Saguenay is a city in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec, Canada, and is situated on the Saguenay River. It was formed by merging the cities of Chicoutimi and Jonquière and the town of La Baie. Chicoutimi was founded by French colonists in 1676.
The city of Saguenay constitutes a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE). Together with the regional county municipality of Le Fjord-du-Saguenay, it forms the census division (CD) of Le Saguenay-et-son-Fjord. Prior to its use as the name of the city, the term "the Saguenay" or (less commonly) "Saguenay Valley" had already been used for the whole Saguenay River region (see Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean). Saguenay is the seat of the judicial district of Chicoutimi.
The city is divided into three boroughs: Chicoutimi (which includes the former city of Chicoutimi, as well as Laterrière and Tremblay township), Jonquière (which includes the former city of Jonquière, Lac-Kénogami, and Shipshaw) and La Baie (which corresponds to the former city of La Baie).
Saguenay's economy is increasingly based on developing research and teaching in applied technologies for energy, aluminium, boreal forest, genomics and biomedical sciences. Saguenay has three large industrial parks totalling 8,496,138 square metres of commercial facilities: five city centres and shopping centres, six shopping centres, power centres, and five major commercial arteries.
Saguenay, in the borough of La Baie, opened a pier in 2006 followed by the Bagotville wharf cruise terminal in 2009, in order to accommodate some of the larger cruise ships such as MS Eurodam and Queen Mary 2. So far 200 cruise ships have visited La Baie, including 54 ships and over 50,000 passengers in a typical year.
In addition, Rio Tinto Alcan confirmed in December 2010 investment of 750 million dollars to upgrade its pilot plant in Jonquière AP-60. The plant was estimated to be 40% more productive than the existing aluminium plant. The first phase included 38 tanks equipped with new technology, with an estimated production of 60,000 tons of aluminium per year. The first ingots were cast in the first quarter of 2013.
According to 2010 data from the Institute of Statistics of Québec (ISQ), the per capita personal income in 2009 amounted to $31,677 versus $31,344 in 2008, a variation of 1.1%. On the other hand, the GDP of the Saguenay CMA in 2009 totaled $6 billion compared to the $9.1 billion GDP of Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean.
Cobalt Aircraft operates a manufacturing plant in the city. On January 17, 2011, the company chose Saguenay for the assembly plant of the aircraft Co50, an advanced, high-end propeller plane.
Saguenay has a population of over 145,949 people. Saguenay is the #296 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 2.6551 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores per 100,000 city residents.
Sister cities include: Camrose, Alberta.