Xining is the capital of Qinghai province in western China, and the largest city on the Tibetan Plateau. The city is a commercial hub along the Northern Silk Road's Hexi Corridor. Xining holds sites of religious significance to Muslims and Buddhists, including the Dongguan Mosque and Ta'er Monastery. The city lies in the Huangshui River valley, and owing to its high altitude, has a cool climate on the borderline between cool semi-arid and dry winter humid continental. It is connected by rail to Lhasa, Tibet and connected by high-speed rail to Lanzhou, Gansu and Ürümqi, Xinjiang. The city is home to Qinghai University, a comprehensive university and the only Project 211 university in Xining.
The city's main industries are wool spinning and textiles, fur, meat, milk, salt, and light processing industries. Xining Economic & Technological Development Zone XETDZ) lies in the east of Xining, 5 km (3.1 mi) away from downtown. The XETDZ is the first Development Zone on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. XETDZ enjoys a convenient transportation system, connected by the Xining–Lanzhou expressway and run through by two main roads, the broadest roads of the city. It is 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the railway station, 15 km (9.3 mi) from Xining Airport. It focuses on the development of following industries: chemicals based on salt lake resources, nonferrous metals, and petroleum and natural gas processing; special medicine, foods and bio-chemicals using local plateau animals and plants; new products involving ecological and environmental protection, high technology, new materials as well as information technology; and services such as logistics, banking, real estate, tourism, hotel, catering, agency and international trade.
Xining was ranked #877 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Xining has a population of over 1,198,304 people. Xining also forms part of the wider Xining metropolitan area which has a population of over 2,209,000 people.