Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta, is the capital of Indonesia. It lies on the north-west coast of Java. Jakarta is the centre of the economy, culture and politics of Indonesia. It has province level status. Its metropolitan area is the world's second-most populous urban area. Jakarta's business opportunities, and its ability to offer a potentially higher standard of living than is available in other parts of the country, have attracted migrants from across the Indonesian archipelago, making it a melting pot of numerous cultures. Jakarta's nickname is "the Big Durian", after the thorny, strong-smelling fruit of that name that is native to the region.
Jakarta is rated Alpha by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Alpha level cities are linked to major economic states and regions and into the world economy.
Jakarta is the #45 city in the world according to the Global Power City Index (GPCI) which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to their magnetism, or their comprehensive power to attract people, capital, and enterprises from around the world. It does so through measuring six key functions: Economy, Research and Development, Cultural Interaction, Liveability, Environment, and Accessibility.
Jakarta is the #81 city in the world according to the Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI) which evaluates and ranks the competitiveness of the major financial centres of the world according to a wide range of criteria – Human Capital, Business, Finance, Infrastructure and Reputation.
Jakarta has a population of over 10,075,310 people. Jakarta also forms part of the Greater Jakarta metropolitan area which has a population of over 35,934,000 people.
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