Ranchi iis the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand. The Jharkhand state was formed on in 2000 by carving out the Bihar divisions of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas. Ranchi has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.
During the time of British, the city was the summer capital of Bihar. This is because of its climate during winter season. Ranchi is also one of the oldest cities in Jharkhand. Jagannath Temple and Ratu Palace are key tourist attractions. Ranchi is also called the city of waterfalls.
Ranchi is developing its economy and investing in its its parks, special economic zones and industrial areas. New sectors and modern areas are being opened up for the city's development including a Science City.
Ranchi has a population of over 1,126,741 people. Ranchi also forms part of the wider Ranchi metropolitan area which has a population of over 1,439,000 people.
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