Zunyi, Guizhou Province, China

History | Geography | Ethnic groups | Transport | Economy | Culture | Museums & tourism | Institutions of higher learning | Food and liquor

🇨🇳 Zunyi is a prefecture-level city in northern Guizhou province, People's Republic of China, situated between the provincial capital Guiyang to the south and Chongqing to the north, also bordering Sichuan to the north-west. Along with Guiyang and Liupanshui, it is one of the most important cities of the province. The metro area is made of three urban districts of the city, Huichuan, Honghuagang, and Bozhou and the whole prefecture, includes 14 county-level administration areas. Zunyi is known for being the location of the Zunyi Conference in 1935, where Mao Zedong was first elected to the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party during the Long March.


History The area of Zunyi was originally inhabited by the Tongzi people during the Paleolithic. Later, its territory was a part of several kingdoms. Zunyi was considered to be the centre of the Yelang kingdom. The region around Zunyi first came under Chinese rule during Han dynasty, during the reign of Emperor Wu of Han. After the Han dynasty collapsed, the area remained under nominal Chinese control, but much of the administration was left to local, non-Han chiefs. In the 7th century CE, the area came under regular Chinese administration during the Tang dynasty, Zunyi was placed under the new Bo Prefecture (Bozhou).

Towards the end of the Tang, Bozhou was conquered by the Nanzhao Kingdom. However, it soon gained independence as the Chiefdom of Bozhou in AD 876. The chiefdom became an autonomous prefecture of the Song and subsequent dynasties, while the ruling Yang family held power in Zunyi for more than seven centuries. Bozhou rebelled against the Ming dynasty in 1589, resisting the Ming for more than a decade before its eventual destruction in 1600. Subsequently, Zunyi Prefecture was established, with the present-day city of Zunyi becoming the prefectural seat. Zunyi retained its status as a prefectural seat through the Qing dynasty. After the Xinhai Revolution, Zunyi was redesignated as a county in 1914.

In 1935, the Zunyi Conference took place in the city, resulting in Mao Zedong becoming the de facto leader of the Chinese Communist Party.

During the country's the First Five-Year Plan, Zunyi was redesignated as a city, and experienced considerable growth and transformation.


Geography Zunyi is located in northern Guizhou at an elevation of 865 m (2,838 ft); it is situated in the transition from the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau to the Sichuan Basin and hill country of Hunan.


Ethnic groups The 1999 Zunyi Prefecture Almanac lists the following ethnic groups. • Gelao • Miao • Tujia • Buyi • Yi • Dong • Hui • Manchu


Transport • China National Highway 210 • China National Highway 306 • Sichuan–Guizhou Railway • Chongqing–Guiyang high-speed railway • Zunyi Xinzhou Airport • G4215 Rongzun Expressway • G56 Hangzhou–Ruili Expressway • G75 Lanzhou-Haikou Expressway

A rapid transit system is in the planning stages for Zunyi.


Economy Zunyi is the economic and commercial hub of the North Guizhou Province. In 2019, Zunyi's GDP was CN¥348.3 billion (US$53 billion).


Culture Being known as the "home of culture" of Guizhou province, Zunyi, or the North-Guizhou area, is the education and economic centre of the province.


Museums & tourism The Zunyi Conference Memorial Museum is located in Honghuagang District, and consists of several sites related to the historical Zunyi Conference.


Institutions of higher learning Zunyi is home to the Zunyi Medical College (ZMC), which was formerly the Dalian Medical College founded in 1947. The college was moved from Dalian to Zunyi and renamed to the Zunyi Medical College with the approval of the State Council in 1969. Another college-level institution of in the city is the Zunyi Normal College (遵义师范学院).


Food and liquor The rice liquor Maotai is produced in the town of Maotai, known as the "national liquor of China". Zunyi is home to much chili pepper cultivation, and red sorghum is also grown in Zunyi, a key ingredient for baijiu in China.

Image: Adobe Stock gui yong nian #377298211

Zunyi was ranked #812 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Zunyi has a population of over 1,095,189 people. Zunyi also forms the centre of the wider Zunyi Prefecture which has a population of over 6,127,009 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Zunyi see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | Nomad

Antipodal to Zunyi is: -73.063,-27.707

Locations Near: Zunyi 106.937,27.7066

🇨🇳 Renhuai 106.401,27.792 d: 53.6  

🇨🇳 Guiyang 106.717,26.583 d: 126.8  

🇨🇳 Huaxi 106.67,26.41 d: 146.6  

🇨🇳 Kaili 107.981,26.566 d: 163.6  

🇨🇳 Duyun 107.502,26.257 d: 170.7  

🇨🇳 Banan 106.683,29.25 d: 173.4  

🇨🇳 Bijie 105.292,27.284 d: 168.9  

🇨🇳 Jiangjin 106.254,29.291 d: 188.4  

🇨🇳 Jiangjin District 106.254,29.291 d: 188.4  

🇨🇳 Anshun 105.927,26.25 d: 190.4  

Antipodal to: Zunyi -73.063,-27.707

🇨🇱 Copiapó -70.317,-27.35 d: 19741.4  

🇨🇱 Coquimbo -71.333,-29.95 d: 19714.1  

🇨🇱 La Serena -71.25,-29.909 d: 19713.1  

🇨🇱 Ovalle -71.2,-30.6 d: 19646  

🇨🇱 Illapel -71.167,-31.633 d: 19541.6  

🇨🇱 La Calera -71.183,-32.783 d: 19422.4  

🇨🇱 Viña del Mar -71.55,-33.017 d: 19407.1  

🇨🇱 Valparaíso -71.619,-33.046 d: 19405.5  

🇨🇱 Quilpue -71.442,-33.048 d: 19401.2  

🇨🇱 Villa Alemana -71.373,-33.044 d: 19399.9  

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