Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom

Economy | Transport : Rail : Road | Buses

๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ Kirkcaldy is a town and former royal burgh in Fife, on the east coast of Scotland. It is about 11.6 miles north of Edinburgh and 27.6 miles south-south-west of Dundee. The town is Fife's second-largest settlement and the 12th most populous settlement in Scotland.

Kirkcaldy has long been nicknamed the Lang Toun ("long town") in reference to the early town's 0.9-mile (1.4ย km) main street, as indicated on maps from the 16th and 17thย centuries. The street would finally reach a length of nearly 4 miles (6.4ย km), connecting the burgh to the neighbouring settlements of Linktown, Pathhead, Sinclairtown and Gallatown, which became part of the town in 1876. The formerly separate burgh of Dysart was also later absorbed into Kirkcaldy in 1930 under an act of Parliament.

The area around Kirkcaldy has been inhabited since the Bronze Age. The first document to refer to the town is from 1075, when Malcolm III granted the settlement to the church of Dunfermline. David I later gave the burgh to Dunfermline Abbey, which had succeeded the church: a status which was officially recognised by Robert I in 1327. The town only gained its independence from Abbey rule when it was created a royal burgh by Charles I in 1644.

From the early 16th century, the establishment of a harbour at the East Burn confirmed the town's early role as an important trading port. The town also began to develop around the salt, coal mining and nail making industries. The production of linen which followed in 1672 was later instrumental in the introduction of floorcloth in 1847 by linen manufacturer, Michael Nairn. In 1877 this in turn contributed to linoleum, which became the town's most successful industry: Kirkcaldy was a world producer until well into the mid-1960s. The town expanded considerably in the 1950s and 1960s, though the decline of the linoleum industry and other manufacturing restricted its growth thereafter.

Today, the town is a major service centre for the central Fife area. Public facilities include a main leisure centre, theatre, museum and art gallery, three public parks and an ice rink. Kirkcaldy is also known as the birthplace of social philosopher and economist Adam Smith who wrote his magnum opus The Wealth of Nations in the town. In the early 21st century, employment is dominated by the service sector: the biggest employer in the town is PayWizard, formerly known as MGT plc (call centre). Other main employers include NHS Fife, Forbo (linoleum and vinyl floor coverings), Fife College, Whitworths (flour millers) and Smith Anderson (paper making).

Economy The first industries to develop in the town were coal mining and salt panning, which date back to the early 16th century. Early manufacturing both in Kirkcaldy and neighbouring Pathhead consisted of coarse cloth and nailmaking; the latter of which went to the Royal Master of Works for repairs at Holyrood Palace until the 17th century. Linen weaving, which began in 1672, became important to the town, with yarn imported from Hamburg and Bremen. The pottery industry, which was originally established in 1714 as an offshoot of the Linktown Brick and Tile Works, was centred around Linktown, Gallatown and Sinclairtown. The Fife Pottery, built by Andrew and Archibald Grey in 1817, produced Wemyss Ware, named after the family who owned Wemyss Castle.

The production of heavy canvas was started in 1828 by Michael Nairn at a small factory. Influenced by a visit to Bristol, Nairn started to make floorcloth at his new factory at Pathhead in 1847, where his company pioneered the use of ovens to season the floorcloth and reduce production times. When the patent belonging to Frederick Walton expired, Nairn's were able to manufacture linoleum from 1877 onwards. Other factories producing floorcloth and later linoleum were established by former employees of Michael Nairn.

Approximately 22,200 people work in the Kirkcaldy area, the majority of which are in Kirkcaldy itself and to a lesser degree in Burntisland. This represents approximately 13.6% of the 163,000 jobs in Fife. The local economy is dominated by service sector businesses. Other important economic sectors in the Kirkcaldy area are retailing and construction with moderate levels of jobs in financial and business services. The largest employer in the town is MGt plc. Other important local employers include NHS Fife, Forbo (vinyl floor coverings), Fife College (education), Whitworths Holdings (flour millers) and Smith Anderson (paper making).

The principal industrial and business estates include Mitchleston, Randolph, Hayfield, and John Smith Business Park. Local industrial activity has also increased with the reopening in 2011 of Kirkcaldy Harbour to cargo ships. This has been facilitated through a partnership between Forth Ports Ltd (the owners of the harbour), Hutchison's parent company of Carr's Flour Mills, and Transport Scotland, who provided a freight facilities grant of over ยฃ800,000. The work included new silos and conveyors to allow fast delivery from coastal ships.

Kirkcaldy's town centre, which serves a large catchment area of around 130,000 residents within a 20-minute drive, is the largest in Fife in terms of retail floor space. Eligible businesses voted in favour of a BID (Business Improvement District) scheme for the town centre in 2010. The High Street, which runs parallel to the Esplanade, is home to the Mercat Shopping Centre. A regeneration programme to upgrade the appearance of the High Street was completed in late 2011. A separate project has also created a 'green corridor' to link the main railway station and bus station with the High Street. The budget for the entire project was ยฃ4ย million, ยฃ2ย million of which was provided through the Scottish Government's Town Centre Regeneration Fund.

An out-of-town retail park constructed in 1997 north-west of the town on Chapel Level, off the A92 is home to a number of warehouse retailers. The retail park was purchased by Hammerson, a London-based property developer for ยฃ75 million in April 2005.

Transport: Rail Kirkcaldy railway station is to the north-west of the town centre and is on the route for the Fife Circle Line and the East Coast Main Line.

Other services run to locations such as Aberdeen and Inverness to the north, and south as far as London King's Cross and Penzance. Nearby stations such as Burntisland and Kinghorn are to the south and west of the town.

Transport: Road The A92, which connects Dunfermline to the west with Glenrothes and Dundee to the north, passes immediately north of Kirkcaldy. The A910 road connects it to the western and central parts of the town. At Redhouse roundabout, the A921 connects the A92 to the eastern side of Kirkcaldy. It continues via St Clair Street and The Esplanade on to Kinghorn, Burntisland, and Aberdour to the south-west. The main route through the north of the town, the B981, runs roughly parallel to and one kilometre to the south of the A92. This road also connects to the A910 and the A921, from Chapel Junction via Chapel Level and Dunnikier Way to Gallatown. From here the A915, known locally as the Standing Stane Road, connects the town to St Andrews and Leven to the north-east. The A955 runs along the coast from Dysart to East Wemyss and Buckhaven to the north-east.

Buses The main bus station, adjacent to the Postings Shopping Centre, is located between Hill Place and Hunter Street.

Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom 
<b>Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom</b>
Image: kilnburn

Kirkcaldy has a population of over 49,460 people. Kirkcaldy also forms one of the centres of the wider Fife county which has a population of over 371,910 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Kirkcaldy see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Kirkcaldy has links with:

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Fergus Falls, USA ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Ingolstadt, Germany
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

  • James Bow Dunn |

    ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ Architect James Bow Dunn is associated with Kirkcaldy. He was also a member of the Edinburgh Architectural Association and its President in 1910-11.

  • Campbell Douglas |

    ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ Architect Campbell Douglas is associated with Kirkcaldy. He was three times President of the Glasgow Architectural Association.

  • Robert Adam |

    ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ Architect/Furniture Designer/Interior Decorator Robert Adam is associated with Kirkcaldy. He was acknowledged as the leading architect in Britain in the 1750s and the 1780s.

  • David Thomson |

    ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ Architect David Thomson is associated with Kirkcaldy. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects (FRIBA) in 1920.ย 

  • Larmont Douglas Penman |

    ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ Architect Larmont Douglas Penman is associated with Kirkcaldy. Penman was elected a Licentiate of the Royal Institute of British Architects (LRIBA) in 1912.

  • David Bateman Hutton |

    ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ Architect David Bateman Hutton is associated with Kirkcaldy. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects (FRIBA) in 1915.

  • Robert Lutyens |

    ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ Interior Designer/Architect/Painter Robert Lutyens is associated with Kirkcaldy. He was the son of the architect Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens.

Antipodal to Kirkcaldy is: 176.837,-56.145

Antipodal to: Kirkcaldy 176.837,-56.145

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Dunedin 170.474,-45.884 d: 18791.6  

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Invercargill 168.373,-46.413 d: 18785.2  

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Christchurch 172.617,-43.517 d: 18579.3  

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Canterbury 171.58,-43.543 d: 18565.1  

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Queenstown 168.658,-45.033 d: 18653.4  

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Wellington 174.767,-41.283 d: 18355.8  

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Hutt 174.917,-41.217 d: 18349.3  

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Lower Hutt 174.917,-41.217 d: 18349.3  

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Upper Hutt 175.05,-41.133 d: 18340.9  

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Porirua 174.84,-41.131 d: 18339.4  

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