🇹🇷 Urfa, officially known as Şanlıurfa, is a city in south-eastern Turkey, and the capital of Şanlıurfa Province. Urfa has a Turkish, Kurdish and Arab population. Urfa is situated on a plain about 80 km east of the Euphrates River. Its climate features extremely hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters.
About 12 km (7 mi) north-east of the city is the famous Neolithic site of Göbekli Tepe, the world's oldest-known temple, which was founded in the 10th millennium BCE. The area was part of a network of the first human settlements where the agricultural revolution took place. Because of its association with Jewish, Christian, and Islamic history, and a legend according to which it was the hometown of Abraham, Urfa is nicknamed as the "City of Prophets".
Şanlıurfa is rated E by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. E cities are regional gateway cities. Şanlıurfa has a population of over 1,845,667 people. Şanlıurfa also forms the centre of the wider Şanlıurfa metropolitan area which has a population of over 2,031,425 people.