Odessa, Texas, United States

History | Geography | Economy | Largest employers | Performing arts | Economy : Tourist Industry | Libraries | Sport | Local government | State representation | Federal representation | University of Texas Permian Basin | Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center | Community colleges | Primary and secondary schools | Media | Air and space | Transport : Road

🇺🇸 Odessa is a city in and the county seat of Ector County, Texas, United States. It is located primarily in Ector County, although a small section of the city extends into Midland County. It is the principal city of the Odessa metropolitan statistical area, which includes all of Ector County. The metropolitan area is also a component of the larger Midland-Odessa combined statistical area. Forbes magazine ranked Odessa as the third-fastest-growing small city in the United States.


History Odessa was founded in 1881 as a water stop and cattle-shipping point on the Texas and Pacific Railway. The first post office opened in 1885. Odessa became the county seat of Ector County in 1891 when the county was first organized. It was incorporated as a city in 1927, after oil was discovered in Ector County on the Connell Ranch south-west of Odessa.

Odessa is said to have been named after Odesa, Ukraine, (historically spelled Odessa) because of the local shortgrass prairie's resemblance to Ukraine's steppe landscape.

With the opening of the Penn Field in 1929, and the Cowden Field in 1930, oil became a major draw for new residents. In 1925, the population was just 750; by 1929, it had risen to 5,000. For the rest of the 20th century, the city's population and economy grew rapidly during each of a succession of oil booms (roughly in the 1930s–1950s, 1970s, and 2010s), often with accompanying contractions during the succeeding busts (particularly in the 1960s and 1980s).


Geography Odessa is located along the south-western edge of the Llano Estacado in West Texas. It is situated above the Permian Basin, a large sedimentary deposit that contains significant reserves of oil and natural gas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.0 square miles (114 km²); 43.9 square miles (114 km²) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km²) (0.05%) is covered by water.


Economy Historically, the Odessa economy has been primarily driven by the area's oil industry, booming and busting in response to rises and falls in the crude oil price. Many of the city's largest employers are oil-field supply companies and petrochemical processing companies. In recent decades, city leaders have begun trying to decrease the city's reliance on the energy industry to moderate the boom-bust cycle and develop greater economic sustainability.

Odessa has also taken steps to diversify the energy it produces. A new wind farm has been constructed in northern Ector County. A new coal pollution mitigation plant has been announced for a site previously entered in the Futuregen bidding. The new plant will be run by Summit Power and will be located near Penwell. This new plant could lead to the creation of 8,000 jobs in the area. Plans are in place for a small nuclear reactor called the High-Temperature Teaching and Test Reactor to be run as a test and teaching facility in conjunction with the nuclear engineering department at University of Texas of the Permian Basin. This reactor is planned to be near Andrews.

Odessa's main enclosed shopping mall is Music City Mall, which includes Dillards, JC Penney, At Home, Burlington Coat Factory, an indoor ice skating rink, and CBS News. Construction of new retail in recent years has been concentrated on the city's north-east side. In November 2007, the city approved a contract with a company that develops armaments for US Army helicopters to begin operations in Odessa.


Largest employers As in many municipalities, some of the largest employers are in the education, government, and healthcare industries. Outside of those areas, the city's major employers are concentrated in the oil industry. Among the top employers in the city include: Saulsbury Companies; Ector County Independent School District; Halliburton; Medical Center Hospital; Keane Group; Odessa Regional Medical Center; Walmart; City of Odessa; Weatherford; Ector County.


Performing arts The Midland–Odessa Symphony and Chorale (MOSC) was founded in 1962, and is the region's largest orchestral organization, presenting both pops and masterworks concerts. The MOSC has three resident chamber ensembles: the Lone Star Brass, Permian Basin String Quartet, and West Texas Winds.

The Globe of the Great Southwest, located on the campus of Odessa College, features a replica of William Shakespeare's Globe Theatre. It hosts plays, and features an annual Shakespeare festival. Other theaters include the Ector Theater, built in 1951, and the Permian Playhouse.


Economy: Tourist Industry Odessa's Presidential Museum and Leadership Library, on the campus of the University of Texas of the Permian Basin, is dedicated to the office of the Presidency. It also has displays about the presidents of the Republic of Texas.

Texon Santa Fe Depot honors the old west and its railroads.

The Parker House Museum features the lifestyle of a prominent ranching family in from the early 1900s.

Odessa Meteor Crater, an impact crater 550 feet (170 m) in diameter, is located south-west of the city.

Odessa has 31 jackrabbits statues, as part of an art project launched in 2004.


Libraries • Ector County Library • Murry H. Fly Learning Resource Center • The J. Conrad Dunagan Library


Sport The Odessa Jackalopes, a Tier ll junior ice hockey team plays its home games at Ector County Coliseum. Also home to the Ector County Colisem is the West Texas Warbirds indoor football team and member of the National Arena League. High-school football is held at Ratliff Stadium, which was featured in the movie Friday Night Lights. It is home to the Odessa Bronchos and the Permian Panthers. It is one of the largest high-school stadiums in the state, listed as seventh in capacity within Texas.


Local government Odessa has a council–manager government, with a city council of five councillors (elected from geographic districts) and a mayor (elected at-large). The council appoints and directs other city officials, including the city manager, and sets the city's budget, taxes, and other policies.

In the 2014 fiscal year, the Odessa government had $179.1 million in revenues, $146.3 million in expenditures, $454 million in total assets, and $203 million in total liabilities. The city's major sources of public revenues were fees for services (such as public utilities), sales taxes, and property taxes, and its major expenses were for public safety and for water and sewer service.


State representation The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Odessa District Parole Office in Odessa.


Federal representation The United States Postal Service operates three post offices in Odessa: Odessa, Northeast Odessa, and West Odessa.


University of Texas Permian Basin The University of Texas Permian Basin (UTPB) began in 1973. UTPB was an upper level and graduate university until the Texas Legislature passed a bill in spring 1991 to allow the university to accept freshmen and sophomores. As of 2006, the university was holding discussions with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission about the construction of a new High-Temperature Teaching and Test Reactor, which if successful, would finish licensing and construction around 2012. It would be the first university-based research reactor to be built in the US in roughly a decade, and be one of the few HTGR-type reactors in the world. In January 2006, UTPB's School of Business was awarded accreditation by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business International, which is generally regarded as the premier accreditation agency for the world's business schools. According to the university, only 30% of business schools in the United States, and 15% of world business schools, have received AACSB accreditation.


Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Permian Basin Campus opened as a school of medicine in 1979, beginning in the basement of Medical Center Hospital. Since 1994, TTUHSC Permian Basin has included a school of allied health, offering a master's degree in physical therapy. Also, on the campus of Midland College, it offers a physician-assistant program. Additionally, TTUHSC Permian Basin includes a school of nursing focusing on primary care and rural health. In June 1999, the Texas Tech Health Center opened as a clinic, providing increased access to primary and specialized health care for the Permian Basin. Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Permian Basin also operates 21 WIC clinics located in nearby small communities.


Community colleges Odessa College is a public, two-year college based in Odessa, serving the people of Ector County and the Permian Basin. It opened in 1952 and currently enrolls about 6,000 annually in its university-parallel and occupational/technical courses, and 11,000 students annually in its basic education, continuing education, and community recreation courses.

Odessa College serves most of Midland, as in the parts in Ector County. Parts in Midland County are assigned to Midland College.


Primary and secondary schools The Ector County Independent School District serves portions of Odessa in Ector County (the vast majority of the city). ECISD was established in 1921, in a consolidation of seven area schools. The district now contains 38 campuses. It administers these high schools: Permian High School, Odessa High School, George H. W. Bush New Tech Odessa, OC Techs at Odessa College and Odessa Collegiate Academy, also at Odessa College.

The portion of Odessa in Midland County is zoned to the Midland Independent School District.

Odessa's private schools include Montessori Mastery School of Odessa, Latter Rain Christian School, Odessa Christian School, Permian Basin Christian School, Faith Community Christian Academy, St. John's Episcopal School, St. Mary's Central Catholic School (of the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Angelo, Rainey School of Montessori, Sherwood Christian Academy, and Zion Christian Academy. Odessa is also home to five charter schools: Compass Academy Charter School, UTPB STEM Academy, Harmony Science Academy-Odessa, Embassy Academy, and Richard Milburn Academy-Odessa.


Media The city's main daily newspaper is the Odessa American.


Air and space • Odessa is served by Midland International Air and Space Port (ICAO code: KMAF, IATA code: MAF), which is located halfway between Odessa and Midland. • Odessa-Schlemeyer Field (ICAO code: KODO, IATA code: ODO) is a general aviation airport located on Odessa's north-east side.

Midland International Airport is served by: • American Airlines and American Eagle partner airlines • Southwest Airlines • United Airlines and United Express partner airlines

Midland Spaceport is not currently served by any commercial space companies.


Transport: Road • I-20 (Interstate 20) • I-20 BL (2nd Street) • US 385 (Andrews Highway / Grant Avenue) • SH 191 (42nd Street) • Spur 450 (Kermit Highway) • Spur 588 (Faudree Road) • Loop 338 • FM 1882 (County Road West) • FM 2020 (University Boulevard).

Image: Adobe Stock Felix Mizioznikov #218780112

Odessa has a population of over 123,334 people. Odessa also forms the centre of the wider Odessa metropolitan area which has a population of over 140,111 people. It is also a part of the larger Midland-Odessa area.

To set up a UBI Lab for Odessa see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Odessa is: 77.625,-31.85

Locations Near: Odessa -102.375,31.8495

🇺🇸 Midland -102.078,31.997 d: 32.5  

🇺🇸 Lubbock -101.858,33.577 d: 198.1  

🇺🇸 Carlsbad -104.233,32.4 d: 185.4  

🇺🇸 San Angelo -100.45,31.443 d: 187.7  

🇺🇸 Abilene -99.743,32.459 d: 256.9  

🇲🇽 Ciudad Acuña -100.917,29.317 d: 314.3  

🇺🇸 Amarillo -101.84,35.203 d: 376.1  

🇲🇽 Piedras Negras -100.517,28.7 d: 393  

🇺🇸 Eagle Pass -100.489,28.711 d: 393.2  

🇺🇸 Alamogordo -105.95,32.9 d: 355.4  

Antipodal to: Odessa 77.625,-31.85

🇲🇺 Port Mathurin 63.417,-19.683 d: 18055.6  

🇲🇺 Mahébourg 57.7,-20.407 d: 17660.3  

🇲🇺 Centre de Flacq 57.718,-20.2 d: 17647.9  

🇲🇺 Curepipe 57.517,-20.317 d: 17639  

🇲🇺 Vacoas-Phoenix 57.493,-20.3 d: 17635.9  

🇲🇺 Rivière du Rempart 57.633,-20.05 d: 17630.8  

🇲🇺 Goodlands 57.633,-20.033 d: 17629.7  

🇲🇺 St Pierre 57.517,-20.217 d: 17632.3  

🇲🇺 Quatre Bornes 57.479,-20.266 d: 17632.4  

🇲🇺 Moka 57.496,-20.219 d: 17630.7  

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