Hampton is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. Hampton also forms part of the wider Virginia Beach–Norfolk–Newport News (Hampton Roads) metropolitan area. This area, known as "America's First Region", also includes the independent cities of Chesapeake, Virginia Beach, Newport News, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Suffolk, as well as other smaller cities, counties, and towns of Hampton Roads.
Hampton traces its history to the city's Old Point Comfort, the home of Fort Monroe for almost 400 years, which was named by the 1607 voyagers, led by Captain Christopher Newport, who first established Jamestown as an English colonial settlement. Since consolidation in 1952, Hampton has included the former Elizabeth City County and the incorporated town of Phoebus, consolidated by a mutual agreement.
After the end of the American Civil War, historic Hampton University was established opposite from the town on the Hampton River, providing an education for many newly freed former slaves and for area Native Americans. In the 20th century, the area became the location of Langley Air Force Base, NASA Langley Research Center, and the Virginia Air and Space Center. Hampton features many miles of waterfront and beaches.
The city features a wide array of business and industrial enterprises, retail and residential areas, historical sites, and other points of interest, such a NASCAR short track, the oldest Anglican parish in the Americas (1610), and Fort Monroe, a moated, six-sided, historical bastion fort.
Hampton has a population of over 134,510 people. Hampton also forms part of the wider Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News metropolitan area which has a population of over 1,729,114 people.
Hampton has four sister cities: Southampton, England, United Kingdom • Vendôme, Loir-et-Cher, France • Pietermaritzburg, South Africa • Anyang, Gyeonggi, South Korea.