Cicero, Illinois, United States

History | Geography | Landmarks | Racetracks | Education | Transport | Fire department

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Cicero is a suburb of Chicago and an incorporated town in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 83,891 at the 2010 census. It is the 11th largest municipality in Illinois. The town of Cicero is named after Marcus Tullius Cicero, a Roman statesman and orator.

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History Originally, Cicero Township occupied an area six times the size of its current territory. The cities of Oak Park and Berwyn were incorporated from portions of Cicero Township, and other portions, such as Austin, were annexed into the city of Chicago.

By 1911, an aerodrome called the Cicero Flying Field had been established as the town's first aircraft facility of any type, located on a roughly square plot of land about 800 meters (1/2-mile) per side, on then-open ground by the Aero Club of Illinois, founded on February 10, 1910. Famous pilots like Hans-Joachim Buddecke, Lincoln Beachey, Chance M. Vought and others flew from there at various times during the "pioneer era" of aviation in the United States shortly before the nation's involvement in World War I, before the field closed in mid-April 1916.

Al Capone built his criminal empire in Chicago before moving to Cicero to escape the reach of Chicago police. The 1924 Cicero municipal elections were particularly violent due to gang-related efforts to secure a favorable election result.

On July 11โ€“12, 1951, a race riot erupted in Cicero when a white mob of around 4,000 attacked and burned an apartment building at 6139 W. 19th Street that housed the African-American family of Harvey Clark Jr., a Chicago Transit Authority bus driver who had relocated to the all-white city. Governor Adlai E. Stevenson was forced to call out the Illinois National Guard. The Clarks moved away and the building had to be boarded up. The Cicero riot received worldwide condemnation.

Cicero was taken up and abandoned several times as site for a civil rights march in the mid-1960s. Cicero had a sundown town policy prohibiting African Americans from living in the city. The American Friends Service Committee, Martin Luther King Jr., and many affiliated organizations, including churches, were conducting marches against housing and school de facto segregation and inequality in Chicago and several suburbs, but the leaders feared too violent a response in Chicago Lawn and Cicero. Eventually, a substantial march (met by catcalls, flying bottles and bricks) was conducted in Chicago Lawn, but only a splinter group, led by Jesse Jackson, marched in Cicero. The marches in the Chicago suburbs helped galvanize support for the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, extending federal prohibitions against discrimination to private housing. The act also created the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development's Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity, which enforces the law.

The 1980s and 1990s saw a heavy influx of Hispanic (mostly Mexican and Central American) residents to Cicero. Once considered mainly a Czech or Bohemian town, most of the European-style restaurants and shops on 22nd Street (now Cermak Road) have been replaced by Spanish-titled businesses. In addition, Cicero has a small black community.

Cicero has seen a revival in its commercial sector, with many new mini-malls and large retail stores. New condominiums are also being built in the city.

Cicero has long had a reputation of government scandal. By 2002, Republican Town President Betty Loren-Maltese was sent to federal prison in California, for misappropriating $12 million in funds.

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Geography According to the 2021 census gazetteer files, Cicero has a total area of 5.87 square miles (15.20ย kmยฒ), all land. Cicero formerly ran from Harlem Avenue to Western Avenue and Pershing Road to North Avenue; however, much of this area was annexed by Chicago.

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Landmarks โ€ข St. Mary of Czestochowa, a Neo-Gothic church built in the Polish Cathedral style along with the sculpture of Christ the King by famed sculptor Professor Czesล‚aw Dลบwigaj, who also cast the monumental bronze doors at St. Hyacinth's Basilica in Chicago. The church's other claim to fame is as the site of Al Capone's sister Mafalda's wedding in 1930. โ€ข J. Sterling Morton High School, East Campus, also known as Morton East High School, was built in 1894. The original school was destroyed by fire in 1924, and the current building was constructed. Located at 2423 S. Austin Blvd, Morton East serves residents of Cicero. โ€ข Chodl Auditorium, located inside Morton East High School, was built in 1924 (completed 1927) to replace the 1,200-seat auditorium which was destroyed by fire. The auditorium was originally a dual-purpose room, serving as a gymnasium for students, and was originally built for this purpose. In 1967 the school stopped using the auditorium as a gymnasium. Chodl Auditorium is among the largest non-commercial proscenium theatres in the Chicago Metropolitan Area and is listed with the National Register of Historic Places. โ€ข Hawthorne Works Tower, one of the original towers of the enormous Western Electric manufacturing plant that once stood east of Cicero Avenue, is still located behind the Hawthorne Works Shopping Center near the corner of Cermak Road (22nd Street) and Cicero Avenue. โ€ข Chicagoland Sports Hall of Fame.

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Racetracks On the south side of Cicero, there were two racetracks. Hawthorne Race Course, located in Cicero and Stickney, is a horse racing track still in operation. Just north of it was Chicago Motor Speedway at Sportsman's Park, which was formerly Sportsman's Park Racetrack (for horse racing) for many years. This Sportsman's Park facility is now closed, acquired by the Town of Cicero, and has since been demolished. Facilities of the Wirtz Beverage Group have been built on the west half and a Walmart built on the east half.

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Education Cicero is served by Cicero Elementary School District 99 and comprises 16 schools, making it one of the largest public school districts outside of Chicago. Elementary students attend the following schools, depending on residency: Burnham (K-6), Cicero East (4-6), Cicero West (PK-4), Columbus East (4-6), Columbus West (PK-4), Drexel (K-6), Early Childhood Center (PK), Goodwin (PK-6), Liberty (K-3), Lincoln (PK-6), Roosevelt (5-6), Sherlock (PK-6), Warren Park (PK-6), Wilson (K-6), and Unity Junior High (7-8), which is separated into East/West sections. East side being held for eighth graders & seventh graders on the West side. Unity is the second largest middle school in the country. High school students entering their freshman year attend the Freshman Center and then continue high school at Morton East of the J. Sterling Morton High School District 201. The McKinley Educational Center serves as an alternative school for 5th-8th graders and the Morton Alternative School serves as an alternative school for 9th-12th graders

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago operates two PK-8 schools in Cicero: โ€ข Our Lady of Charity School โ€ข St. Frances of Rome School

From 1927 until 1972, Cicero was the home of Timothy Christian School.

Cicero is also home to Morton College.

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Transport Cicero is served by two major railroad lines, the BNSF Railway and the Belt Line Railroad. Public Transportation is provided by Metra's BNSF Line between Aurora and Chicago's Union Station with a stop at the Cicero station near Cicero Avenue and 26th Street. Currently, this station is undergoing a much needed reconstruction and expansion by Metra. Also, the CTA Pink Line provides daily service from the 54th/Cermak terminal to the Loop. Its Cicero station is also located in Cicero. Multiple Pace and CTA bus routes cover portions of Cicero.

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Fire department Cicero is served by the Cicero Fire Department (CFD), with a staff of 68 professional firefighters and 24 paramedics. The CFD operates out of three fire stations.

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America/Chicago/Illinois 
<b>America/Chicago/Illinois</b>
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Cicero has a population of over 83,891 people. Cicero also forms one of the centres of the wider Chicago metropolitan area which has a population of over 9,729,825 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Cicero see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Cicero is: 92.252,-41.851

Locations Near: Cicero -87.7476,41.8512

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Oak Park -87.783,41.883 d: 4.6  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Lakeview -87.65,41.933 d: 12.2  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Chicago -87.617,41.867 d: 11  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Oak Lawn -87.75,41.7 d: 16.8  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Skokie -87.737,42.035 d: 20.5  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Elmhurst -87.94,41.904 d: 17  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Evanston -87.695,42.055 d: 23.1  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Glenview -87.8,42.067 d: 24.4  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Orland Park -87.853,41.617 d: 27.5  

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Mount Prospect -87.933,42.05 d: 26.9  

Antipodal to: Cicero 92.252,-41.851

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Bunbury 115.637,-33.327 d: 17756.8  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Mandurah 115.721,-32.529 d: 17702.5  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Rockingham 115.717,-32.267 d: 17686.7  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ City of Cockburn 115.833,-32.167 d: 17671.4  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Vincent 115.834,-31.936 d: 17656.9  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Perth 115.857,-31.953 d: 17656.2  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Wanneroo 115.803,-31.747 d: 17647.3  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Cannington 115.934,-32.017 d: 17654.2  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Guildford 115.973,-31.9 d: 17643.8  

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ Midland 116.01,-31.888 d: 17640.2  

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