Yixing, Jiangsu Province, China

History | Geography | Environment | Administrative divisions | Subdistricts | Towns | Other township-level divisions | Economy | Transport | Tourist attractions

🇨🇳 Yixing (宜兴) is a county-level city with a population of 12 administrated under the prefecture-level city of Wuxi in southern Jiangsu province, China, and is part of the Yangtze River Delta. The city is known for its traditional Yixing clay ware tea pots. It is a pene-exclave with Changzhou. Yixing is among the top 10 county-level cities in China.

History During the Xia dynasty and Shang dynasty, the area fell under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou and was known as Jingxi (荆溪; 荊溪; Jīngxī). The area was subsequently known as Jingyi (荆邑; 荊邑; Jīngyì) during the Zhou dynasty.

The area was first organized as a county in 221 BCE, during the Qin dynasty, under the name of Yangxian County (阳羡县; 陽羨縣; Yángxiàn Xiàn). Between 303 and 310 CE, local general Zhou Qi the eldest son of General Zhou Chu, suppressed three rebellions. Yangxian County was then renamed Yixing Commandery (义兴郡; 義興郡; Yìxìng Jùn), in honor of Zhou Qi. Yixing Commandery remained under the jurisdiction of Yangzhou. In 589 CE, under the Sui dynasty, Yixing was re-designated from a commandery back to a county, and was placed under the jurisdiction of Changzhou.

In 976 CE, Yixing County (义兴县; 義興縣; Yìxìng Xiàn) was renamed to the similar sounding Yixing County (宜兴县; 宜興縣; Yíxìng Xiàn), because of the naming taboo of Emperor Taizong of Song, who went by the personal name of Zhao Guangyi. The renaming perhaps to be the allusion of a sentence in Doctrine of the Mean: "Righteousness is the accordance of actions (義者宜也)". During this time, Yixing County remained under the jurisdiction of Changzhou.

In 1725, under the Qing dynasty, the area was split into two counties: Yixing County (宜兴县; 宜興縣; Yíxìng Xiàn), and Jingxi County (荆溪县; 荊溪縣; Jīngxī Xiàn).

In 1912, the Republican government abolished Jingxi County and merged it back into Yixing County.

People's Republic of China

From June 1949 to January 1953, Yixing belonged to Changzhou Prefecture. From January 1953 to February 1956, Yixing belonged to Suzhou Prefecture. Following this, Yixing fell under the jurisdiction of Zhenjiang Prefecture  until March 1983. Beginning in March 1983, Yixing County was placed under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Wuxi, which it remains part of today. In January 1988, Yixing County was abolished, and Yixing was reorganized as a county-level city, which it remains today.

Geography Yixing's area spans from 31°07′ to 31°37′ north, and from 119°31′ to 120°03′ east. The city is located in the far south of Jiangsu province, lying in between the cities of Shanghai, Nanjing, and Hangzhou. The city is border to the east by Lake Tai, by Changxing County in neighboring Zhejiang province to the south-east, the county-level city of Guangde in neighboring Anhui province to the south-west, the county-level city of Liyang in Changzhou to the west, Jintan District in Changzhou to the north-west, and Wujin District in Changzhou to the north. To its north, situated between Yixing and Wujin District, lies Ge Lake. Yixing's urban area is also rich in lakes, with the San Jiu  lake formation, comprising East Lake West Lake and Tuan Lake lying in Yixing's urban core.

Yixing's terrain is higher in the south, and lower in the north. The city's highest point is Huangta Peak (黄塔顶; Huángtǎ Dǐng), which rises 611.5 metres (2,006 ft) above sea level.

Environment In 2020, the city's government recorded an average PM2.5 level of 30.4 micrograms per cubic meter, an 18.9% improvement from 2019. 82.5% of days in Yixing during 2020 had good air quality, as judged per the government.

Administrative divisions Yixing is divided into 5 subdistricts (街道; jiēdào), 14 towns (镇; 鎮; zhèn), and 2 other township-level divisions. These township-level divisions are then further divided into 102 residential communities (社区; 社區; shè qū) and 207 administrative villages (行政村; xíngzhèng cūn). The city's government is seated in Yicheng Subdistrict.

Subdistricts Yixing administers the following 5 subdistricts: • Yicheng Subdistrict  (宜城街道) • Fangqiao Subdistrict  (芳桥街道) • Qiting Subdistrict  (屺亭街道) • Xinjie Subdistrict  (新街街道) • Xinzhuang Subdistrict  (新庄街道).

Towns Yixing administers the following 14 towns: • Dapu (大浦镇) • Dingshu  (丁蜀镇) • Heqiao  (和桥镇) • Hufu  (湖㳇镇) • Gaocheng (高塍镇) • Guanlin  (官林镇) • Taihua  (太华镇) • Wanshi  (万石镇) • Xizhu  (西渚镇) • Xinjian (新建镇) • Xushe  (徐舍镇) • Yangxiang  (杨巷镇) • Zhangzhu  (张渚镇) • Zhoutie (周铁镇).

Other township-level divisions Yixing administers the following 2 other township-level divisions: • Huanke Park (环科园) • Yixing Economic Development Zone (宜兴经济开发区).

Economy As of 2020, Yixing has a gross domestic product (GDP) of 183.221 billion renminbi (RMB). This represented a 3% increase from the previous year. The city's per capita disposable income stands as 50,987 RMB, a 5.1% increase from the previous year. This figure stands at 61,090 RMB for urban residents, and 32,430 RMB for rural residents, reflecting a 4.4% and 6.6% increase from the previous year, respectively.

Transport The city is served by three railway stations: the Yixing railway station, the Yixing North railway station and the Dingshan railway station. Yixing railway station is located on the Nanjing–Hangzhou high-speed railway, while the latter two are part of the Xinyi–Changxing railway.

In 2020, the Changyi Expressway (Chinese: 常宜高速), a section of the Jiangyi Expressway  linking Yixing to Jiangdu District in Yangzhou, was completed. The same year, the Yichang Expressway (Chinese: 宜长高速), a section of the Hangchangyi Expressway  linking Yixing to Changxing County and Hangzhou in neighboring Zhejiang province, was also completed.

Tourist attractions Dongcang Bridge is a historic stone arch bridge in the city.

Image: Adobe Stock Hildegarde #204643120

Yixing has a population of over 1,240,000 people. Yixing also forms part of the wider Wuxi Prefecture which has a population of over 7,462,135 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Yixing see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Yixing has links with:

🇺🇸 Hayward, USA 🇰🇷 Mungyeong, South Korea 🇸🇮 Novo Mesto, Slovenia 🇺🇸 Sanford, USA 🇺🇸 Sanford, USA
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Yixing is: -60.7,-31.03

Locations Near: Yixing 119.3,31.03

🇨🇳 Yaxi 119.15,31.367 d: 40.1  

🇨🇳 Liyang 119.477,31.422 d: 46.7  

🇨🇳 Xuanzhou 118.757,30.955 d: 52.4  

🇨🇳 Anji 119.667,30.617 d: 57.8  

🇨🇳 Huzhou 120.088,30.893 d: 76.7  

🇨🇳 Wuxing 120.1,30.867 d: 78.4  

🇨🇳 Deqing 119.977,30.543 d: 84.4  

🇨🇳 Jurong 119.164,31.946 d: 102.7  

🇨🇳 Yuhang 119.667,30.15 d: 104  

🇨🇳 Wuhu 118.364,31.344 d: 95.7  

Antipodal to: Yixing -60.7,-31.03

🇦🇷 Santa Fe de la Vera Cruz -60.7,-31.633 d: 19948  

🇦🇷 Santa Fe -60.7,-31.633 d: 19948  

🇦🇷 Paraná -60.533,-31.733 d: 19935.3  

🇦🇷 Rafaela -61.483,-31.267 d: 19936  

🇦🇷 Sastre -61.833,-31.75 d: 19881  

🇦🇷 San Lorenzo -60.733,-32.75 d: 19823.8  

🇦🇷 Cañada de Gómez -61.4,-32.817 d: 19805.7  

🇦🇷 Rosario -60.678,-32.956 d: 19801  

🇦🇷 Reconquista -59.933,-29.233 d: 19802.1  

🇦🇷 Marcos Juárez -62.1,-32.7 d: 19787.1  

Bing Map

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