Telavi, Kakheti Region, Georgia

History | Russian rule | Heritage | Armenian heritage | Geography

🇬🇪 Telavi is the main city and administrative centre of Georgia's eastern province of Kakheti. The city is located on the foothills of the Tsiv-Gombori Range at 500–800 m above sea level.


History The first archaeological findings from Telavi date back to the Bronze Age. One of the earliest surviving accounts of Telavi is from the 2nd century AD, by Greek geographer Claudius Ptolemaeus, who mentions the name Teleda (a reference to Telavi). Telavi began to transform into a fairly important and large political and administrative centre in the 8th century. Interesting information on Telavi is provided in the records by an Arab geographer, Al-Muqaddasi of the 10th century, who mentions Telavi along with such important cities of that time's Caucasus as Tbilisi, Shamkhor, Ganja, Shemakha and Shirvan. Speaking about the population of Telavi, Al-Muqaddasi points out that for the most part it consisted of Christians.

From the 10th until the 12th century, Telavi served as the capital of the Kingdom of Kakheti and later Kingdom of Kakhet-Hereti. During the Golden Era of the Georgian State (12th–13th centuries), Telavi turned into one of the most important political and economic centres of the Georgian State. After the disintegration of the united Georgian Kingdom in the 15th century, the role of Telavi started to decline and the city eventually became an ordinary town of trade and crafts. Telavi regained its political importance in the 17th century when it became a capital of the kingdom of Kakheti. By 1762, it turned into the second capital (after Tbilisi) of the united Eastern Georgian Kingdom of Kartl-Kakheti. The reign of King Erekle II, who was born and died in this city, was a special epoch in the history of Telavi. During this period (1744–1798) it grew into a strategic and cultural centre. Erakle II established there a theological seminary and founded a theatre. Erekle II's reforms touched upon all aspects of life in the country. They changed fundamentally the political, economical and cultural orientation of Kartli-Kakheti and, subsequently of the whole Georgia. His name became a symbol of freedom and national independence of the Georgian people. Erakle II is still called affectionately "Patara Kakhi" (Little Kakhetian), and his heroic deeds are described in folk literature.


Russian rule In 1801, after the Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti was annexed by the Russian Empire, Telavi lost its status as a capital. In the 19th century, the city was the administrative centre of the Telavi uezd within the Tiflis Governorate. During that period, the economy of the city was mainly composed of small-scale industries (leather painting, pottery production, wine-making, etc.), commerce and agriculture. The town's population was about 12,000 in the end of the 19th century (including about 9,000 Armenians and 2,000 ethnic Georgians).


Heritage Telavi and its surroundings are rich in historical, architectural and natural monuments. The most important heritage monuments preserved within the city limits include: • Dzveli Galavani ("Old Walls") - fortress of the first Kakhetian kings (9th–10th centuries) • Church of the St. Mary (16th century) • Church of the Holy Trinity (6th century) • Fortress Batonis Tsikhe ("Fortress of Master") built in the 17th century; one of the only well-preserved medieval royal palaces in Georgia • Korchibashishvilebis Tsikhe - castle of the local noblemen named Korchibashishvilis (16th–18th century) • akhvakhishvilebis Tsikhe - castle of the local noblemen named Vakhvakhishvilis (18th century).

Telavi is the only city in Georgia where four fortification monuments from four historical periods remain relatively intact. Due to this reason, architects, scholars and art historians consider Telavi as the most "medieval" city in the country. Another curious sight in Telavi is a 900-year-old plane tree which is 40 m (130 ft) high and 11 m (36 ft) around the trunk. Other notable landmarks around Telavi include the Alaverdi Cathedral (11th century), the second highest cathedral in Georgia after the newly built Tbilisi Sameba Cathedral; the Ikalto Academy (8th-12th centuries–), where the famous Georgian writer Shota Rustaveli studied; the Church of St. George (dedicated to the patron saint of Georgia, where it is said that there are 365 churches named St. George); ruins of the city and castle of Gremi (the former capital of Kakheti during the 15th–17th centuries); Shuamta, a complex made of three churches of different periods—6th, 7th and 8th centuries—in a highland forest; Akhali Shuamta ("New Shuamta" in English), the monastery close to Dzveli Shuamta ("Old Shuamta" in English), built in the 16th century; the stunning Tsinandali Gardens (the residential Palace of Noblemen Chavchavadzes family); and many others.


Armenian heritage The former Armenian population had a rich cultural life, some of which remains to this day, and some of which is lost. • Avag (Mother) St. George Church - called Surb Gevorg in Armenian, located in the heart of the old city. The bell tower was built in 1829. In 1861 permission was requested to build a dome (gmbet) on the church. By early 1923 the church was closed, and the bell tower was demolished on April 19, 1924. In May of the same year the gavit was also demolished, along with the serf walls on the western and southern sides. • Surb Karapet Church - built in 1797. By 1818 it was already not used anymore. • Dzvelgalavani Surb Gevorg Church - date of construction is unknown, but there are records that it was already built by 1798-1800, and that it was renovated in 1852 at a cost of 1,500 manet. Still stands. In poor condition. • Surb Astvatsatsin (Holy Mother of God). Located in the old Armenian cemetery. There are records of it already existing by 1840, which means it was built at some point prior. In 1879, 4000 rubles were spent to build a dome (gmbet) on the church. On the night of December 10, 1894, the church was robbed, leading to protective walls being built around it. Still stands, and functions as a Georgian Church now. • Surb Yerordutyun Church. There are no known records about the construction, but there are records of it beginning in the 1800s. It was closed in 1923. • Surb Tovmas Chapel. Built of wood in 1882-1885 at a cost of 280 rubles. Closed in 1923. Still stands.


Geography Telavi faces the Tsiv-Gombori Range to the south and south-west and borders on the Alazani Valley to the north and east.

The Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, which runs to the north of the Alazani Valley, can be seen from most of Telavi.

At present, the city of Telavi is connected with Tbilisi by two highways. The most widely traveled (and better-paved) highway runs through the rural areas of Kakheti and is longer (the overall length of the highway is approximately 156 km (97 mi)) than the route, which runs through the highlands of the Gombori Mountain Range.

The shorter route (approximately 96 km (60 mi)) is quite scenic, but is less used due to the reconstruction works that are being carried out there from 2014, but now it is used way, it is little difficult for non professional and non experienced drivers, road is too much narrow and dangerous.

Because of its beauty, historical monuments and hospitality and the reputation for kindness of its residents, the city is a popular tourist destination in Georgia.

Image: Photo by Nika Tabatadze on Unsplash

Telavi has a population of over 21,800 people. Telavi also forms the centre of the wider Kakheti Province which has a population of over 310,051 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Telavi see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Telavi has links with:

🇱🇹 Anykščiai, Lithuania 🇹🇲 Arkadag, Turkmenistan 🇩🇪 Biberach an der Riß, Germany 🇧🇾 Hlybokaye, Belarus 🇱🇹 Kėdainiai, Lithuania 🇱🇻 Roja, Latvia 🇦🇿 Shaki, Azerbaijan 🇱🇻 Talsi, Latvia 🇪🇪 Viljandi, Estonia
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

South of: 41.917

🇪🇸 Palafrugell 41.917

🇺🇸 DeKalb 41.917

🇪🇸 Vic 41.917

🇺🇸 Elmhurst 41.904

🇺🇸 Taunton 41.9

🇺🇸 Geneva 41.89

🇺🇸 Adrian 41.883

🇺🇸 Oak Park 41.883

🇮🇹 Rome 41.883

🇨🇳 Fushun 41.867

East of: 45.483

🇦🇿 Tovuz 45.617

🇷🇺 Grozny 45.708

🇪🇹 Doolo 45.992

🇷🇺 Saratov 46.037

🇮🇷 Bonāb 46.05

🇷🇺 Engels 46.126

🇮🇷 Maragheh 46.233

🇮🇶 Nasiriyah 46.256

🇮🇷 Tabriz 46.281

🇮🇷 Pāveh 46.35

Antipodal to Telavi is: -134.517,-41.917

Locations Near: Telavi 45.4833,41.9167

🇬🇪 Rustavi 45,41.533 d: 58.5  

🇬🇪 Tbilisi 44.802,41.693 d: 61.7  

🇬🇪 Vake-Saburtalo 44.75,41.7 d: 65.4  

🇬🇪 Mtskheta 44.717,41.85 d: 63.9  

🇦🇿 Ağstafa 45.45,41.117 d: 89  

🇦🇿 Qazax 45.35,41.086 d: 93  

🇦🇿 Tovuz 45.617,40.983 d: 104.4  

🇦🇲 Ijevan 45.133,40.867 d: 120.3  

🇦🇿 Zagatala 46.633,41.633 d: 100.4  

🇦🇿 Zaqatala 46.633,41.633 d: 100.4  

Antipodal to: Telavi -134.517,-41.917

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 16950.1  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 15379.9  

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 15577.6  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 15267.1  

🇨🇱 Valdivia -73.233,-39.8 d: 14968.2  

🇨🇱 Osorno -73.133,-40.567 d: 14994  

🇨🇱 Coronel -73.217,-37.017 d: 14837.2  

🇨🇱 Port Montt -72.933,-41.467 d: 15016.9  

🇨🇱 Puerto Montt -72.933,-41.467 d: 15016.9  

🇨🇱 Talcahuano -73.117,-36.717 d: 14814.5  

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