deerfield Elementary School, also within the city. Other portions are zoned to Auburn Elementary School in Auburn Hills and Woodland Elementary School in Troy. All ASD residents are zoned to Avondale Middle School in Rochester Hills and Avondale High School in Auburn Hills. The Meadows School, Avondale Academy, and the ASD transportation department are all in Rochester Hills.

City services include Rochester Hills Public Library. (The neighboring City of Rochester and Oakland Township contract with the City of Rochester Hills to permit their residents' use of the library.)

The Japanese School of Detroit, a supplementary school for Japanese citizens of school age, at one time had its administrative offices in the former Oakland Steiner School in Rochester Hills.

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Detroit, Michigan 
Detroit, Michigan
Image: Adobe Stock Wirestock #339540831

Rochester Hills has a population of over 76,300 people. Rochester Hills also forms one of the centres of the wider Oakland County which has a population of over 1,274,395 people. It is also a part of the larger Metro Detroit area.

To set up a UBI Lab for Rochester Hills see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Rochester Hills has links with:

🇩🇪 Bad Neustadt an der Saale, Germany
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Rochester Hills is: 96.85,-42.65

Locations Near: Rochester Hills -83.15,42.65

🇺🇸 Troy -83.133,42.567 d: 9.4  

🇺🇸 Pontiac -83.287,42.644 d: 11.2  

🇺🇸 Royal Oak -83.133,42.483 d: 18.6  

🇺🇸 Warren -83.033,42.5 d: 19.2  

🇺🇸 Southfield -83.233,42.467 d: 21.5  

🇺🇸 West Bloomfield -83.367,42.567 d: 20  

🇺🇸 Waterford -83.383,42.65 d: 19.1  

🇺🇸 Macomb -82.917,42.65 d: 19.1  

🇺🇸 Clinton Township -82.917,42.583 d: 20.5  

🇺🇸 Mount Clemens -82.867,42.583 d: 24.3  

Antipodal to: Rochester Hills 96.85,-42.65

🇦🇺 Bunbury 115.637,-33.327 d: 18076.2  

🇦🇺 Mandurah 115.721,-32.529 d: 18014.6  

🇦🇺 Rockingham 115.717,-32.267 d: 17996.2  

🇦🇺 City of Cockburn 115.833,-32.167 d: 17980.7  

🇦🇺 Vincent 115.834,-31.936 d: 17963.9  

🇦🇺 Perth 115.857,-31.953 d: 17963.5  

🇦🇺 Cannington 115.934,-32.017 d: 17962.6  

🇦🇺 Wanneroo 115.803,-31.747 d: 17952.3  

🇦🇺 Guildford 115.973,-31.9 d: 17951.4  

🇦🇺 Midland 116.01,-31.888 d: 17947.8  

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