🇩🇪 Mannheim is the second-largest city in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, and Germany's 21st-largest city. Mannheim also forms part of the wider Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region. The Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region, often referred to as the Rhein-Neckar-Triangle is a polycentric metropolitan region located in south western Germany, between the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main region to the North and the Stuttgart Region to the South-East. The metropolitan region includes the major cities of Mannheim, Ludwigshafen and Heidelberg. Other cities within the area include the former Free imperial cities of Speyer and Worms.
Mannheim is unusual among German cities in that its streets and avenues are laid out in a grid pattern, leading to its nickname Quadratestadt (Square City). Within a ring of avenues surrounding the city centre, there are squares numbered from A1 to U6 instead of street names. At the southern base of that system sits Mannheim Palace, one of the largest palace complexes in the world, and the second-largest in Baroque style after Versailles. It was the former home of the Prince-elector of the Electoral Palatinate, and now houses the University of Mannheim. The civic symbol of Mannheim is the Romanesque Mannheim Water Tower, completed in 1886 and rising to 60 metres (200 feet) above the highest point of the art nouveau area Friedrichsplatz. Mannheim is the starting and finishing point of the Bertha Benz Memorial Route.
The city is home to major corporations including Daimler, John Deere, Caterpillar, ABB, Fuchs Petrolub, IBM, Roche, Reckitt Benckiser, Unilever, Phoenix Group, Pepperl+Fuchs, Siemens, and several other well-known companies. Mannheim's SAP Arena is home to German ice hockey record champions Adler Mannheim as well as well-known handball team Rhein-Neckar Löwen. Since 2014, Mannheim has been a member of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network and holds the title of "UNESCO City of Music". Mannheim is a smart city; the city's electrical grid is installed with a power-line communication network. The city's tourism slogan is "Leben. Im Quadrat" ("Life. In the Square")
With a gross domestic product (GDP) of €20.921 billion, Mannheim ranks 17th on the list of German cities by GDP.
Mannheim is among the most attractive business locations in Germany thanks to its competitive business environment and growth opportunities and is considered the economic centre of the Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region, which is one of Germany's most important business locations.
The New Economy Magazine elected Mannheim under the 20 cities that best represent the world of tomorrow emphasising Mannheim's positive economic and innovative environment.
The successor to the Karl Benz automobile manufacturing companies begun in Mannheim, Daimler AG, has had a large presence in Mannheim. Today, diesel engines and buses are assembled there. The Swiss Hoffmann–La Roche Diagnostic group (formerly known as Boehringer Mannheim) has its division headquarters in Mannheim. Additionally, the city also hosts large factories and offices of ABB, Alstom, BASF (Ludwigshafen), Bilfinger Berger, Bombardier, Fuchs Petrolub AG, John Deere, Siemens, SCA, Südzucker, and other companies. University Hospital Mannheim provides health care to the inhabitants of Mannheim and the metropolitan region Rhine-Neckar.
The Mannheim/Ludwigshafen area is surrounded by a ring of motorways connecting it to Frankfurt in the north, Karlsruhe in the south, Saarbrücken in the west and Nuremberg in the east.
Mannheim Hauptbahnhof (central station) is at the end of the Mannheim-Stuttgart high-speed rail line and is the most important railway junction in the south-west of Germany, served by ICE high-speed train system with connections to Frankfurt am Main–Berlin, Karlsruhe–Basel, and Stuttgart–Munich. A new high speed line to Frankfurt also is planned to relieve the existing Mannheim–Frankfurt railway.
Frankfurt International Airport is located 65 km (40 mi) to the north.
Mannheim is rated Sufficiency by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Sufficiency level cities are cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be overly dependent on world cities.
Mannheim has a population of over 305,000 people. Mannheim also forms part of the wider Rhine-Neckar metropolitan area which has a population of over 2,400,000 people. Mannheim is the #285 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 2.7891 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores. Mannheim is ranked #130 for startups with a score of 4.511.
Twin Towns – Sister Cities Mannheim is twinned with: 🇵🇱 Bydgoszcz, Poland; 🇩🇪 Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, Germany; 🇲🇩 Chișinău, Moldova; 🇮🇱 Haifa, Israel; 🇱🇹 Klaipėda, Lithuania; 🇨🇳 Qingdao, China; 🇩🇪 Riesa, Germany; 🏴 Swansea, Wales, UK; 🇫🇷 Toulon, France; 🇨🇦 Windsor, Canada; 🇨🇳 Zhenjiang, China.