Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine

Industry | Electricity generation | Culture | Tourist Industry

🇺🇦 Zaporizhzhia (Запоріжжя) is a city in south-eastern Ukraine, situated on the banks of the Dnieper river. It is the administrative centre of the Zaporizhzhia Oblast (region).

Zaporizhzhia (lit. Below-The-Rapids) is known for the historic island of Khortytsia; multiple power stations including Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant (the largest nuclear power station in Europe), Zaporizhzhia thermal power station and Dnieper Hydroelectric Station and for being an important industrial centre. Steel, aluminium, aircraft engines, automobiles, transformers for substations, and other heavy industrial goods are produced in the region.

The city is located in south-eastern Ukraine. The Dnieper river splits the city for two parts between them is located the Khortytsia island. The city covers 334 km² at an elevation of 50 m above sea level.

Two streams around Khortytsia island are called the New and Old Dnieper. The New Dnieper is about 800 m (2600 feet) wide and the Old Dnieper is about 200 m (650 feet). The island has 12 km × 2 km (7.5 mi × 1.2 mi) sizes. There are also several small rivers in the city, which enter the Dnieper: Sukha and Mokra Moskovka, Kushuhum, and Verkhnia Khortytsia.

The flora of Khortytsia island is unique and diverse due to the dry steppe air and a large freshwater basin around, which cleans the polluted by industries air. Khortytsia Island is a national park. The island surface is cut by large ravines ("balka"), hiking routes and historical monuments. The island is a very popular recreational area for both kids and adults. There are a large number of sanatoriums, resorts and health centers. There are also sandy beaches with swimming access.

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Industry Zaporizhzhia is an important industrial centre of Ukraine, the country's main car manufacturing company, the Motor-Sich world-famous aircraft engine manufacturer. Well supplied with electricity, Zaporizhzhia forms, together with the adjoining Donets Basin and the Nikopol manganese and Kryvyi Rih iron mines, one of Ukraine's leading industrial complexes.

The city is also a home of the Ukraine's main automobile production centre which is based at the Zaporizhzhia Automobile Factory ZAZ producing such Ukrainian car brands like Zaporozhets and Tavria.

After the end of the Russian Revolution, the city became an important industrial centre. The presence of cheap labour and the proximity of deposits of coal, iron ore, and manganese created favourable conditions for large-scale enterprises of the iron and mechanical engineering industries. Today Zaporizhzhia is an important industrial centre of the region with heavy industry (particularly metallurgy), aluminium, and chemical industry. In the city cars, avia motors, radioelectronics are manufactured. The port of Zaporizhzhia is an important place of trans-shipment for goods from the Donbas.

Zaporizhstal, Ukraine's fourth largest steel maker, ranks 54th in the world and is based in the city.

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Electricity generation Zaporizhzhia is a large electricity generating hub. There are hydroelectric power plant known as "DniproHES" Dnieper Hydroelectric Station and the largest nuclear power plant in Europe. Zaporizhzhia plants generate about 25% of the whole Ukrainian electricity consumption. The Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant is located near the Enerhodar (meaning energy gifter), around 60 km from Zaporizhzhia, which is the largest nuclear power plant in Europe. Also in Enerhodar, is the Zaporizhzhia Thermal Power Station.

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Culture Zaporizhzhia has a philharmonic, few museums, theaters, libraries. Among them are: • Magara Academic Drama Theatre • Municipal Theatre Lab «VIE» • Theatre for Young-Age spectators • Theatre of Horse Riding «Zaporizhzhian Cossacks» • Zaporizhzhia Regional Museum • National Museum of Zaporizhzhian Cossacks History • Zaporizhzhia Regional Art Museum • Motor Sich Aviation Museum • Zaporizhzhia Region Universal Scientific Library.

There are a number of small amateur groups of folk music bands, art galleries in Zaporizhzhia. The city regularly holds festivals and feasts, competitions of the Cossack martial arts and art exhibitions.

Zaporizhzhia has an open-air exhibition-and-sale of Zaporizhzhia city association of artists «Kolorit» near the 'Fountain of Life' at the Mayakovskoho square. A daily exhibition of artists' organizations of the city is a unique place in Zaporizhzhia, where people can communicate with craftsmen and artists, watch classes of carving, embroidery, beading and other creative works, receive lessons from professional artists, designers, and cartoonists.

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Tourist Industry The 12 km (7.5 mi) x 2 km (1.2 mi) island Khortytsia is located in the geographical centre of the city. The city embraces the island by banks of the New and Old Dnieper streams. Two concrete bridges connect the Island to the city. They have been designed and constructed by the engineer Boris N. Preobrazhensky in 1952. Two level bridges have height about 54 meters. High level of the bridges is intended for rail and bottom – for cars and pedestrians. The historical and cultural museum "Zaporizka Sich" is placed on the northern rocky part of the island Khotritsa. The museum is the reconstructed stronghold of the Zaporizhzhian Cossacks. All features of the military cossack's camp life and their lifestyle are presented in the museum.

The smaller islands are located between the dam and the island Khortytsia. Each of these islands has its own legend. On one of them named Durnya Scala ("Rock of the Fool") Tzar Peter the Great punished the Cossacks by flogging for their betrayal on the side of Charles XII of Sweden during the Great Northern War between Russia and Sweden.

Another small island, named Stolb ("Pillar"), has a geological feature, which looks like a large bowl in granite slabs, its diameter equals 1,4 м, the depth – 1 м. This bowl is named Cossack's bowl. People say that in summer days under the hot sun, it is easy to boil water in this "bowl" and the Cossacks used it for cooking galushki (boiled dough in a spicy broth). The panoramic view of the DnieproHES from Khortytsia island is very impressive. The straight and long Sobornyi avenue (10 km) ends in the SotsGorod near the Dam, which built up of the constructivist architecture of the 20th century.

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Zaporozhye Time 
Zaporozhye Time
Image: Wikinymous

Zaporizhzhia has a population of over 710,052 people. Zaporizhzhia also forms the centre of the wider Zaporizhzhia Oblast which has a population of over 1,666,515 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Zaporizhzhia see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Zaporizhzhia has links with:

🇮🇱 Ashdod, Israel 🇨🇳 Banan, China 🇫🇷 Belfort, France 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Birmingham, England 🇨🇳 Chongqing, China 🇫🇮 Lahti, Finland 🇦🇹 Linz, Austria 🇩🇪 Magdeburg, Germany 🇷🇺 Novokuznetsk, Russia, until 2022 🇩🇪 Oberhausen, Germany 🇨🇦 Steinbach, Canada 🇨🇳 Yichang, China 🇬🇪 Zestaponi, Georgia
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Zaporizhzhia is: -144.833,-47.833

Locations Near: Zaporizhzhia 35.1667,47.8333

🇺🇦 Zaporizhia 35.167,47.833 d: 0  

🇺🇦 Zaporizhzhya 35.117,47.85 d: 4.2  

🇺🇦 Synelnykove 35.5,48.317 d: 59.2  

🇺🇦 Enerhodar 34.65,47.483 d: 54.9  

🇺🇦 Dnipro 35.033,48.467 d: 71.1  

🇺🇦 Dnipropetrovsk 35.046,48.474 d: 71.7  

🇺🇦 Nikopol 34.4,47.567 d: 64.6  

🇺🇦 Kamianske 34.617,48.517 d: 86.2  

🇺🇦 Pavlohrad 35.867,48.517 d: 92  

🇺🇦 Melitopol 35.356,46.847 d: 110.7  

Antipodal to: Zaporizhzhia -144.833,-47.833

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 16618.9  

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 15994.6  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 15588.5  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 15491.7  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 12433.5  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 12304.6  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 12285.4  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 12285.7  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 12284.6  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 12218.6  

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