Chiang Rai, Thailand

History | Geography | Demographics | Government | Buddhist temples | Education : Universities | International schools | Education : High | Primary schools | Hospitals | Transport

🇹🇭 Chiang Rai (ᨩ᩠ᨿᨦᩁᩣ᩠ᨿ, เจียงฮาย) is the northernmost major city in Thailand. It is located in Mueang Chiang Rai District, Chiang Rai Province. Chiang Rai was established as a capital city in the reign of King Mangrai, in 1262 CE.

History The city was founded by King Mangrai in 1262 and became the capital of the Mangrai Dynasty. The word 'Chiang' means 'city' in Thai, so Chiang Rai would mean 'the City of (Mang) Rai'. Subsequently, Chiang Rai was conquered by Burma and remained under Burmese rule for several hundred years. It was not until 1786 that Chiang Rai became a Chiang Mai vassal. Siam (Thailand) annexed Chiang Mai in 1899, and Chiang Rai was proclaimed a province of Thailand in 1933.

In 1432, during the reign of King Sam Fang Kaen of the Mangrai Dynasty (1402–1441), the Phra Kaeo, or Emerald Buddha, the most revered Buddha statue, was discovered in Chiang Rai when an earthquake split the chedi at Wat Phra Kaeo of Chiang Rai city. The jade figure was then seen concealed within. Another telling of the story has the "Emerald Buddha" hastily covered in mud just before marauders entered to pillage. Many years later, the clunky-looking mud Buddha was found to actually house a magnificent jade statue, perhaps by way of the earthquake mentioned above—which caused a piece of the clay to break off—revealing the jade beneath.

In 1992, the city pillar was moved from Wat Klang Wiang to Wat Phra That Doi Chom Thong, where it is known as Sadue Mueang, the "navel" or omphalos of the city.

Geography Chiang Rai lies on the flat alluvial plain of the Kok River, a tributary of the Mekong, between the Daen Lao Range in the north and the Phi Pan Nam Range in the south. The Kok River runs along Chiang Rai's north side, flowing eastwards out of Burma at Tha Ton(ท่าตอม) town, bending north-eastwards and joining the Mekong River about 40 km (25 mi) north-east of the city. The Lao River, a tributary of the Kok, flows south of Chiang Rai.

There are four bridges spanning the Kok River within the town's boundaries, each running south–north. Most of the terrain surrounding Chiang Rai town is either flat or has moderate hills. The exception is outward in the west and north-west directions, where limestone hills are evident, some of which have vertical exposed cliffs. That is also the direction where most of the region's hill tribe people have their villages, further afield.

The city is 860 km (530 mi) north of Bangkok, about 200 km (120 mi) north-east of Chiang Mai, 62 km (39 mi) south of Mae Sai and the Burmese border; 60 km (37 mi) south-west of the town of Chiang Saen on the Mekong River across from Laos; and 90 km (56 mi) north of Phayao town. The Golden Triangle, the tripoint of the Thailand, Laos and Myanmar borders, is 55 km (34 mi) north-east of the city.

Demographics With the spread of the city extending into neighboring districts, the metropolitan area is considered somewhat larger by local residents. Chiang Rai city is the capital city and business centre of the Chiang Rai Province.

A significant share—12.5 percent—of the population are of hill tribes descent. "Hill tribes" is a collective term for the minority ethnic groups in north Thailand such as the Karen, Akha, Lisu, Miao, and Hmong.

Government Chiang Rai City is the capital of Chiang Rai Province. The city hall 1 houses the provincial offices. The thesaban houses the municipal offices.

Buddhist temples • Wat Phra That Doi Chom Thong; • Wat Phra Kaeo, Chiang Rai; • Wat Phra Sing, Chiang Rai; • Wat Doi Khao Khwai; • Wat Rong Khun; a modern temple built since 1998 by Thai artist Chalermchai Kositpipat • Chedi Doi Trimoorati.

Education: Universities • Mae Fah Luang University • Chiang Rai Rajabhat University • Rajamangala University of Technology Lanna, Chiang Rai Campus

International schools • Chiang Rai International School • Chiang Rai International Christian School 19°57.022′N 99°49.893′E

Education: High • Samakkhi Witthayakhom School 19°54.314′N 99°49.598′E • Damrongratsongkroh School • Chiang Rai Witthayakhom School • Chiangrai municiplarity school 6 • Chiang Rai International School

Primary schools • PSEP Bilingual School. • Bansankhong (Chiangraijaroonrat) School 19°54.045′N 99°49.671′E • Piti Suksa Montessori School 19°55.400′N 99°49.950′E • AMEC School, Chiang Rai 19°50.660′N 99°48.114′E

Hospitals In 2018 the survivors of the Tham Luang cave rescue were brought to Chiang Rai, the nearest large city for hospital care. • Overbrook Hospital (semi-private) Founded in 1903 by Dr. William A. Briggs, as a Missionary hospital. • Kasemrad Sriburin General Hospital, Private hospital. • Chiang Rai Prachanukhro Hospital, Public hospital. • Fort Mengraimaharaj Hospital, Military public hospital. • Chiang Rai Inter Hospital, Private hospital. • Bangkok Hospital - Chiang Rai, Private hospital by BDMS chain.

Transport Route 1 runs from Bangkok through Chiang Rai to Mae Sai on the Burma border. Chiang Rai is 839 km from Bangkok, about 14 hours by car or by bus. According to official bus schedules, the bus ride to Chiang Rai from Chiang Mai takes approximately 3 hours and 30 minutes, All of these times should take into account the rainy season which lasts from about June to late October, this can severely inhibit travel with road sections often completely flooded and even washed out.

Several flights are available to and from Bangkok daily. Chiang Rai International Airport flight time is about 1 hour and 30 minutes. There are several major operators including Thai Airways, Air Asia, Nok Air.

There is scheduled boat service between Chiang Rai and Thaton in Chiang Mai Province daily. This journey will last about 3–4 hours and is a pleasant alternative to the bus ride through the mountains.

There are currently no rail services to Chiang Rai as the railway line from Bangkok ends at Chiang Mai. Nonetheless, new 323 kilometer-long branch line, from Den Chai to the Lao border at Chiang Khong and passing through Chiang Rai, is under construction and is expected to open in 2028.

Bangkok Time 
Bangkok Time
Image: Adobe Stock fotoslaz #81304221

Chiang Rai was ranked #352 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Chiang Rai has a population of over 200,000 people. Chiang Rai also forms the centre of the wider Chiang Rai Province which has a population of over 1,298,304 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Chiang Rai see: Twitter:

Chiang Rai is a member of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network for Design see:

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Chiang Rai has links with:

🇺🇸 Union City, USA
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | Nomad

Antipodal to Chiang Rai is: -80.173,-19.909

Locations Near: Chiang Rai 99.8275,19.9094

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🇱🇦 Houayxay 100.433,20.25 d: 73.7  

🇹🇭 San Kamphaeng 99.117,18.75 d: 148.9  

🇹🇭 Chiang Mai 99.003,18.79 d: 151.6  

🇹🇭 Nan 100.783,18.783 d: 160.4  

🇹🇭 Lamphun 99,18.583 d: 171.1  

🇹🇭 Lampang 99.5,18.3 d: 182.2  

🇹🇭 Mae Hong Son 97.95,19.283 d: 208.6  

🇱🇦 Muang Xay 101.983,20.683 d: 240.7  

🇨🇳 Jinghong 100.797,22.009 d: 254.2  

Antipodal to: Chiang Rai -80.173,-19.909

🇵🇪 Ica -75.733,-14.067 d: 19212.2  

🇵🇪 Pisco -76.2,-13.717 d: 19207.2  

🇵🇪 Chincha Alta -76.133,-13.45 d: 19178  

🇵🇪 Miraflores -77.033,-12.117 d: 19086  

🇵🇪 Callao -77.15,-12.067 d: 19085.2  

🇵🇪 San Borja -77.017,-12.1 d: 19083.6  

🇵🇪 San Isidro -77.033,-12.083 d: 19082.5  

🇵🇪 Lima -77.033,-12.05 d: 19079.1  

🇵🇪 Villa El Salvador -77,-12.05 d: 19077.8  

🇵🇪 Rímac -77.017,-12.033 d: 19076.7  

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