🇦🇺 Hobart is the capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. Home to almost half of all Tasmanians, it is the least populated Australian state capital city. Hobart is located in Tasmania's south-east on the estuary of the River Derwent. Its skyline is dominated by the 1,271-metre kunanyi/Mount Wellington, and its harbour forms the second-deepest natural port in the world, with much of the city's waterfront consisting of reclaimed land. The metropolitan area is often referred to as Greater Hobart, to differentiate it from the City of Hobart, one of the five local government areas that cover the city. It has a mild maritime climate with tempered summers and moderated winters. Hobart has over 14,702 businesses.
Economy Shipping is significant to the city's economy. Hobart is the home port for the Antarctic activities of Australia and France. The port loads around 2,000 tonnes of Antarctic cargo a year for the Australian research vessel Aurora Australis. The city is also a popular cruise ship destination during the summer months, with 47 such ships docking during the course of an average season.
The city also supports many other industries. Major local employers include catamaran builder Incat, zinc refinery Nyrstar, Cascade Brewery and Cadbury's Chocolate Factory, Norske Skog and Wrest Point Casino. The city also supports a host of light industry manufacturers, as well as a range of redevelopment projects.
Tourism is a significant part of the economy, with visitors coming to the city to explore its historic inner suburbs and nationally acclaimed restaurants and cafes, as well as its vibrant music and nightlife culture. The two major draw-cards are the weekly market in Salamanca Place, and the Museum of Old and New Art. The city is also used as a base from which to explore the rest of Tasmania.
Hobart's wine industry is thriving with many vineyards in countryside areas outside of the city in the Coal River Wine Region and D'Entrecasteaux Channel, including Moorilla Estate at Berriedale one of the most awarded vineyards in Australia.
Antarctic gateway Hobart is an Antarctic gateway city, with geographical proximity to East Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. Infrastructure is provided by the port of Hobart for scientific research and cruise ships, and Hobart International Airport supports an Antarctic Airlink to Wilkins Runway at Casey Station. Hobart is a logistics point for the French icebreaker L'Astrolabe.
Hobart is the home port for the Australian and French Antarctic programs, and provides port services for other visiting Antarctic nations and Antarctic cruise ships. Antarctic and Southern Ocean expeditions are supported by a specialist cluster offering cold climate products, services and scientific expertise. The majority of these businesses and organisations are members of the Tasmanian polar network, supported in part by the Tasmanian State Government.
Tasmania has a high concentration of Antarctic and Southern Ocean scientists. Hobart is home to the following Antarctic and Southern Ocean scientific institutions: • Australian Antarctic Division • Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) • Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels (ACAP) • The University of Tasmania (UTAS) – expertise in Antarctic and Southern Ocean science and research • Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS) (established by UTAS) • Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS) • Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre (ACE-CRC) • International Antarctic Institute (IAI) (hosted by UTAS) • Southern Ocean Observing System (hosted by UTAS/ IMAS) • CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research.
Tourist Industry Hobart serves as a focal point and mecca for tourism in the state of Tasmania. Hobart has been a significant tourist destination for many years, however tourism has evolved to a core industry in the last decade. This process has been termed the "MONA Effect" - referring to the significant influence of the Museum of New and Old Art (MONA), the Southern Hemisphere's largest private museum, on the local tourist economy - compared to the effect of the Guggenheim on Bilbao. Since opening in 2011, MONA had received 2.5 million visitors by 2022 and has helped establish a number of art and food venues and events, including MONA FOMA, and the winter festivals of Mid-Winter Fest and Dark Mofo. 27% of visitors to Tasmania visit the museum.
In 2016, Hobart received 1.8 million visitors, surpassing both Perth and Canberra, tying equally with Brisbane. Visitor numbers reached a low of 744,200 in 2021, primarily as a result of the Covid-19 Pandemic, with expectations that numbers would return to normal by 2023.
Many local tourist attractions focuses on the convict history of Hobart, the city's historic architecture, art experiences, and food and alcohol experiences. Hobart is home to a significant number of nationally known restaurants, boutique alcohol producers, including Sullivans Cove Wiskey, which won world's best single malt in 2014, boutique hotels, and art experiences. Other significant tourist attractions include Australia's second oldest botanic gardens, the Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens, which holds extensive significant plant collections, a range of public and private museums including the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, and kunanyi/Mount Wellington, one of the dominant features of Hobart's skyline. At 1,271 metres (4,170 ft), the mountain has its own ecosystems, is rich in biodiversity and plays a large part in determining the local weather.
Hobart is rated Sufficiency by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Sufficiency level cities are cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be overly dependent on world cities.
Hobart was ranked #340 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Hobart has a population of over 226,884 people. Hobart also forms part of the Greater Hobart metropolitan area which has a population of over 246,970 people. It is also a part of the larger Tasmania State. Hobart is the #138 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 4.0076 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores. Hobart is ranked #439 for startups with a score of 0.461.
Hobart is a member of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network for Literature see: https://en.unesco.org/creative-cities
Twin Towns, Sister Cities Hobart has links with:🇮🇹 Barile, Italy 🇨🇳 Fuzhou, China 🇮🇹 L'Aquila, Italy 🇨🇱 Valdivia, Chile 🇨🇳 Xi'an, China 🇯🇵 Yaizu, Japan
UNESCO Creative Cities for Literature include: 🇫🇷 Angoulême 🇮🇶 Baghdad 🇪🇸 Barcelona 🇱🇧 Beirut 🇩🇪 Bremen 🇰🇷 Bucheon 🇿🇦 Buffalo City 🇮🇪 Dublin 🇳🇿 Dunedin 🇿🇦 Durban 🏴 Edinburgh 🏴 Exeter 🇪🇸 Granada 🇩🇪 Heidelberg 🇦🇺 Hobart 🇷🇴 Iași 🇺🇸 Iowa City 🇮🇳 Kozhikode 🇵🇱 Kraków 🇫🇮 Kuhmo 🇬🇪 Kutaisi 🇵🇰 Lahore 🇳🇱 Leeuwarden 🇳🇴 Lillehammer 🇸🇮 Ljubljana 🇺🇦 Lviv 🇫🇷 Lyon 🏴 Manchester 🇦🇺 Melbourne 🇮🇹 Milan 🇺🇾 Montevideo 🇨🇳 Nanjing 🏴 Norwich 🏴 Nottingham 🇵🇹 Óbidos 🇺🇦 Odessa 🇯🇵 Okayama 🇨🇿 Prague 🇨🇦 Québec City 🇮🇸 Reykjavík 🇧🇷 Rio de Janeiro 🇺🇸 Seattle 🇮🇶 Slemani 🇮🇶 Sulaymaniyah 🇸🇦 Taif 🇪🇪 Tartu 🇱🇻 Tukums 🇷🇺 Ulyanovsk 🇳🇱 Utrecht 🇰🇷 Wonju
Locations Near: Hobart 147.33,-42.8827
Antipodal to: Hobart -32.67,42.883