Kazan, Tatarstan Republic, Volga Federal district, Russia

Economy | Investments

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Kazan (ะšะฐะทะฐะฝ), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia. The city lies at the confluence of the Volga and the Kazanka rivers. Kazan is the most populous city on the Volga, as well as the Volga Federal District.

In 1438, Kazan became the capital of the Khanate of Kazan. In 1552, Kazan was captured by Ivan the Terrible and became a part of Russia. The city was seized and largely destroyed during Pugachev's Rebellion of 1773โ€“1775, but was later rebuilt during the reign of Catherine the Great. In the following centuries, Kazan grew to become a major industrial, cultural and religious centre of Russia. In 1920, after the Russian SFSR became a part of the Soviet Union, Kazan became the capital of the Tatar ASSR. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Kazan stayed as the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan.

Kazan is renowned for its vibrant mix of Tatar and Russian cultures. In 2015, 2.1 million tourists visited Kazan, and 1.5 million tourists visited the Kazan Kremlin, a World Heritage Site. In April 2009, the Russian Patent Office granted Kazan the right to brand itself as the "Third Capital of Russia". In 2009 it was chosen as the "Sports capital of Russia", and it still is referred to as such. Kazan hosted the 2013 Summer Universiade, and was one of the host cities of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

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Economy Kazan is one of the largest industrial and financial centres of Russia, and a leading city of the Volga economic region in construction and accumulated investment. The city's gross regional product was 380 billion rubles in 2011.

Total banking capital of Kazan banks is third in Russia. The main industries of the city are: mechanical engineering, chemical, petrochemical, light and food industries. An innovative economy is represented by the largest IT-park in Russia which is one of the largest of its kind among Eastern European science parks. Kazan ranks 174th (highest in Russia) in Mercer's Worldwide Quality of Living Survey.

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Investments In 2011, city organisations and businesses attracted more than 87 billion rubles for economy and social sphere development. This was 44% more than in 2010. In 2014, businesses attracted 86 billion rubles. Most of them have been implemented in the real economy sector.

Because of the unstable economic situation within the country, there was a decrease of investment rates in 2015 andโ€”according to the statistics of the first part of the yearโ€”it composed 51684.2 million rubles.

There are head offices of six companies that are in the top 500 in terms of revenues in Russia. The total area of city business centres is 330 thousand square metres.

Innovative economy in Kazan is represented by the biggest IT-park in Russia and also the biggest technical park in Europe. The only online platform for governmental trade except the Moscow one is operated in Kazan. During the post-Soviet period Kazan was the leader in terms of house construction in the Volga region, and now it holds the position and implements the Republican program of liquidation of dilapidated housing which was unique for Russia.

According to Forbes, Kazan was ranked 15th among the "Best cities for business in Russia" of 2010. In 2012, Kazan ranked 6th in the quality of city environment rating, which was made by the Russian Federation Ministry of Regional Development, Russian Alliance of Engineers, Federal Construction Agency, Federal Service of Supervision of Consumer Protection and Welfare and Moscow Federal University.

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Kazan, Tatarstan Republic, Volga Federal district, Russia 
<b>Kazan, Tatarstan Republic, Volga Federal district, Russia</b>
Image: Photo by Evgeny Klimov on Unsplash

Kazan is rated Sufficiency by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Sufficiency level cities are cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be overly dependent on world cities.

Kazan is rated D by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. D cities are regional hub cities. Kazan was ranked #876 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Kazan has a population of over 1,280,000 people. Kazan also forms the centre of the wider Tatarstan Republic which has a population of over 3,894,284 people. Kazan is ranked #428 for startups with a score of 0.484.

To set up a UBI Lab for Kazan see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Kazan is a member of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network for Music see: https://en.unesco.org/creative-cities

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Kazan has links with:

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ Al Qalyubiyah, Egypt ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Almaty, Kazakhstan ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Ankara, Turkey ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Antalya, Turkey ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฒ Arkadag, Turkmenistan ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Arkhangelsk, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Astana, Kazakhstan ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Astrakhan, Russia ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท BaฤŸcฤฑlar, Turkey ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Baku, Azerbaijan ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Braunschweig, Germany ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Chelyabinsk, Russia ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Chengdu, China ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ College Station, USA ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Donetsk, Ukraine, until 2022 ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Esenyurt, Turkey ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท EskiลŸehir, Turkey ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Eskishehir, Turkey ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Grozny, Russia ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Guangzhou, China ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Gwangju, South Korea ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Hangzhou, China ๐Ÿ‡ฟ๐Ÿ‡ผ Harare, Zimbabwe ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Istanbul, Turkey ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Ivanovo, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Jลซrmala, Latvia ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ซ Kabul, Afghanistan ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Krasnoyarsk, Russia ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Lijiang, China ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Nansha District, China ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Nizhny Novgorod, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Orenburg, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Oryol, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Samara, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Saratov, Russia ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Shenzhen, China ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Shumen, Bulgaria ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท Tabriz, Iran ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Tashkent, Uzbekistan ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Tlemcen, Algeria ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Tyumen, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Ufa, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ณ Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Ulan-Ude, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Ulyanovsk, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Urbino, Italy ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Verona, Italy ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Volgograd, Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Yaroslavl, Russia ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Yevpatoria, Ukraine, until 2022 ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Yoshkar-Ola, Russia

Kazan is a member of the OWHC: Organization of World Heritage Cities with: ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Acre ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ช Agadez ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Ahmedabad ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Aktau ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Alcalรก de Henares ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ Aleppo ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Algiers ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Amber ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Amer ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Amsterdam ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Andong ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Angra do Heroรญsmo ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Anuradhapura ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Aranjuez ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Arequipa ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Augsburg ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Avila ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Baeza ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท Bam ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Bamberg ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Banskรก ล tiavnica ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Bardejov ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Bath ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Bath ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Beemster ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Belo Horizonte ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Bergama ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Bergen ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Bergen ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Berlin ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Berlin ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Berlin ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Bern ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Bernau bei Berlin ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต Bhaktapur ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Biertan ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Boeun ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Bolgar ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Bordeaux ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Brasรญlia ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ง Bridgetown ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Bruges ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Brussels ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Budapest ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Bursa ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Buyeo ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Cรกceres ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ฌ Cairo ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ Camaguey ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Campeche ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Carcassonne ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด Cartagena ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Cartagena ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ ฤŒeskรฝ Krumlov ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Chengde ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ป Cidade Velha ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Coimbra ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พ Colonia del Sacramento ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Cรณrdoba ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ท Cรณrdoba ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Cรณrdoba ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ช Coro ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Cuenca ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ Cuenca ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Cuernavaca ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Cusco ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ณ Dakar ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡พ Damascus ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Denpasar ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Derbent ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Dessau ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Diamantina ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Diyarbakฤฑr ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Dubrovnik ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Dujiangyan ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Edinburgh ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Ejmiatsin ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Elvas ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ถ Erbil ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Essaouira ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น ร‰vora ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Fez ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Fontainebleau ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡พ Fray Bentos ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Galle ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡พ George Town ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ George Town ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡พ Ghadames ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Ghardaรฏa ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Gianyar ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Gochang County ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Gongju ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Goris City ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Granada ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Granada ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Grand-Bassam ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Graz ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Guadalajara ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Guadalajara ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Guanajuato ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Guimarรฃes ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Gwangju ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Gyeongju ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Haenam ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Hamburg ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Hapcheon County ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡น Harar Jugol ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ Havana ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ Hoi An ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ Huแบฟ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Hwasun County ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Ibiza ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Icherisheher ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Iksan ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Istanbul ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Jeddah ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Jerusalem ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Jerusalem ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Jongno-Gu ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ Kairouan ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Kandy ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Karangasem ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Karlskrona ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต Kathmandu ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Khiva ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Kolding ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Konya ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ช Kotor ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Krakรณw ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Kutnรก Hora ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Kyลto ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ต Lalitpur ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ช Lamu ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Le Havre ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฏ Levuka ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Lijiang ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Lima ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Luang Prabang ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Lรผbeck ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Lunenburg ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡บ Luxembourg City ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Lviv ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Lyon ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ด Macau ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Malacca City ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Marrakesh ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Meknes ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ช Mรฉrida ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Mรฉrida ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Mรฉrida ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Mexico City ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ Miagao ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Modena ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ช Mombasa ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Mont-Saint-Michel ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Morelia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Moscow ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Moscow ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Mostar ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Mozambique ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ญ Muharraq ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Nancy ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Nara ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Naumburg ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฌ Nessebar ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Notodden ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Oaxaca ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฐ Ohrid ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Olinda ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Ouro Preto ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Oviedo ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Oviedo ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Padula ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Palazzolo Acreide ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฆ Panama City ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Paris ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Paris ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Paris ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Patmos ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Philadelphia ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Porto ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ด Potosรญ ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Potsdam ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Potsdam ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Prague ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Provins ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Puebla ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Pyay ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Quรฉbec ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Quedlinburg ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Querรฉtaro ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡จ Quito ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Rabat ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ฎ Rauma ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Regensburg ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ท Rhodes ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ป Riga ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Rรญmac ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Rio de Janeiro ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Rotterdam ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Rรธros ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Safranbolu ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Saint Petersburg ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Saint-Louis ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Salamanca ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Salvador ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Salzburg ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ San Antonio ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ San Antonio ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡จ San Cristรณbal de La Laguna ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น San Gimignano ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ San Miguel de Allende ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ San Pablo Villa de Mitla ๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช Sanaa ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด Santa Cruz de Mompox ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Santiago de Compostela ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Sรฃo Luรญs ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Segovia ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท Selรงuk ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Seongbuk ๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช Shibam ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด Sighiศ™oara ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Singapore ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Sintra ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ Sousse ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Split ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฒ St George's ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Stockholm ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Stralsund ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Strasbourg ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ด Sucre ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Surakarta ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Suwon ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Suzdal ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Suzhou ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ช Tallinn ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Tarragona ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Tel Aviv ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Telฤ ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง Telford ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Tรฉtouan ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Timbuktu ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Tinn ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Tlacotalpan ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Toledo ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Toledo ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ Toledo ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Toledo ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Toruล„ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Tล™ebรญฤ ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ Trinidad ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Trogir ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ณ Trujillo ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ช Trujillo ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ณ Tunis ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Turkistan ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ รšbeda ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡น Valletta ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Valparaรญso ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆ Vatican City ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Veliky Novgorod ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Vienna ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Vienna ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Vienna ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ญ Vigan ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡น Vilnius ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ด Vinje ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Visby ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Warsaw ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Warsaw ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ผ Willemstad ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Wismar ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Xochimilco ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Yangsan ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Yaroslavl ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท Yazd ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Yeongju ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Yerevan ๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ช Zabid ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Zacatecas ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Zamoล›ฤ‡ ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ฟ Zanzibar City

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UNESCO Creative Cities for Music include: ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Adelaide ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Almaty ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Amarante ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ Ambon ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Auckland ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ฆ Banja Luka ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Benares ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ผ Bissau ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด Bogotรก ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Bologna ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Bolzano ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Brazzaville ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Brno ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Bydgoszcz ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ช Caracas ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Chennai ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ณ Da Lat ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Essaouira ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Frutillar ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ช Ghent ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ Glasgow ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Gwalior ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต Hamamatsu ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Hannover ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡บ Havana ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Idanha-a-Nova ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ Ipoh ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Kansas City ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ Katowice ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Kazan ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ฒ Kingston ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท KฤฑrลŸehir ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Leiria ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ Liverpool ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Lliria ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Mannheim ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Metz ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Mexicali ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Montreux ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡ฝ Morelia ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ช Norrkรถping ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Pesaro ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡น Port of Spain ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ป Praia ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ธ Ramallah ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Salvador ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ท Sanandaj ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ท ลžanlฤฑurfa ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ด Santo Domingo ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Seville ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ Suphan Buri ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท Tongyeong ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Toulouse ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ด Valledupar ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Valparaรญso ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ Varanasi ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡ท Varaลพdin ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Veliky Novgorod ๐Ÿ‡ญ๐Ÿ‡บ Veszprรฉm ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ธ Vranje

Antipodal to Kazan is: -130.888,-55.796

Locations Near: Kazan 49.1119,55.7962

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Zelenodolsk 48.517,55.85 d: 37.6  

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Yoshkar-Ola 47.898,56.631 d: 119.4  

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Novocheboksarsk 47.493,56.122 d: 107.1  

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Ulyanovsk 48.367,54.317 d: 171.2  

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Cheboksary 47.247,56.144 d: 122.3  

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Tolyatti 49.421,53.509 d: 255.1  

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Nizhnekamsk 51.817,55.633 d: 170.4  

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Syzran 48.479,53.158 d: 296.2  

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Samara 50.19,53.201 d: 296.9  

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ Novokuybyshevsk 49.941,53.094 d: 305.2  

Antipodal to: Kazan -130.888,-55.796

๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ซ Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 15478.3  

๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ด Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 14713.5  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡ธ Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 14288  

๐Ÿ‡ผ๐Ÿ‡ธ Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 14191.2  

๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Port Montt -72.933,-41.467 d: 15618.2  

๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Puerto Montt -72.933,-41.467 d: 15618.2  

๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Coyhaique -72.067,-45.567 d: 15855.2  

๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Osorno -73.133,-40.567 d: 15563.8  

๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Valdivia -73.233,-39.8 d: 15512.3  

๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Punta Arenas -70.91,-53.162 d: 16251.6  

Bing Map

Option 1