Zhengzhou (郑州) is the capital and largest city of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China. Located in north-central Henan, it is one of the National Central Cities in China, the centre of Central Plains area, and serves as the political, economic, technological, and educational centre of the province. The Zhengzhou metropolitan area is the core area of the Central Plains Economic Zone. The city lies on the southern bank of the Yellow River. Zhengzhou is a major hub of China's national transportation network, with railways connecting Zhengzhou to Europe and an international airport. Zhengzhou is a National Civilized City and a State-list Famous Historical and Culture City. There are two World Cultural Heritage Sites in Zhengzhou. The Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE) is China's first futures exchange. Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone is China's first Airport Economy Zone.
The city has a total GDP of over 1.014 trillion (RMB). Greater Zhengzhou is one of the 13 emerging mega-cities in China in a report by the Economist Intelligence Unit, and officially named as the eighth National Central City by the central government in Beijing.
Zhengzhou is also one of the major cities in the world ranked by scientific research as tracked by the Nature Index according to the Nature Index Science Cities. The city is home to several national key universities in China, notably Zhengzhou University and Henan University.
Zhengzhou, along with Xi'an, Chengdu, Chongqing and Wuhan, is one of the most important cities in inland China. It is the economic centre of the province and the surrounding areas such as south-eastern Shanxi and south-western Shandong. Due to its strategic location in one of the most populous areas in the world and in China's railway, road and aviation transport networks, Zhengzhou is increasingly attracting domestic and international investment as well as migrants from other areas, transforming the city into one of the largest economic centres in China.
Its main Agricultural products include apples, paulownia, tobacco, maize, cotton, and wheat. In addition, Zhengzhou also produces Yellow River carp, Zhengzhou watermelons, Xinzheng jujube, Xingyang dried persimmons, Guangwu Pomegranate and Zhongmu garlic, all of which are specialties that are rarely found outside the region.
Zhengzhou and the surrounding area have large reserves of coal and other minerals. Coal mining and electricity generation are traditionally important in the local economy. Zhengzhou is one of the major industrial cities in The People's Republic of China. The city's staple industry is textiles. Others manufactured items include tractors, locomotives, cigarettes, fertiliser, processed meats, agricultural machinery, and electrical equipment. Some high-tech companies in new material, electronics and biotechnology are also growing rapidly during the recently years, especially in the high-tech industrial park in the north-west of the city. Notable firms include: Yutong, China's largest bus producer. • Shaolin Bus, a well-known small-to-medium-sized bus producer. • Zhengzhou Nissan, a subsidiary of Dongfeng Nissan, specialising in the manufacture of SUVs and pickup trucks. • Haima Automobile Zhengzhou, an automobile manufacturer specialising in manufacturing microvans and light passenger vehicles. • Zhengzhou Unique Industrial Equipment Co., Ltd., a large tractor and agricultural equipment manufacturer. • Foxconn Zhengzhou, located in Zhengzhou Airport Economy Zone, is the largest smartphone production site in the world and is also known as "iPhone City". • Sanquan Food, a frozen food company. With over 20000 employees,Sanquan produced the first frozen dumplings and rice balls in China. • Synear Food Holdings Limited, along with Sanquan Food, is one of the largest producers of frozen food in China. The market share is over 20% in China
The service industries of Zhengzhou include retail, wholesale, hospitality, finance, exhibition, transport and delivery, tourism, and education. With a number of domestic and international institutions having regional offices in the city, Zhengzhou is becoming the financial centre in central China. Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (ZCE) is one of the only four future exchanges in China and is becoming an important global player specialised in agricultural future exchange. Equipped with newly built facilities such as Zhengzhou International Conference and Exhibition Center. Third party logistics (3PL) in Zhengzhou has also been experiencing industrial boom during the past few years. As a transit and tourist centre of Henan Province and central China, Zhengzhou is the centre of Henan cuisine. Notable service industry firms include: Dennis, a regional retail chain. • Henan Jianye, a large real estate developer, which owns the China Super League club Henan Jianye F.C..
The Zhengdong New Area (郑东新区) is one of dozens of major economic zones that are currently developing in various regions of China. It has become the financial centre of Henan province and one of the most rapidly growing areas of China. Kisho Kurokawa, a Japanese world-renowned planner and architect, was appointed to design the overall planning scheme for Zhengdong New Area. He brought in advanced ideas including ecological city, co-existing city, metabolic city and ring city ideas. The scheme won the "Prominent Award for City Planning Design" at the first session of Annual Meeting of the World Architects Alliance in 2002. Zhengdong New Area is mainly constituted by the CBD area, the Longhu commercial and residential area, the Longzihu college area, and the Zhengzhou East railway station commercial area.
The Zhengzhou High & New Technology Industries Development Zone covers a total area of 18.6 square kilometres (7.2 square miles). Under the development strategy of “multiple parks in one zone”, the Zone has been making great efforts to promote the development of software,information technologies, new materials, bio-pharmaceutical and photo-machinery-electronic industries.
Zhengzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone has a developed area of 7 square kilometres (3 square miles) Industries encouraged include Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, Telecommunications Equipment, Trading and Distribution, Biotechnology/Pharmaceuticals, Instruments & Industrial Equipment Production, Medical Equipment and Supplies, Shipping/Warehousing/Logistics and Heavy Industry.
Zhengzhou Export Processing Area consists of two areas: Zhengzhou (Henan) Export Processing Zone A is located in Zhengzhou National Economic & technological Development Area and Zone B is located in Zhengzhou Airport Area, adjacent to Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport on the north and features a bonded logistics zone, a bonded processing zone and a supporting industry zone, etc.
Zhengzhou is rated Beta − by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Beta level cities are cities that link moderate economic regions to the world economy.
Zhengzhou is ranked #94 by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. Zhengzhou is rated C by the Global Urban Competitiveness Report (GUCR) which evaluates and ranks world cities in the context of economic competitiveness. C cities are international gateway cities. Zhengzhou was ranked #1079 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Zhengzhou has a population of over 6,704,100 people. Zhengzhou also forms part of the wider Zhengzhou metropolitan area which has a population of over 10,120,000 people.