Polygyros, Chalkidiki, Central Macedonia, Greece

Geography | History | Byzantine and Ottoman Era | Modern Era | Culture | Sport | Landmarks

🇬🇷 Polygyros (Πολύγυρος) is a town and municipality in Central Macedonia, Greece. It is the capital of Chalkidiki.

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Geography

Polygyros town is built in the shape of an amphitheatre on a plateau on the south west side of the mountain Cholomontas. It is south of Greek National Road 16 (Thessaloniki - Arnaia). Polygyros is located SE of Thessaloniki, NE of Nea Moudania, NW of Sithonia and SW of Arnaia. The municipal unit has a land area of 470.933 km². Other large villages in the municipal unit are Kalýves Polygýrou, Ólynthos, Taxiárchis, and Vrástama.

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History Some situate in the broader area of modern Polygyros the ancient city of Apollonia. Apollonia was one of the 32 cities, which, under the leadership of the Olynthus, constituted the Koinon ton Chalkideon (Chalkidian League). The Koinon was destroyed in 379 BCE by the Spartans, while in 348 BCE Philipp II of Macedon annexed the whole Chalcidice into the Macedonian Kingdom. In 168 BCE Chalcidice was subjected by the Romans.

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Byzantine and Ottoman Era The town of Polygyros is first mentioned in a medieval imperial document, chryssovoulon (with golden stamp), of Eastern Roman Emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates about 1080 CE. In 1430, as the rest of the Eastern Roman Empire, Polygyros was conquered by the Ottomans and belonged to the Sanjak of Thessaloniki. On 17 May 1821 the people of Polygyros rose against the Ottoman authority and managed, temporarily, to expel the Ottoman guard. Polygyros, such as other villages of the peninsula, were burned by the Ottomans.

Many residents of Polygyros also took part in the 1854's unsuccessful revolutionary movement against the Ottomans.

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Modern Era Finally, on November 2, 1912 the Greek army, as one of the victors of the First Balkan War, entered Polygyros and incorporated the town in the Greek State.

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Culture Polygyros is famous for its carnival celebrations, which attracts visitors from all over Greece. A nearby location called Panagia (Virgin Mary) is the setting of a famous religious celebration on August 15. Also, cultural societies are active in the fields of folk music and dance. Classic and modern music is cultivated in the municipal conservatory. There is a Folklore Museum in the town, opened in 1998.

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Sport Niki (victory) is the name of Polygyros' football club, which participates in the Greek National Fourth Division Professional League. AOP (Athletic Club of Polygyros) is the local basketball team, participant in the Third National Basketball Division.

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Landmarks The Archaeological Museum of Polygyros has exhibits containing findings from all over Halkidiki and referring to paleolithic and neolithic age, geometric, archaic, classic, hellenistic and Roman period. • Archaeological Museum of Polygyros.

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Athens Time 
Athens Time
Image: Photo by David Tip on Unsplash

Polygyros has a population of over 10,721 people. Polygyros also forms the centre of the wider Chalkidiki District which has a population of over 105,908 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Polygyros see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Polygyros has links with:

🇫🇷 Laval, France
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Polygyros is: -156.567,-40.367

Locations Near: Polygyros 23.4333,40.3667

🇬🇷 Chalkidiki 23.5,40.333 d: 6.8  

🇬🇷 Kalamaria 22.955,40.585 d: 47.2  

🇬🇷 Lagkadas 23.067,40.75 d: 52.7  

🇬🇷 Thessaloniki 22.954,40.624 d: 49.6  

🇬🇷 Salonika 22.933,40.633 d: 51.6  

🇬🇷 Stavroupoli 22.933,40.667 d: 53.8  

🇬🇷 Evosmos 22.9,40.667 d: 56.1  

🇬🇷 Serres 23.557,41.093 d: 81.4  

🇬🇷 Kilkis 22.876,40.994 d: 84.1  

🇬🇷 Katerini 22.5,40.267 d: 79.9  

Antipodal to: Polygyros -156.567,-40.367

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 17389.1  

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 17243.9  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 16805.6  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 16714.9  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 13331.4  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 13222.5  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 13206.1  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 13203.5  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 13203.2  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 13156.8  

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