Monte Cristi, The Dominican Republic

History | Transport : Air | Culture

🇩🇴 :DR: San Fernando de Monte Cristi, also known as Montecristi, is the capital town of Monte Cristi Province in the Dominican Republic. It is located in the north-west region of the country in a coastal area above the border with Haiti.

The town was at the forefront in many of the advances including the first aqueduct, first railroad and telephone in the island. In 1895, it was the site of the signing of the Manifesto of Montecristi by Máximo Gómez and José Martí, at the Gómez home on Mella St. They sailed from "La Granja" beach, also in Montecristi, to Cuba to fight for its independence.

History Monte Cristi was officially founded by Nicolás de Ovando in 1506 and populated in 1533 by Juan de Bolaños and 63 families from the Canary Islands. The existence of mineral wealth was the incentive to the increase of the Spanish settlement. Years later, in 1545, another family contingent joined and expanded the town. Agriculture and cattle raising were the two main activities of these first settlers of Montecristi. Despite the fact that that town was located in the middle of two sugarcane-producing villages, such as Puerto Plata and Puerto Real, that activity had no significance in Montecristi.

During the 17th century Montecristi was a hotbed of pirate activity in the Caribbean. In 1756 the city became a prosperous trading centre, until the early 20th century. Towards 1740 the island of Santo Domingo had undergone a substantial change. In the western part of the island, the French had established a separate colony. This signaled the beginnings of a development process for the Spanish colony, which had remained outside the commercial currents for little more than a century.

In this vein, the Spanish authorities had begun around 1684 a settlement program with families of Canarian origin, with which they gradually repopulated certain places considered strategic to contain the French advance on the island. One of those was Montecristi, and its new foundation began in 1751. On this occasion, they thought not only about the convenience of establishing a living border, but also about taking advantage of the facilities offered by its port for the development of international trade.

In 1756 the ports of Montecristi and Puerto Plata were declared free for ten years, which had a positive impact on community development. By 1785 the population of the town had expanded considerably, if data noted by Antonio Sánchez Valverde in his book Idea about the value of the Spanish island are taken into account, which establishes some 5,550 inhabitants distributed between Puerto Plata and Montecristi.

In 1895, it was the site of the signing of the Manifesto of Montecristi by Máximo Gómez and José Martí, at the Gómez home on Mella St. They sailed from "La Granja" beach, also in Monte Cristi, to Cuba to fight for its independence.

Santiago-born educator and feminist Rosa Smester Marrero moved to Monte Cristi in 1913, becoming a teacher of the Higher Normal School of Montecristi and directing the Higher School of Ladies of Montecristi.

Transport: Air Osvaldo Virgil Airport is an airport in the Dominican Republic. It serves the city and province of Monte Cristi, in the north of the country. It was out of service for a long time and was put into operation in 2007 after being remodeled by the DA (Airport Department). He was named Osvaldo Virgil, the first Dominican baseball player in the Major Leagues, born in Monte Cristi. Its track and facilities were built under the direction of Montecristeño engineer Manuel Isidor.

Culture Within the traditions of the province, the patron saint festivities of San Fernando stand out, which are celebrated every May 30 with religious acts, as well as sporting events, dances, bag runs, a fishing tournament, etc.

Also the celebration of the day of San Juan Bautista, on June 24 and the Carnival of the Bulls, events that are very crowded. One of its main cultural heritages is the first pyramid of territorial division between the Dominican Republic and Haiti.

Santo Domingo Time 
Santo Domingo Time
Image: Photo by Haniel Espinal on Unsplash

Monte Cristi has a population of over 42,657 people. Monte Cristi also forms the centre of the wider Monte Cristi Province which has a population of over 150,833 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Monte Cristi see: Twitter:

Monte Cristi is a member of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network for Craft and Folk Art see:

Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Monte Cristi is: 108.35,-19.867

Locations Near: Monte Cristi -71.65,19.8667

🇭🇹 Trou-du-Nord -72.017,19.633 d: 46.3  

🇭🇹 Cap-Haïtien -72.199,19.759 d: 58.6  

🇭🇹 Borgne -72.533,19.85 d: 92.4  

🇩🇴 Puerto Plata -70.683,19.8 d: 101.4  

🇩🇴 San Felipe de Puerto Plata -70.683,19.8 d: 101.4  

🇩🇴 Santiago -70.704,19.461 d: 108.8  

🇩🇴 Santiago de los Caballeros -70.695,19.459 d: 109.8  

🇩🇴 Sosúa -70.517,19.75 d: 119.3  

🇭🇹 Port-de-Paix -72.833,19.95 d: 124.1  

🇩🇴 Jarabacoa -70.638,19.12 d: 134.8  

Antipodal to: Monte Cristi 108.35,-19.867

🇮🇩 Cilacap 109,-7.733 d: 18664.1  

🇮🇩 Yogyakarta 110.35,-7.8 d: 18656.1  

🇮🇩 Purworejo 110.03,-7.722 d: 18652.6  

🇮🇩 Kebumen 109.661,-7.671 d: 18651.6  

🇮🇩 Sleman 110.357,-7.72 d: 18647.2  

🇮🇩 Tulungagung 111.9,-8.067 d: 18648.4  

🇮🇩 Ponorogo 111.45,-7.867 d: 18639.6  

🇮🇩 Sukoharjo 110.833,-7.683 d: 18634.2  

🇮🇩 Klaten 110.633,-7.633 d: 18632.7  

🇮🇩 Kepanjen 112.561,-8.132 d: 18633.7  

Bing Map

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