Greenville, Texas, United States

History | Geography | Economy | Media | Education | Local government | Transport : Road : Air | Public transportation

🇺🇸 Greenville is a city in Hunt County, Texas, United States, about 50 miles (80 km) north-east of Dallas. It is the county seat and largest city of Hunt County.

History Greenville was founded in 1846. The city was named after Thomas J. Green, a significant contributor to the establishment of the Texas Republic. He later became a member of the Congress of the Texas Republic.

As the Civil War loomed, Greenville was divided over the issue of secession, as were several area towns and counties. Greenville attorney and State Senator Martin D. Hart was a prominent Unionist. He formed a company of men who fought for the Union in Arkansas, even as other Greenville residents fought for the Confederacy. The divided nature of Greenville and Hunt County is noted by a historical marker in "The SPOT" Park at 2800 Lee Street in downtown Greenville. In the post-Civil War era, Greenville's economy became partly dependent on cotton, as the local economy entered a period of transition.

In World War II, the Mexican Escuadrón 201 was stationed in Greenville while training at nearby Majors Field.

Greenville was notorious for a large sign, installed on July 7, 1921, over Lee Street, the main street in the downtown district, between the train station and the bus station in the 1920s to 1960s. The sign read: "Welcome to Greenville, The Blackest Land, The Whitest People". According to history teacher Paul E. Sturdevant of Greenville, the original intent behind "the whitest people" was to define "the citizens of Greenville as friendly, trustworthy, and helpful was sincere, and it was meant to include all citizens, regardless of race". In pre-civil rights America, the phrase "That's mighty White of you" meant that you were honest, not like suspect Blacks. The sign thus acquired racial overtones, and the original sign was taken down and placed into storage on April 13, 1965, possibly at the urging of Texas Governor John Connally, who had made a visit to the town weeks before. In 1968, Greenville's Sybil Maddux had the sign reinstalled, with the wording modified to read "The Greatest People"; the original sign is in the collection of the Audie Murphy American Cotton Museum.

In 1957, Greenville annexed the small town of Peniel, which had been founded in 1899 as a Pentecostal Church of the Nazarene community centered around Texas Holiness University. The annexation was approved by the citizens of Peniel, which at the time had a population around 157.

On May 12, 2011, a white buffalo was born near Greenville during a thunderstorm on the ranch of Arby Littlesoldier, who identified himself as a great-great grandson of Sitting Bull. A public naming ceremony and dedication was held on June 29, 2011, during which the male calf was officially given the name "Lightning Medicine Cloud". However, on August 21, 2012, Lightning Medicine Cloud died. The sheriff's department declared it had died from a bacterial infection, but the owners disagree, claiming that the buffalo was allegedly skinned by an unknown party.

Geography Greenville is located in North Texas, iin central Hunt County, in the heart of the Texas blackland prairies, 50 miles (80 km) north-east of Dallas and approximately 45 miles (72 km) south of the Texas/Oklahoma border, on the eastern edge of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Greenville has a total area of 33.4 square miles (86.6 km²), of which 32.6 square miles (84.5 km²) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²), or 2.46%, is covered by water. The Cowleech Fork of the Sabine River flows through the north-eastern part of the city.

Economy In early years, Hunt County was known as the cotton capital of the world. The world's largest inland cotton compress was located in Greenville until it was destroyed by fire in the mid-1900s.

Currently, the largest industry is L3Harris Mission Integration Division (MID, formerly L3, E-Systems, Raytheon Intelligence and Information Systems (RIIS, IIS)) a major U.S. defense contractor located at Majors Airport. This airport, created in 1942 and initially financed by the local Rotary Club, was used as a training base for P-47 Thunderbolt fighter pilots in World War II, and since then has served as a focal point for economic growth in Greenville.

Tourism is playing an increasing role in the local economy, with attractions such as Splash Kingdom Water Park located on Interstate 30, and the redeveloping historic downtown featuring Landon Winery and the restored vintage Texan Theater, which opened in 2014. Greenville is also known for its saddlemaking industry.

According to the city's 2017–2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city include: 1 L3Harris; 2 Hunt Regional Medical Center; 3 Greenville Independent School District; 4 McKesson; 4 Hunt County; 6 Cytec Engineered Materials; 6 Walmart Supercenter; 8 Masonite International; 8 Weatherford International; 10 Raytheon.

Entertainment includes multiple concerts at the Greenville Municipal Auditorium; the DSO Concert Series, which brings the world-famous Dallas Symphony Orchestra to Greenville for three concerts and an additional children's concert per year; and community theatre productions from Greenville Family Theatre and Greenville Theatre Works. The historic Texan Theatre brings in multiple concerts each year, and local clubs with musical entertainment, live theater in nearby Commerce, local art shows, a movie theater and a bowling alley offer year-round entertainment.

Tourism draws include the Audie Murphy/American Cotton Museum and the historic downtown area, which includes wineries, antique malls, public gardens, boutique shopping, and regular events at the 1,400-seat Greenville Municipal Auditorium. The Lee Street Jamboree is held the third weekend each September and includes the Cotton Patch Challenge Bicycle Ride. Each year the community and city sponsor a Christmas Parade and Veteran's Day Parade. In November each year the Bob Wills Fiddle Festival is held downtown and at the Greenville Municipal Auditorium. Other annual events include the Hunt County Festival of the Arts, the Hunt County Fair, Lit-Con, the Bottle Rocket Bash on July 4th, and multiple local events sponsored by community groups and churches.

Greenville is also home to the Hunt Regional Medical Center.

Media Greenville is served by Dallas/Fort Worth television stations on local cable and also regular programming.

KGVL radio serves the city of Greenville. KETR in Commerce also serves the city of Greenville due to the proximity of the two cities.

In addition to The Dallas Morning News, which serves the entire Dallas/Fort Worth area, Greenville is served by a local daily newspaper, the Herald-Banner.

Education Primary and secondary education of Greenville is provided by Greenville Independent School District along with private institutions such as Greenville Christian School.

Postsecondary education is offered through Paris Junior College-Greenville Center. Texas A&M University-Commerce, a major university of over 12,000 students, is located 15 miles (24 km) north-east in Commerce.

Local government According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Fund Financial Statements, the city's various funds had $19.9 million in revenues, $21.7 million in expenditures, $10.1 million in total assets, $1.8 million in total liabilities, and $1.4 million in investments.

Greenville is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.

Transport: Road Interstate 30 • Interstate 30 (Martin Luther King Jr. Freeway) is a major route through Greenville. To the west, Interstate 30 goes through Rockwall and Dallas to Fort Worth. To the east, Interstate 30 goes through Sulphur Springs, Mount Pleasant, and Texarkana.

Commercial and residential developments line the interstate from Monty Stratton Parkway through Lamar Street. The frontage roads have recently been converted to one-way for safety due to increased traffic.

U.S. highways • U.S. Highway 67 (Martin Luther King Jr. Freeway) runs concurrent with Interstate 30 through Greenville. • U.S. 69 (Joe Ramsey Boulevard) serves as a partial loop through Greenville. It connects with Celeste, Leonard, and Denison to the north and with Lone Oak, Mineola, and Tyler to the south. U.S. 69 is a four-lane divided highway from U.S. 380 / Texas Highway 302 to just past Business U.S. 69 (Moulton Street). • U.S. 380 (Joe Ramsey Boulevard/Lee Street) heads west out of Greenville through Farmersville, McKinney, and Denton. U.S. 380 is a four-lane divided highway. Within Greenville city limits it runs mostly concurrent with U.S. 69 along Joe Ramsey Boulevard. •

Business U.S. 69 follows several local streets which serve the northern, downtown, and southern areas of the city. It starts and ends at U.S. 69. The local street names are Rees Street (through Peniel), Sockwell Street (north of downtown), Stonewall Street / Johnson Street (couplet through downtown, where Stonewall is southbound and Johnson is northbound), Park Street (east of downtown), and Moulton Street (south of downtown and over Interstate 30).

State highways • Texas Highway 34 (Wesley Street, Wolfe City Drive) serves as a primary north-south route through Greenville and is a main commercial corridor. Connects with Wolfe City to the north and Quinlan to the south. • Texas Highway 66 (Old Dallas Highway) heads south-west out of the city towards Caddo Mills and Royse City. • Texas Highway 224 (Commerce Drive) heads north-east out of the city towards Commerce and Cooper. • Texas Highway Spur 302 (Lee Street / Washington Street) serves as an east-west route through Greenville. It starts at U.S. 69 / U.S. 380 at the west end and ends at Interstate 30 at the east end. The route, mostly on Lee Street, goes through downtown as a couplet, where Lee Street goes eastbound and Washington Street goes westbound.

Farm-to-Market roads • Farm Road 118 (Fannin Street) heads north out of Greenville from FM 499 towards Jacobia. • Farm Road 499 (Forester Street) heads east out of Greenville from Spur 302 going through Campbell and Cumby. • Farm Road 1569 heads west out of Greenville from a junction with highway 69 towards Merit. • Farm Road 1570 (Jack Finney Boulevard) serves the southern parts of the city, particularly the L-3 facility / Majors Field Airport. • Farm Road 2101 heads south out of Greenville from Majors Airport towards Boles Home in Quinlan.

Transport: Air The nearest airports with passenger air service are Dallas Love Field (55.4 miles) and Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (70.0 miles).

Majors Airport is a municipal airport located in Greenville.

Public transportation "The Connection" serves Greenville and all of Hunt County. The transit system operates Monday through Friday from 7 am to 7 pm. Reservations have to be made one day in advance. The charge is $2 ($4 round trip) if the passenger is traveling to a place within the same community or city, and $3 ($6 round trip) if the passenger is traveling from one city or community to another within Hunt County. The Connection will take Hunt County residents to Dallas, on a round-trip only basis: passengers are charged $34, and a minimum of three passengers is required.

Greenville, Texas, United States 

Greenville has a population of over 28,260 people. Greenville also forms the centre of the wider Hunt County which has a population of over 96,493 people.

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Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Greenville is: 83.9,-33.117

Locations Near: Greenville -96.1,33.1167

🇺🇸 Rockwall -96.459,32.931 d: 39.3  

🇺🇸 Wylie -96.517,33.017 d: 40.4  

🇺🇸 Rowlett -96.533,32.9 d: 47  

🇺🇸 McKinney -96.615,33.198 d: 48.8  

🇺🇸 Garland -96.637,32.914 d: 54.9  

🇺🇸 Allen -96.675,33.1 d: 53.5  

🇺🇸 Plano -96.695,33.029 d: 56.3  

🇺🇸 Mesquite -96.604,32.778 d: 60.3  

🇺🇸 Richardson -96.729,32.955 d: 61.3  

🇺🇸 Frisco -96.825,33.151 d: 67.6  

Antipodal to: Greenville 83.9,-33.117

🇲🇺 Port Mathurin 63.417,-19.683 d: 17495  

🇲🇺 Mahébourg 57.7,-20.407 d: 17067.2  

🇲🇺 Centre de Flacq 57.718,-20.2 d: 17055.7  

🇲🇺 Curepipe 57.517,-20.317 d: 17045.7  

🇲🇺 Rivière du Rempart 57.633,-20.05 d: 17039  

🇲🇺 Goodlands 57.633,-20.033 d: 17038  

🇲🇺 Vacoas-Phoenix 57.493,-20.3 d: 17042.6  

🇲🇺 St Pierre 57.517,-20.217 d: 17039.5  

🇲🇺 Quatre Bornes 57.479,-20.266 d: 17039.3  

🇲🇺 Moka 57.496,-20.219 d: 17037.8  

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