Irving, Texas, United States

History | Geography | Developments | Economy | Subsidiaries of foreign companies | Education : Universities | Transport

🇺🇸 Irving is a city in the U.S. state of Texas. Located in Dallas County, it is also an inner ring suburb of Dallas. The city of Irving is part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. The city population is the thirteenth-most populous city in Texas, and 93rd most populous city in the U.S. Irving is noted for its racial and ethnic diversity, and has been ranked as one of the most diverse cities in the United States. Irving includes the Las Colinas mixed-use master-planned community and part of the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.


History Irving was founded in 1903 by J.O. "Otto" Schulze and Otis Brown. It is believed literary author Washington Irving was a favorite of Netta Barcus Brown, and consequently the name of the town site, Irving, was chosen. Irving began in 1889 as an area called Gorbit, and in 1894 the name changed to Kit. Irving was incorporated April 14, 1914, with Otis Brown as the first mayor.

By the late nineteenth century the Irving area was the site of churches, two cotton gins, a blacksmith shop and a general store. The Irving district public school system dates to the 1909 establishment of Kit and Lively schools. Population growth was slow and sometimes halting, with only 357 residents in 1925, but a significant increase began in the 1930s.

By the early 1960s the city had a population of approximately 45,000. A number of manufacturing plants operated in Irving, along with transportation, retail and financial businesses. The University of Dallas in Irving opened in 1956, and Texas Stadium was completed in 1971 as the home field of the Dallas Cowboys. The Chateau Theater opened in 1964 as part of a chain of premium, dollar, and drive-in theaters that stretched across North Texas and Oklahoma.

Delta Air Lines Flight 191 crashed in Irving on August 2, 1985.

Irving's population reached 155,037 in 1990 and the United States Census Bureau estimated 236,607 residents in 2016, a 3.5 percent population increase over 2013 census estimates.

In 2000, an Oshman's Sporting Goods store was robbed by the "Texas Seven". In 2011, the Irving Convention Center at Las Colinas opened. Four years later high-school student Ahmed Mohamed was the subject of a hoax bomb incident which ignited allegations of racial profiling and Islamophobia from many media and commentators.

In 2019, Irving completed its construction of an entertainment district in Las Colinas with the opening of the Westin Irving Convention Center Hotel. The entertainment district also includes the Irving Convention Center at Las Colinas and the Toyota Music Factory, an entertainment complex with numerous restaurants, an Alamo Drafthouse Cinema, the Texas Lottery Plaza open-air performance stage and the Pavilion at the Toyota Music Factory concert venue.

On May 8, 2020, the city's local poultry plant run by Westfield, Wisconsin-based Brakebush Bros. Inc reported 40 cases of COVID-19 among its workers during the 2019–2020 coronavirus pandemic.


Geography According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 67.7 square miles (175 km²), of which 67.2 square miles (174 km²) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²) (0.65%) is water.


Developments Irving includes the Las Colinas planned community, a mixed-use development with a land area of more than 12,000 acres (4,856 ha) that is home to many Fortune 500 companies and the Las Colinas Entertainment District. It also includes part of the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.


Economy According to the city's 2017–2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's top employers are: 1 Citigroup, Inc.; 2 Caterpillar Inc; 3 Verizon Communications; 4 Irving Mall; 5 DFW International Airport; 6 Allstate Insurance; 7 Pioneer Natural Resources; 8 Microsoft; 9 Neiman Marcus Direct; 10 Health Management Systems (HMS); 11 7-Eleven.

Several large businesses have headquarters in Irving, including Nexstar Media Group, Aeroxchange, Caliber Home Loans, Nautilus Hyosung America, Inc., Chuck E. Cheese, Cicis, Commercial Metals, Envoy Air (formerly American Eagle), ExxonMobil, Gruma, H.D. Vest, Kimberly-Clark, La Quinta Inns and Suites, Michaels Stores, 7-Eleven, Southern Star Concrete, Inc., Stellar, a global contact centre provider, Zale Corporation, Fluor Corporation, Flowserve, NCH Corporation, ITW Polymers Sealants North America, Celanese Corporation, a leading producer of specialty chemicals, Vistra Energy and its subsidiary TXU Energy, and LXI Enterprise Storage. In 2022 ExxonMobil announced it would move its headquarters to Harris County, Texas.

The city is also home to the national headquarters of the Boy Scouts of America.


Subsidiaries of foreign companies The headquarters of Nokia America and NEC Corporation of America are in Irving. The American headquarters of BlackBerry was in Irving.

Irving is also the Headquarters of OSG USA INC., which is the North American Subsidiary of OSG Corporation in Japan. OSG is a leading provider of high end cutting tools used in industries such as automotive and aerospace.


Education: Universities The city is the site of the University of Dallas and North Lake College, a campus of Dallas College. In addition, DeVry University has a campus in Irving.


Transport Several highways transverse Irving. The Airport Freeway, SH 183, runs east–west in the city centre, while LBJ Freeway or I-635 crosses the city's northern edge in the same direction. John Carpenter Freeway, SH 114, and the President George Bush Turnpike create an X running northwest-to-southeast and southwest-to-northeast respectively. The Las Colinas area is centered near the intersection of 114 and the Bush turnpike.

Irving is one of 13 member-cities of the Dallas region's transit agency, Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART). Currently, Irving is served by numerous bus routes and has two stops along the Trinity Railway Express commuter rail route.[06] In addition, DART's Orange Line through runs through Irving and Las Colinas to DFW Airport.[07] This connects northern Irving with Dallas through rail in addition to bus routes.

In 2015, 4.5 percent of Irving households lacked a car, which increased to 4.9 percent in 2016. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Irving averaged 1.75 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8 per household.[08]

The Las Colinas Urban Center is served by the Las Colinas APT System,[09] a people-mover that connects businesses and entertainment areas.

Irving, Texas, United States 
<b>Irving, Texas, United States</b>
Image: Adobe Stock trongnguyen #242851278

Irving has a population of over 239,798 people. Irving also forms one of the centres of the wider Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metropolitan area which has a population of over 7,573,136 people. Irving is the #407 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 1.5842 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores.

To set up a UBI Lab for Irving see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Irving has links with:

🇫🇷 Boulogne-Billancourt, France 🇲🇳 Darkhan, Mongolia 🇫🇮 Espoo, Finland 🇲🇽 León, Mexico 🇮🇹 Marino, Italy 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Merton, England
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | Hipster Index

Antipodal to Irving is: 83.045,-32.824

Locations Near: Irving -96.9547,32.8235

🇺🇸 Grand Prairie -96.994,32.742 d: 9.7  

🇺🇸 Carrollton -96.89,32.961 d: 16.4  

🇺🇸 Arlington -97.079,32.731 d: 15.5  

🇺🇸 Dallas -96.8,32.767 d: 15.8  

🇺🇸 Grapevine -97.078,32.939 d: 17.3  

🇺🇸 Lewisville -97.011,33.044 d: 25  

🇺🇸 DeSoto -96.859,32.599 d: 26.5  

🇺🇸 Flower Mound -97.076,33.039 d: 26.5  

🇺🇸 Richardson -96.729,32.955 d: 25.7  

🇺🇸 North Richland Hills -97.229,32.84 d: 25.7  

Antipodal to: Irving 83.045,-32.824

🇲🇺 Port Mathurin 63.417,-19.683 d: 17579.9  

🇲🇺 Mahébourg 57.7,-20.407 d: 17153.3  

🇲🇺 Centre de Flacq 57.718,-20.2 d: 17141.9  

🇲🇺 Curepipe 57.517,-20.317 d: 17131.8  

🇲🇺 Rivière du Rempart 57.633,-20.05 d: 17125.2  

🇲🇺 Goodlands 57.633,-20.033 d: 17124.1  

🇲🇺 Vacoas-Phoenix 57.493,-20.3 d: 17128.7  

🇲🇺 St Pierre 57.517,-20.217 d: 17125.6  

🇲🇺 Quatre Bornes 57.479,-20.266 d: 17125.4  

🇲🇺 Moka 57.496,-20.219 d: 17124  

Bing Map

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