Sinop, Black Sea Region, Türkiye

History | Geography | Economy

🇹🇷 Sinop, historically known as Sinope, is a city on the isthmus of İnce Burun, near Cape Sinope which is situated on the northernmost edge of the Turkish side of the Black Sea coast, in the ancient region of Paphlagonia, in modern-day northern Turkey. The city serves as the capital of Sinop Province.

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History Over a period of approximately 2,500 years, Sinope has at various times been settled by Colchians, Greeks (in the late 7th, late 5th, and 4th–3rd centuries BC), by Romans in the mid-1st century BC, and by Turkic people beginning in the 12th century. In the 19th and 20th centuries it was also settled by the muhacir who immigrated from the Balkans and Caucasus.

Evidence for Hittite Kingdom settlement along the Black Sea's southern shore remains murky. Researchers in the 1940s and 50s debated whether the "Great Sea", mentioned on the Boghazkoy tablets describing war between the Kizzuwatna tribe and the Hittites, could mean the Black Sea. Albrecht Goetze argued that the Hittites had never reached the northern Black Sea shore, instead drawing the northernmost boundary of the Hittite Kingdom to the south of the North Anatolia mountain range. D.S. Hogarth similarly concluded that the northern boundary of the Hittites never reached the shore. Hogarth's boundary was based on the distribution of Hittite monuments. Some objects found at Sinope are believed to be of Hittite origin.

The Greek colony of Sinope (Σινώπη, Sinṓpē) was founded by Ionians from the city of Miletus. Sinope issued its own coinage, founded colonies, and gave its name to a red earth pigment called sinopia, which was mined in Cappadocia for use throughout the ancient world. Some scholars have dated the earliest Greek colonization of Sinope to the 7th c. BC, while others have proposed an earlier date in the 8th c. While literary evidence exists supporting earlier settlement, archaeological evidence has been found of Greek settlement around the Black Sea region beginning in the late 7th century.

Sinope was strategically located among the trade routes that were developing on the southern Coast of the Black Sea, but remained relatively isolated from other inland communities until the 4th century BC. There is literary evidence of early links between Colchis and Sinope in mythological tradition. Strabo's writings link the legendary founder of Sinope, Autolycus, with Jason and the Argonauts. Polybius described Sinope as being "on the way to Phasis". The Persian Achaemenid Empire's northward expansion in the 4th century disrupted Sinope's control over its eastern colonies, including Trapezus (present day Trabzon). The satrap Datames briefly occupied the city around 375 BC. There is archaeological evidence of increased economic activity between the port city of Sinope and the surrounding inland areas during between 4th and 1st c. BC. Sinope appears to have maintained its independence from the dominion of Alexander the Great, and with the help of Rhodes turned back an assault led by Mithridates II of Pontus in 220 BC. Sinope eventually fell to Pharnaces I in 183 BC, after which it became the capital of the Pontic Kingdom.

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Geography Sinop is located on a promontory at the narrowest point of the Black Sea. It has two harbors and is located along the southern shore of the Black Sea, near the shortest crossing to the Crimea. The nearby mountainous terrain is green and noted for its timber.

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Economy As of 1920, Sinop was producing embroidered cotton cloth. They also were known for boatbuilding. The boats produced in Sinop were described by a British observer as being of "primitive design but sound workmanship".

Sinop was slated to be the site of the Sinop Nuclear Power Plant, a $15.8 billion nuclear power plant to be developed by Elektrik Üretim, Engie, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Itochu. The plant would consist of four reactors, with construction to begin in 2017 and completion by 2028. The project was cancelled in 2018.

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Sinop, Black Sea Region, Türkiye 
<b>Sinop, Black Sea Region, Türkiye</b>
Image: Adobe Stock sercansamanci #163029172

Sinop has a population of over 64,544 people. Sinop also forms the centre of the wider Sinop Province which has a population of over 216,460 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Sinop see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Sinop has links with:

🇨🇴 Bogotá, Colombia 🇹🇷 Çorlu, Turkey 🇴🇲 Izki, Oman 🇪🇪 Järve, Estonia 🇳🇴 Mosjøen, Norway 🇷🇺 Murmansk, Russia 🇧🇭 Riffa, Bahrain 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿 Swansea, Wales 🇧🇬 Varna, Bulgaria
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Sinop is: -144.849,-42.027

Locations Near: Sinop 35.1511,42.0267

🇹🇷 İlkadım 36.337,41.288 d: 128.3  

🇹🇷 Samsun 36.339,41.29 d: 128.3  

🇹🇷 Canik 36.35,41.267 d: 130.6  

🇹🇷 Kastamonu 33.767,41.367 d: 136.4  

🇹🇷 Amasya 36.05,40.653 d: 170.2  

🇹🇷 Turhal 36.083,40.383 d: 198.7  

🇹🇷 Çankırı 33.617,40.6 d: 203.9  

🇹🇷 Tokat 36.55,40.3 d: 224.9  

🇹🇷 Yozgat 34.8,39.817 d: 247.5  

🇹🇷 Ünye 37.283,41.117 d: 204.2  

Antipodal to: Sinop -144.849,-42.027

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 17255.3  

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 16351.9  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 16055.1  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 15949.9  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 13068.3  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 12936.7  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 12917.6  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 12917.6  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 12916.7  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 12847.6  

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