Vic, Province of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

Geography | History | Culture | Economy | Tourist Industry | Sport

🇪🇸 Vic (Vich) is the capital of the comarca of Osona, in the province of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Vic is located 69 km (43 mi) from Barcelona and 60 km (37 mi) from Girona.

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Geography Vic lies in the middle of the Plain of Vic, equidistant from Barcelona and the Pyrenees. Vic has persistent fog in winter as a result of a thermal inversion, with temperatures as low as -10 °C, an absolute record of -24 °C and episodes of cold and severe snowstorms. For this reason the natural vegetation includes the pubescent oak typical of the sub-Mediterranean climates of eastern France, Northern Italy and the Balkans.

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History Vic is of ancient origin. In past times it was called Ausa by the Romans. Iberian coins bearing this name have been found there. The Visigoths called it Ausona. Sewage caps on sidewalks around the city will also read "Vich", an old spelling of the name.

During the 8th and 9th centuries, Vic sat in the Spanish Marches that separated Frankish and Islamic forces. It was destroyed in 788 during a Muslim incursion. Afterwards only one quarter was rebuilt, which was called Vicus Ausonensis (vicus is Latin for city borough), from which the name Vic was derived. It was repopulated by Wilfred the Hairy in 878 who gained control over the high part of the city and gave up the lowest part to the bishop to construct the episcopal see. From then on, the city was ruled by the count of Barcelona and by the bishop of Vic.

At a council in Toulouges in 1027, the bishop of Vic established the first Peace and Truce of God that helped reduce private warfare.

During the 14th century, several Jews flocked to the city and attained prominence, such as Salomo Abraham Taroç.

During the 18th century the city was the first focus of the rebellion against the centralist policy of King Philip V of Spain. The conflict became the War of the Spanish Succession. In the early 20th century Vic had 9500 inhabitants, and in 1992 it hosted roller hockey events of the Barcelona 1992 Summer Olympics. The town has been described as "a hotbed of secessionist sentiment".

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Culture Among other centres and institutions working to promote culture education, Vic hosts: • The Universitat de Vic, a young University that, according to its numbers, has grown to be the most important outside the four main cities of Catalonia. • The Museu episcopal, a medieval art museum administered by the bishopric. • The Museu de la pell, a museum dedicated to leathers. • The markets, trade fairs and festivals. Especially the Mercat de música viva de Vic & Mercat Medieval.

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Economy For centuries, the city's primary industrial and commercial activity was a textile industry, now almost disappeared. Nowadays, the pillars of the economy are agriculture and other alimentary industries, and construction.

The city produces sausages and other pork derivatives, especially fuet, a thin cured sausage. The making of cured sausages and cold meats stems from the long tradition of pig farming in the Vic plain.

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Tourist Industry It is disputed whether the Church of Sant Pere Apòstol or Sta. Maria la Rodona was the first cathedral church. For centuries the bishops celebrated the first Christmas Mass in this church, and the third in that of Sant Pere.

The ancient Church of St. Mary was rebuilt from the foundations by Canon Guillem Bonfil in 1140, and consecrated forty years later by Bishop Pere Retorta. In 1787 it was demolished to make room for the new Cathedral. Bishop Jordi (915–38) reconsecrated the Church of Ripoll and also consecrated that of St. Mary of Manresa.

The original cathedral, which had but a single nave, thick walls, and few windows, was replaced by that built by Bishop Oliva. As early as the 13th century, Bishop Raimond d'Anglesola wrote a pastoral letter exhorting his people to contribute towards repairing the cathedral. In 1401 Bishop Diego de Heredia added a transept, and in 1585 the door of Sant Joan was added, but the necessity of a complete reconstruction was soon recognized, and towards the end of the 18th century the building was torn down, and the cornerstone of the new one was laid on 24 September 1781. It was consecrated on 15 September 1803. It is classic in design, a combination of Doric and Tuscan, with a façade of white stone enriched with a balustrade. It has three entrances, corresponding to the three naves, and colossal statutes of its six patrons. The interior is Corinthian. All the monuments and altars were destroyed when the old church was demolished, except the high altar which is of alabaster, in the Gothic style, and was given early in the 15th century by D. Bernat Despujol. Among the chapels is that of St. Bernat Calvó (1233–43), who assisted James I of Aragon in the conquest of Valencia. A Gothic doorway leading to the chapter house has been preserved.

The conciliar seminary was begun in 1635 by Gaspar Gil and was finally finished, by command of Pope Benedict XIV, by Manuel Muñoz in 1748. The modern seminary is located in the former Jesuit College. It has sent out many famous men, among them Balmes and the poet Jacint Verdaguer, author of "L'Atlàntida". The episcopal palace was destroyed in the wars of 1640 and rebuilt in stages, being completed by Bishop Veyan. The archaeological museum is in this building.

Manresa, where St. Ignatius Loyola wrote his Spiritual Exercises, is situated in the Diocese of Vic. His memory is venerated in the Santa Cova, which has been converted into a church, and a college of the Jesuits built near it.

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Sport The city has a roller hockey team, CHP Vic, who plays at the OK Liga.

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Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain 
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Image: Adobe Stock grzegorz_pakula #145397350

Vic has a population of over 45,040 people. Vic also forms the centre of the wider Osona Comarca which has a population of over 154,559 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Vic see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Vic has links with:

🇳🇮 Somoto, Nicaragua
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Vic is: -177.75,-41.917

Locations Near: Vic 2.25,41.9167

🇪🇸 Granollers 2.288,41.608 d: 34.5  

🇪🇸 Mollet del Vallès 2.213,41.539 d: 42.1  

🇪🇸 Santa Coloma de Farners 2.65,41.85 d: 33.9  

🇪🇸 Sabadell 2.1,41.533 d: 44.4  

🇪🇸 Mataró 2.441,41.545 d: 44.2  

🇪🇸 Terrassa 2.009,41.561 d: 44.3  

🇪🇸 Cerdanyola del Vallès 2.133,41.483 d: 49.2  

🇪🇸 Manresa 1.826,41.73 d: 40.8  

🇪🇸 Santa Coloma de Gramenet 2.209,41.451 d: 51.9  

🇪🇸 Rubí 2.04,41.493 d: 50.2  

Antipodal to: Vic -177.75,-41.917

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 17692.2  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 16867.9  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 16839.3  

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 16208  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 12775.4  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 12713.5  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 12703  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 12693.6  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 12696.8  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 12695.9  

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