Białystok, Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland

Culture and tourism | Performing arts | Museums

🇵🇱 Białystok is the largest city in north-eastern Poland and the capital of the Podlaskie Voivodeship. It is the tenth-largest city in Poland, second in terms of population density, and thirteenth in area.

Białystok is located in the Białystok Uplands of the Podlachian Plain on the banks of the Biała River, 197 km (122 mi) by road north-east of Warsaw. It has historically attracted migrants from elsewhere in Poland and beyond, particularly from Central and Eastern Europe. This is facilitated by the nearby border with Belarus also being the eastern border of the European Union, as well as the Schengen Area. The city and its adjacent municipalities constitute Metropolitan Białystok. The city has a warm summer continental climate, characterized by warm summers and long frosty winters. Forests are an important part of Białystok's character and occupy around 1,846 ha (4,560 acres) (18% of the administrative area of the city) which places it as the fifth-most forested city in Poland.

The first settlers arrived in the 14th century. A town grew up and received its municipal charter in 1692. Białystok has traditionally been one of the leading centres of academic, cultural, and artistic life in Podlachia and the most important economic centre in north-eastern Poland. Białystok was once an important centre for light industry, which was the reason for the substantial growth of the city's population. The city continues to reshape itself into a modern middle-sized city. Białystok, in 2010, was on the short-list, but ultimately lost the competition, to become a finalist for European Capital of Culture in 2016.

Economy In the nineteenth century, Białystok was an important centre for light industry, which was the reason for the substantial growth of the city's population. The tradition continued with many garment factories established in the twentieth century, such as Fasty in the district of Bacieczki. However, after the fall of communism in 1989 many of these factories faced severe problems and subsequently closed down.

The unemployment rate for November 2020 in Białystok was 6.8%. The 2009 average household had a monthly per capita income of 1018.77 zł and monthly per capita expenses of 823.56 zł

The city has a number of nearby border crossings. The border with Belarus is only 50 km (31 mi) away, the nearest border crossings are located in; Bobrowniki (road crossing located about 50 km (31 mi) from the city limits), Kuźnica Białostocka (road and rail crossing located 60 km (37 mi) from the city limits), Siemianówka (railway – freight traffic), Połowce (road) and Czeremcha (railway). Since the border with Belarus is also the eastern border of the European Union, as well as the Schengen Area the city is a centre for trade in mainly from the east.

The leading industries in the city's economy are food processing (production of meat products, fruit and vegetable products, the production of spirits, the production of frozen food, grain processing), electrical engineering (production tools and equipment for machine tools, production of electric heaters, manufacture and production mixers household appliances). There is also a developed machine industry (electronics, machinery and metal), plastic processing (production of household appliances), textiles (textiles and upholstery, manufacture of underwear, clothing accessories, footwear and backpacks), Wood (production plywood and furniture) building materials.

Some major employers who are based in Białystok include: • Dojlidy Brewery in the district of Dojlidy produces the second most popular beer in Poland, Żubr. • Polmos Białystok, the biggest vodka manufacturer in Poland, is located in the city district of Starosielce. The company produces Absolwent and Żubrówka (bison grass vodka) – both major exports abroad. • Standard Motor Products Poland Ltd. headquartered in Białystok began manufacturing ignition coils for original equipment manufacturers 30 years ago. • "Supon" Białystok is the leading Polish producer of fire fighting equipment. • SavaPol, Sp.z o.o. is a manufacturer of stationary and mobile concrete mixing equipment based in Białystok. • Biazet S.A. is a large manufacture of household appliances, including vacuum cleaners, coffee makers, and LED lighting located in Białystok. • Agnella, a major Polish producer of carpets and similar products is in Białystok, located in the district of Białostoczek. • Rosti Poland Sp. z o.o., has provided for more than 60 years precision injection molded products for some of the world's leading brands. • Biaglass Huta Szkla Białystok Sp. z o.o., established in 1929, produces mouth blown glass lampshades and related products. Biaglass belongs to elite group of Glass Works in Europe, where 100% of the lighting glass is mouth-blown. • Chłodnia Białystok S.A (Cold Store Białystok S.A.), established in 1952, is one of the largest Polish producers of frozen vegetables, fruits and ready-to-heat meals. • Podlaskie Zakłady Zbożowe S.A. was established on 1 July 2000 as a result of privatizing The Regional Establishment of Corn and Milling Industry 'PZZ' in Białystok. It is one of the leading firms in Podlaskie region in the department of preservation and processing of grain with elevators in Białystok, Grajewo and Suwałki.


Culture and tourism Białystok is one of the largest cultural centres in the Podlaskie Voivodeship. The attractions include performing arts groups, art museums, historical museums, walking tours of architectural/cultural aspects and a wide variety of parks and green spaces. Białystok in 2010 was on the short-list, but ultimately lost the competition, to become a finalist for European Capital of Culture in 2016.


Performing arts The city has a number of performing arts facilities including: The Białystok Puppet Theatre (Polish: Bialostocki Teatr Lalek), established in 1953, is one of the oldest Polish puppet theaters. The facility is located at Kalinowskiego 1 in Białystok. The repertoire includes performances for both children and puppet adaptations of world literature for adults. Because of the high artistic level of productions, the theater has been recognised as one of the best puppetry arts centres in Poland. The Aleksandra Węgierki Drama Theatre, housed in a building designed by Jarosław Girina, was built in the years 1933–1938. The Podlasie Opera and Philharmonic – European Art Centre in Białystok is the largest institute of arts in Northeastern Poland and the most modern cultural centre in this region of Europe. In its amphitheatre every year at the end of June Halfway Festival takes place.


Museums There are a number of museums in the city including: The Historical Museum in Białystok (Polish: Muzeum Historyczne w Białymstoku) is part of the Podlaskie Museum. The facility has a rich collection of archival materials and iconography illustrating the history of Białystok and Podlasie, and a number of middle-class cultural relics, especially in the field of craft utility. There are also the Numismatic Cabinet of the collection of 16 000 coins, medals and securities. The museum is in possession of the only collections in the country memorabilia connected with the Tatar settlement on the Polish–Lithuanian–Belarusian region.

The Army Museum in Białystok (Polish: Muzeum Wojska w Białymstoku) was established in September 1968 as a branch of the Podlaskie Museum to house the research and collections of many people connected with the military history of north-eastern Poland. The Ludwik Zamenhof Centre (Polish: Centrum im. Ludwika Zamenhofa w Białymstoku) has a permanent exhibition, "Bialystok of Young Ludwik Zamenhof", and various temporary exhibitions, concerts, film projections, and theatre performances. The Centre has a branch of Lukasz Gornicki's Podlaska Library dedicated to the Esperanto language.

The Sybir Memorial Museum (Polish: Muzeum Pamięci Sybiru) is a historical museum opened in 2021 and dedicated to the memory of Poles as well as people from other nationalities who were the victims of forced deportations to Siberia perpetrated by Russia and the Soviet Union.

Aerial view of Bialystok, Poland 
Aerial view of Bialystok, Poland
Image: Adobe Stock #292578326

Białystok has a population of over 297,554 people. Białystok also forms the centre of the wider Podlaskie Voivodeship which has a population of over 1,179,430 people. Białystok is ranked #890 for startups with a score of 0.144.

To set up a UBI Lab for Białystok see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Białystok has links with:

🇲🇩 Bălți, Moldova 🇫🇷 Dijon, France 🇧🇬 Dobrich, Bulgaria 🇧🇾 Grodno, Belarus 🇦🇲 Gyumri, Armenia 🇱🇻 Jelgava, Latvia 🇷🇺 Kaliningrad, Russia 🇱🇹 Kaunas, Lithuania 🇺🇦 Lutsk, Ukraine 🇷🇺 Pskov, Russia 🇲🇹 Sliema, Malta
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | StartupBlink

Antipodal to Białystok is: -156.844,-53.128

Locations Near: Białystok 23.1558,53.1279

🇵🇱 Bielsk Podlaski 23.189,52.774 d: 39.4  

🇵🇱 Sokółka 23.5,53.4 d: 37.9  

🇧🇾 Grodno 23.833,53.667 d: 74.9  

🇵🇱 Grajewo 22.45,53.65 d: 74.6  

🇵🇱 Suwałki 22.933,54.101 d: 109.2  

🇵🇱 Ełk 22.35,53.817 d: 93.3  

🇵🇱 Łomża 22.082,53.177 d: 71.8  

🇵🇱 Biała Podlaska 23.126,52.033 d: 121.8  

🇧🇾 Brest 23.732,52.094 d: 121.4  

🇵🇱 Ostrów Mazowiecka 21.9,52.8 d: 91.7  

Antipodal to: Białystok -156.844,-53.128

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 16007.4  

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 16128.2  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 15526.2  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 15451.8  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 11912.4  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 11803.5  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 11787.1  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 11784.4  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 11784.2  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 11738.5  

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