Kruševac, Rasina District, Šumadija and Western Serbia Region, Serbia

History | Settlements | Economy

🇷🇸 Kruševac (Крушевац, Alacahisar or Kruşevca) is a city and the administrative centre of the Rasina District in central Serbia. It is located in the valley of West Morava, on Rasina river.

The city was founded in 1371, by Prince Lazar of Serbia (1371–1389), who used it as his seat.

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History Kruševac was founded in 1371, as a fortified town in the possession of Lord Lazar Hrebeljanović. The Lazarica Church (or Church of St, Stephen) was built by Lazar between 1375–78, in the Morava architectural style. It is mentioned in one of Lazar's edicts in 1387, as his seat, when he affirmed the rights of Venetian merchants on Serbian territory. In preparation for the Battle of Kosovo (1389) against the Ottoman Empire, the Serbian army assembled in the city. The site of Lazar's palace is marked by a ruined enclosure containing a fragment of the tower of his spouse Princess Milica, and, according to legend, tidings of the defeat were brought to her by crows from the battlefield. After the battle, the city was held by Princess Milica as her seat. The little that remains of Lazar's city is the Kruševac Fortress, which was declared a Cultural Monument of Exceptional Importance in 1979. Several old Ottoman houses were left at the beginning of the 20th century, besides an old Turkish fountain and bath, which was known as Alacahisar (Aladža Hisar) during Ottoman rule between 1427–1833 (nominally to 1867) when Kruševac was the seat of the Sanjak of Kruševac. The Ottoman rule was interrupted during Austrian occupations between 1688–1690 and 1717–1739.

A large monument dedicated to Serbs fallen at the Battle of Kosovo was sculpted by Đorđe Jovanović and unveiled by King Petar I Karađorđević of Serbia in 1904. A detail on the monument, among others, is a statue of the famous blind Serbian poet Filip Višnjić.

At the beginning of the German occupation of Yugoslavia the units of Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland commanded by Dragutin Keserović and supported by one detachment of communists attacked the German garrison in September 1941 but failed to liberate the town after four days battle. During World War II mass executions of patriots and antifascists occurred on hill Bagdala. Largest execution was in summer of 1943. At place of executions now is a monument named Slobodište (from the Serbian word "sloboda", which means 'freedom'). Kruševac was liberated on 14 October when chetnik collaborators and Germans left the city together. After the regime of communists in Serbia ended the Government of Serbia and its Ministry of Justice established the commission to research atrocities that were committed by members of the Yugoslav Partisan Movement after they gained control over Serbia in Autumn 1944. According to the report of this commission, out of 55,554 registered victims of communist purges in Serbia the new communist regime in Kruševac killed 493 people while 11 people are missing.

Kruševac progressed profusely during the SFRY. A large number of factories were built in that era, while Kruševac became one of the strongest industrial centres in both Serbia and Yugoslavia. The machine factory IMK 14. oktobar Kruševac employed around 7,000 workers.

However, the large Kruševac industry hasn't survived the post-Milošević transition. In 2002 alone 5 factories went bankrupt. From 2002 to 2014 27 factories closed and around 11,000 workers lost their jobs. The unemployment rate in Kruševac was almost 39% in 2015.

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Settlements Aside from the urban area of Kruševac, the city administrative area includes the following 100 settlements: • Bošnjanе • Begovo Brdo • Bela Voda • Belasica • Bivolje • Bovan • Bojince • Boljevac • Brajkovac • Bukovica • Buci • Velika Kruševica • Velika Lomnica • Veliki Kupci • Veliki Šiljegovac • Veliko Golovode • Veliko Krušince • Vitanovac • Vratare • Vučak • Gavez • Gaglovo • Gari • Globare • Globoder • Gornji Stepoš • Grevci • Grkljane • Dvorane • Dedina • Dobromir • Doljane • Donji Stepoš • Đunis • Žabare • Zdravinje • Zebica • Zubovac • Jablanica • Jasika • Jošje • Kamenare • Kaonik • Kapidžija • Kobilje • Komorane • Konjuh • Koševi • Krvavica • Kukljin • Lazarevac • Lazarica • Lipovac • Lovci • Lukavac • Ljubava • Majdevo • Makrešane • Mala Vrbnica • Mala Reka • Mali Kupci • Mali Šiljegovac • Malo Golovode • Malo Krušince • Mačkovac • Meševo • Modrica • Mudrakovac • Naupare • Padež • Pakašnica • Parunovac • Pasjak • Pepeljevac • Petina • Pozlata • Poljaci • Ribare • Ribarska Banja • Rlica • Rosica • Sebečevac • Sezemče • Slatina • Srndalje • Srnje • Stanci • Suvaja • Sušica • Tekija • Trebotin • Trmčare • Ćelije • Cerova • Crkvina • Čitluk • Šavrane • Šanac • Šašilovac • Šogolj • Štitare.

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Economy The most notable large companies based in the city of Kruševac are: Trayal Corporation, 14. oktobar, Rubin and Cooper Tire & Rubber Company Serbia. As of September 2017, Kruševac has one of 14 free economic zones established in Serbia.

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Europe/Belgrade/Rasina 
<b>Europe/Belgrade/Rasina</b>
Image: Falk2

Kruševac has a population of over 73,316 people. Kruševac also forms the centre of the wider Kruševac metropolitan area which has a population of over 128,752 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Kruševac see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Kruševac has links with:

🇧🇦 Bijeljina, Bosnia and Herzegovina 🇬🇷 Corfu, Greece 🇧🇦 Istočno Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 🇮🇱 Kiryat Gat, Israel 🇧🇾 Novopolotsk, Belarus 🇷🇺 Odintsovo, Russia 🇮🇹 Pistoia, Italy 🇷🇴 Râmnicu Vâlcea, Romania 🇷🇺 Ryazan, Russia 🇧🇬 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria 🇭🇺 Szentendre, Hungary 🇧🇦 Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina 🇭🇷 Trogir, Croatia 🇷🇺 Volgograd, Russia 🇸🇮 Žalec, Slovenia
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Kruševac is: -158.683,-43.567

Locations Near: Kruševac 21.3167,43.5667

🇷🇸 Jagodina 21.257,43.981 d: 46.3  

🇷🇸 Prokuplje 21.583,43.233 d: 42.9  

🇷🇸 Kragujevac 20.927,44.013 d: 58.6  

🇷🇸 Niš 21.91,43.32 d: 55.2  

🇷🇸 Kraljevo 20.683,43.717 d: 53.6  

🇽🇰 Podujeva 21.2,42.917 d: 72.9  

🇷🇸 Raška 20.6,43.283 d: 65.9  

🇽🇰 Kosovska Mitrovica 20.867,42.883 d: 84.3  

🇽🇰 Mitrovica 20.867,42.883 d: 84.3  

🇷🇸 Leskovac 21.95,43 d: 81.2  

Antipodal to: Kruševac -158.683,-43.567

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 16996.5  

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 17089.4  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 16563.3  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 16481.5  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 12967.8  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 12863.1  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 12847.2  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 12844.1  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 12844  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 12801.7  

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