🇧🇾 Brest, formerly Brest-Litovsk, Brest-on-the-Bug, is a city in Belarus at the border with Poland opposite the Polish city of Terespol, where the Bug and Mukhavets rivers meet. It is the capital city of the Brest Region.
Brest is a historical site for many cultures, as it hosted important historical events, such as the Union of Brest and Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Furthermore, the Brest Fortress was recognised by the Soviet Union as a Hero Fortress in honour of its defence in June 1941.
From late middle ages to 1795, the city was of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which later became a part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569. In 1795, it was occupied by the Russian Empire with the Partitions. After World War I, the city was conquered by the Second Polish Republic. In 1939, during the Invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, the city was first captured by the Wehrmacht and soon passed on to the USSR per the German–Soviet Frontier Treaty. In 1941, it was retaken by the Germans during Operation Barbarossa. The city was in the Belarusian SSR until the breakup of the USSR in 1991. Since then, Brest is part of Belarus.
Brest is home to two Universities: A.S. Pushkin Brest State University and Brest State Technical University.
Being situated on the main railway line connecting Berlin and Moscow, and a transcontinental highway (the European route E30), Brest became a principal border crossing after World War II in Soviet times. Today it links the European Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States.
The city of Brest is served by Brest-Tsentralny railway station. Because of the break-of-gauge at Brest, where the Russian broad gauge meets the European standard gauge, all passenger trains, coming from Poland, must have their bogies replaced here, to travel on across Belarus. The freight must be transloaded from cars of one gauge to cars of another.
The local airport, Brest Airport (code BQT), operates flights on a seasonal schedule to Kaliningrad in the Russian Federation and seasonal charter flights to Burgas and Antalya.
Brest has a population of over 350,600 people. Brest also forms the centre of the wider Brest Region which has a population of over 1,380,391 people.
Twin Towns, Sister Cities Brest has links with: 🇷🇺 Astrakhan, Russia; 🇷🇺 Dorogomilovo District, (Moscow), Russia; 🇷🇺 Izhevsk, Russia; 🇷🇺 Kaliningrad, Russia; 🇷🇺 Kovrov, Russia; 🇷🇺 Malgobek, Russia; 🇷🇺 Nevsky District, (Saint Petersburg), Russia; 🇷🇺 Nizhny Tagil, Russia; 🇷🇺 Novorossiysk, Russia; 🇷🇺 Oryol, Russia; 🇷🇺 Petrozavodsk, Russia; 🇷🇺 Ryazan, Russia; 🇷🇺 Tyumen, Russia; 🇺🇦 Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine; 🇺🇦 Lutsk, Ukraine; 🇺🇦 Odessa, Ukraine; 🇵🇱 Biała Podlaska, Poland; 🇵🇱 Lublin, Poland; 🇵🇱 Siedlce, Poland; 🇵🇱 Terespol, Poland; 🇩🇪 Baienfurt, Germany; 🇩🇪 Baindt, Germany; 🇩🇪 Berg, Germany; 🇩🇪 Ravensburg, Germany; 🇩🇪 Weingarten, Germany; 🇨🇳 Baiyin, China; 🇨🇳 Xiaogan, China; 🇬🇪 Batumi, Georgia; 🇦🇿 Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan; 🇳🇱 Coevorden, Netherlands; 🇫🇷 Port-sur-Saône, France; 🇷🇸 Subotica, Serbia. 🇮🇱 Ashdod, Israel; 🇷🇴 Botoșani, Romania; 🇫🇷 Brest, France; 🇱🇻 Ludza, Latvia; 🏴 Maldon, England; 🇧🇬 Pleven, Bulgaria.