Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Regional structure | Overview | Tourist Industry | Higher education and research

🇩🇪 Tübingen is a traditional university city in central Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is situated 30 km south of the state capital, Stuttgart, and developed on both sides of the Neckar and Ammer rivers. As of 2014 about one in three of the people living in Tübingen is a student. As of the 2018/2019 winter semester, 27,665 students attend the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen. The city has the lowest median age in Germany, in part due to its status as a university city; as of December 31, 2015, the average age of a citizen of Tübingen is 39.1 years.

Immediately north of the city lies the Schönbuch, a densely wooded nature park. The Swabian Alb mountains rise about 13 km (8 mi) (beeline Tübingen City to Roßberg - 869 m) to the south-east of Tübingen.

The Ammer and Steinlach rivers are tributaries of the Neckar river, which flows in an easterly direction through the city, just south of the medieval old town. Large parts of the city are hilly, with the Schlossberg and the Österberg in the city centre and the Schnarrenberg and Herrlesberg, among others, rising immediately adjacent to the inner city.

The highest point is at about 500 m (1,640.42 ft) above sea level near Bebenhausen in the Schönbuch forest, while the lowest point is 305 m (1,000.66 ft) in the city's eastern Neckar valley. The geographical centre of the state of Baden-Württemberg is in a small forest called Elysium, near the Botanical Gardens of the city's university.


Regional structure Tübingen is the capital of an eponymous district and an eponymous administrative region (Regierungsbezirk), before 1973 called Südwürttemberg-Hohenzollern.

Tübingen is, with nearby Reutlingen (about 15 km (9.3 mi) east), one of the two centre cities of the Neckar-Alb region.

Administratively, it is not part of the Stuttgart Region, bordering it to the north and west (Böblingen district). However, the city and northern parts of its district can be regarded as belonging to that region in a wider regional and cultural context.


Overview Life in the city is dominated by its roughly 28.000 students. Tübingen is best described as a mixture of old and distinguished academic flair, including liberal and green politics on one hand and traditional German-style student fraternities on the other, with rural-agricultural environs and shaped by typical Lutheran-Pietist characteristics, such as austerity and a Protestant work ethic, and traditional Swabian elements, such as frugality, order, and tidiness. The city is home to many picturesque buildings from previous centuries and lies on the River Neckar.

In 1995, the German weekly magazine Focus published a national survey according to which Tübingen had the highest quality of life of all cities in Germany. Factors taken into consideration included the infrastructure, the integration of bicycle lanes into the road system, a bus system connecting surrounding hills and valleys, late-night services, areas of the city that can be reached on foot, the pedestrianised old town, and other amenities and cultural events offered by the university. Tübingen is the city with the youngest average population in Germany.


Tourist Industry In central Tübingen, the Neckar divides briefly into two streams, forming the elongated Neckarinsel (Neckar Island), famous for its Platanenallee with high plane trees, which are around 200 years old. Pedestrians can reach the island via stairs on the narrow ends leading down from a bridge spanning the Neckar. During the summer, the Neckarinsel is occasionally the venue for concerts, plays, and literary readings. The row of historical houses across one side of the elongated Neckarinsel is called the Neckarfront and includes the house with adjoining tower where poet Friedrich Hölderlin stayed for the last 36 years of his life, as he struggled with mental instability.

Tübingen's Altstadt (old town) survived the World War II due to the city's lack of heavy industry. The result is a growing domestic tourism business as visitors come to wander through one of the few completely intact historic Altstädte in Germany. The highlights of Tübingen include its crooked cobblestone lanes, narrow-stair alleyways picking their way through the hilly terrain, streets lined with canals, and well-maintained traditional half-timbered houses.

Old city landmarks include the city hall on Markt Square and the Hohentübingen Castle, now part of the University of Tübingen. The central landmark is the Stiftskirche (Collegiate Church). Along with the rest of the city, the Stiftskirche was one of the first to convert to Martin Luther's protestant church. As such, it maintains (and carefully defends) several "Roman Catholic" features, such as patron saints. Below the Rathaus is a quiet, residential street called the Judengasse, the former Jewish neighborhood of Tübingen until the city's Jews were expelled in 1477. On the street corner is a plaque commemorating the fate of Tübingen's Jews.

The centre of Tübingen is the site of weekly and seasonal events, including regular market days on the Holzmarkt by the Stiftskirche and the Marktplatz by the Rathaus, an outdoor cinema in winter and summer, festive autumn and Christmas markets and (formerly) Europe's largest Afro-Brazilian festival.

Students and tourists also come to the Neckar River in the summer to visit beer gardens or go boating in Stocherkähne, the Tübingen equivalent of Oxford and Cambridge punts, only slimmer. A Stocherkahn carries up to 20 people. On the second Thursday of June, all Stocherkahn punts take part in a major race, the Stocherkahnrennen.

Bebenhausen Abbey lies in the village of Bebenhausen, a district of Tübingen. A subdivision of the pilgrimage route known as the Way of St. James starts here and runs through Tübingen.


Tübingen has a notable arts culture as well as nightlife. In addition to the full roster of official and unofficial university events that range from presentations by the university's official poet in residence to parties hosted by the student associations of each faculty, the city can boast of several choirs, theatre companies and nightclubs. Also, Tübingen's Kunsthalle (art exhibition hall), on the "Wanne", houses two or three exhibits of international note each year.


Higher education and research The Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen dates from 1477, making it one of the oldest in Germany. Including the university hospitals, it is also the city's largest employer. The town is also host to several research institutes including the Max Planck Institutes for Biological Cybernetics, Developmental Biology, Intelligent Systems, The Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the MPG, and the Max Planck Institute for Biology, the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, the Werner Reichardt Centre for Integrative Neuroscience and many others. A modern technology park is growing in the northern part of the city, where science, industrial companies and start-ups are conducting joint research, primarily on biotechnology and artificial intelligence. The university also maintains an excellent botanical garden, the Botanischer Garten der Universität Tübingen. Furthermore, there is a Protestant College of Church Music.

Image: Adobe Stock pwmotion #161932757

Tübingen has a population of over 96,245 people. Tübingen also forms the centre of the wider Tübingen region which has a population of over 1,867,424 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Tübingen see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Tübingen has links with:

🇨🇭 Aigle, Switzerland 🇫🇷 Aix-en-Provence, France 🇺🇸 Ann Arbor, USA 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Durham, England 🇨🇭 Kilchberg, Switzerland 🇫🇷 Kingersheim, France 🇨🇭 Monthey, Switzerland 🇹🇿 Moshi, Tanzania 🇮🇹 Perugia, Italy 🇷🇺 Petrozavodsk, Russia 🇵🇪 Villa El Salvador, Perú
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Tübingen is: -170.951,-48.52

Locations Near: Tübingen 9.04913,48.5204

🇩🇪 Rottenburg am Neckar 8.933,48.467 d: 10.4  

🇩🇪 Reutlingen 9.215,48.492 d: 12.6  

🇩🇪 Böblingen 9,48.683 d: 18.5  

🇩🇪 Sindelfingen 9.004,48.709 d: 21.2  

🇩🇪 Leonberg 9,48.8 d: 31.3  

🇩🇪 Stuttgart 9.178,48.775 d: 29.9  

🇩🇪 Albstadt 9.017,48.2 d: 35.7  

🇩🇪 Balingen 8.85,48.267 d: 31.8  

🇩🇪 Bad Cannstatt 9.215,48.805 d: 33.9  

🇩🇪 Esslingen am Neckar 9.306,48.742 d: 31.1  

Antipodal to: Tübingen -170.951,-48.52

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 16946.5  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 16207.6  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 16157.3  

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 16064.6  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 12264.5  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 12181.9  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 12168.8  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 12163.9  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 12163.5  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 12142.7  

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