Surat is a city in the western Indian state of Gujarat. Located at the mouth of the Tapti River, it is the commercial and economic centre of South Gujarat, and one of the largest urban areas of western India. It has well-established diamond and textile industries, and is a shopping centre for apparels and accessories. It is the second largest city in Gujarat and the administrative capital of the Surat district.
Surat will be the world's fastest growing city from 2019 to 2035, according to a study conducted by Economic Times. The city registered an annualised GDP growth rate of 11.5% over the seven fiscal years between 2001 and 2008. Surat was awarded "best city" by the Annual Survey of India's City-Systems (ASICS) in 2013. Surat is selected as the first smart IT city in India which is being constituted by the Microsoft CityNext Initiative tied up with IT services majors Tata Consultancy Services and Wipro. Surat has been selected as one of twenty Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.
Surat is famous for its diamond cutting and polishing, is known as the Diamond City of India. The city has various engineering plants like Essar, Larsen and Toubro and RIL. Surat won the Netexplo Smart Cities Award 2019 with UNESCO in the resilience category.
Surat was ranked #786 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Surat has a population of over 4,462,002 people. Surat also forms part of the wider Surat metropolitan area which has a population of over 7,185,000 people.