Guantánamo, Cuba

History | Geography | United States Naval Base | Demographics | Car | Transport : Rail : Air

🇨🇺 Guantánamo is a municipality and city in south-east Cuba and capital of Guantánamo Province. Guantánamo is served by the Caimanera port near the site of a U.S. naval base. The area produces sugarcane and cotton wool. These are traditional parts of the economy.

History The city was founded in 1797 in the area of a farm named Santa Catalina. The toponym "Guantánamo" means, in Taíno language, "land between the rivers".

Geography The municipality is mountainous in the north, at Alejandro de Humboldt National Park, where it overlays the Sierra Maestra (mountains), and borders the Windward Passage of the Caribbean Sea in the south. It is crossed by the Bano, Guantánamo, Yateras, Guaso, San Andrés, and Sabanalamar rivers. The city is spread with a square plan and is crossed in the middle by the Carretera Central highway. Guantánamo Bay is a natural harbour south of it.

The municipality borders with El Salvador, Niceto Pérez, Caimanera, Yateras, Manuel Tames, and Sagua de Tánamo; this one in Holguín Province. It includes the villages of Argeo Martínez, Arroyo Hondo, Glorieta, Las Lajas, and Paraguay.

Prior to 1976 it was divided into the barrios and villages Arroyo Hondo, Baitiquirí, Bano, Bayate, Caimanera, Camarones, Caridad, Corralillo, Cuatro Caminos, Filipinas, Glorieta, Gobierno, Guaso, Hospital, Indios, Isleta, Jaibo Abajo, Las Lajas, Macurijes, Mercado, Ocujal, Parroquia, Palma de San Juan, Rastro, Tiguabos, and Vínculo. After 1976 reform part of municipal territory was split in the municipalities of El Salvador, Niceto Pérez, Caimanera, and San Antonio del Sur.

United States Naval Base About 15 km away from the city lies the Guantánamo Bay, a superior natural harbor which has been utilized by the United States since 1898, when it was captured from Spain in the Battle of Guantánamo Bay. Cuba leased it to the U.S. in 1903 in fulfillment of a commitment made in the 1903 Cuban–American Treaty of Relations, and remains the site of a US Navy base, as well as the Guantanamo Bay detention camp.

Demographics In 2004, the municipality of Guantánamo had a population of 244,603. With a total area of 741 km² (286 sq mi), it has a population density of 330.1/km² (855/sq mi).

Car The city is served by the Carretera Central highway, and is the eastern terminus of the A1 motorway, that is mainly under construction and will link Guantánamo with Havana.

Transport: Rail In July 2019, Cuba received its first new train cars in over four decades from China for the route between Havana and Guantanamo. The journey takes 15 hours. A round trip ticket from Havana to Guantanamo trip starts at 200 Cuban pesos ($8, €7).

Transport: Air Guantanamo's commercial airport, the Mariana Grajales Airport, is served by one airline, Cubana. It is located near the villages of Las Lajas and Paraguay.

Havana Time 
Havana Time
Image: Adobe Stock roxxyphotos #66112258

Guantánamo has a population of over 210,407 people. Guantánamo also forms the centre of the wider Guantánamo Province which has a population of over 533,839 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Guantánamo see: Twitter:

Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Guantánamo is: 104.8,-20.133

Locations Near: Guantánamo -75.2,20.1333

🇨🇺 Santiago de Cuba -75.821,20.025 d: 66  

🇨🇺 Mayarí -75.667,20.65 d: 75.3  

🇨🇺 Palma Soriano -75.983,20.2 d: 82.1  

🇨🇺 Holguín -76.25,20.883 d: 137.5  

🇨🇺 Bayamo -76.633,20.367 d: 151.8  

🇭🇹 Jérémie -74.117,18.65 d: 200.3  

🇯🇲 Port Antonio -76.45,18.167 d: 255.1  

🇭🇹 Port-de-Paix -72.833,19.95 d: 248.1  

🇭🇹 Les Cayes -73.75,18.2 d: 263.4  

🇯🇲 Morant Bay -76.326,17.894 d: 275.7  

Antipodal to: Guantánamo 104.8,-20.133

🇮🇩 Cilacap 109,-7.733 d: 18564  

🇮🇩 Singaparna 108.11,-7.35 d: 18549.6  

🇮🇩 Tasikmalaya 108.198,-7.316 d: 18543.6  

🇮🇩 Ciamis 108.333,-7.317 d: 18540  

🇮🇩 Kebumen 109.661,-7.671 d: 18533.8  

🇮🇩 Sukabumi 106.926,-6.921 d: 18528.2  

🇮🇩 Jatinegara 106.167,-6.817 d: 18527  

🇮🇩 Purwokerto 109.23,-7.42 d: 18523  

🇮🇩 Purworejo 110.03,-7.722 d: 18524.6  

🇮🇩 Yogyakarta 110.35,-7.8 d: 18519.2  

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