Kleinmachnow, Brandenburg, Germany

🇩🇪 Kleinmachnow is a municipality in the Potsdam-Mittelmark district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated South-West of the borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf and East of Potsdam.

First mentioned in the Landbuch of Karl IV in 1375, the place played an important role at the Bäke beek / creek crossing, secured by multiple medieval castles. The last of these castles (none of which are preserved today) belonged to the Knights of Hake, a family who shaped the local history until the 20th century. The replacement of the Bäke (beek / creek) with the Teltow Canal in 1906 brought the village the now listed historic Kleinmachnow flood-gate. In the first half of the 20th century, Kleinmachnow grew from a rural village to a suburb municipality of the Berlin Metropolitan Area. The construction of the Berlin Wall cut Kleinmachnow off from West Berlin. The community's location near the border meant it was relatively isolated in the GDR. Since the German reunification, Kleinmachnow has been part of the growth of the countryside areas outside of Berlin.

It is situated 19 km (12 mi) South-West of the centre of Berlin, immediately neighbouring the borough of Steglitz-Zehlendorf, and 12 km (7.5 mi) east of Potsdam. The municipality encompasses the settlement of Dreilinden.

Kleinmachnow arose at the former Bäke creek, today replaced by the Teltow Canal built in 1906. Parvo Machenow was first mentioned in the 1375 land registry (Landbuch) of Emperor Charles IV, then also Brandenburg Elector. In medieval times the ford was controlled by a castle, recently held by the Hake noble family. Together with the canal the Kleinmachnow lock was erected, soon becoming a landmark.

From the early 20th century the former village developed to an affluent suburb of Berlin. In 1937 Wilhelm Ohnesorge, minister of the Reichspost, acquired the Hakeburg mansion as his residence and established a large research facility of communications-electronics here.

Kleinmachnow, Brandenburg, Germany 
<b>Kleinmachnow, Brandenburg, Germany</b>
Image: A.Savin

Kleinmachnow has a population of over 20,406 people. Kleinmachnow also forms part of the wider Potsdam-Mittelmark district which has a population of over 217,954 people. Kleinmachnow is situated 14 km east of Potsdam.

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Kleinmachnow has links with: 🇩🇪 Schopfheim, Germany; 🇰🇭 Battambang, Cambodia; 🇨🇿 Klatovy, Czech Republic.

Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

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