Zadar, Dalmatia, Croatia

🇭🇷 Zadar is the oldest continuously inhabited Croatian city. It is situated on the Adriatic Sea, at the north-western part of Ravni Kotari region. Zadar serves as the seat of Zadar County and of the wider northern Dalmatian region. The city proper is the second-largest city of the region of Dalmatia and the fifth-largest city in the country.

The area of present-day Zadar traces its earliest evidence of human life from the late Stone Age, while numerous settlements date as early as the Neolithic. Before the Illyrians, an ancient Mediterranean people of an Indo-European culture inhabited the area. Zadar traces its origin to its 9th-century BC founding as a settlement of the Illyrian tribe of Liburnians known as Iader.

In 59 BC it was renamed Iadera when it became a Roman municipium. In 48 BC it became a Roman colonia. During Roman rule Zadar acquired the characteristics of a traditional Ancient Roman city with a regular road network, a public square (forum), and an elevated capitolium with a temple.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and the destruction of Salona by the Avars and Croats in 614, Zadar became the capital of the Byzantine theme of Dalmatia. In the beginning of the 9th century, Zadar came briefly under Frankish rule, but the Pax Nicephori returned it to the Byzantines in 812. The first Croatian rulers gained brief control over the city in 10th century. In 998 Zadar swore allegiance to Doge Pietro Orseolo II and became a vassal of the Republic of Venice. In 1186 it placed itself under the protection of Béla III, King of Hungary and Croatia.

In 1202 the Venetians, with the help of Crusaders, reconquered and sacked Zadar. Hungary regained control over the city in 1358, when it was given to king Louis I of Hungary. In 1409 king Ladislaus I sold Zadar to the Venetians. When the Ottoman Empire conquered the Zadar hinterland at the beginning of the 16th century, the town became an important stronghold, ensuring Venetian trade in the Adriatic, the administrative centre of the Venetian territories in Dalmatia and a cultural centre. This fostered an environment in which arts and literature could flourish, and between the 15th and 17th centuries Zadar came under the influence of the Renaissance, giving rise to many important Italian Renaissance figures like Giorgio Ventura and Giovanni Francesco Fortunio, who wrote the first Italian grammar book, and many Croatian writers, such as Petar Zoranić, Brne Krnarutić, Juraj Baraković and Šime Budinić, who wrote in Croatian.

After the fall of Venice in 1797, Zadar came under Austrian rule until 1918, except for a period of short-term French rule (1805–1813), still remaining the capital of Dalmatia. During French rule the first newspaper in Croatian, Il Regio Dalmata – Kraglski Dalmatin, was published in Zadar (1806–1810). During the 19th century Zadar functioned as a centre of the Croatian movement for cultural and national revival in a context of increasing polarisation and politicisation of ethnic identities between Croats and Dalmatian Italians.

With the 1920 Treaty of Rapallo Zadar was given to the Kingdom of Italy. During World War II, it was bombed by the Allies and witnessed the evacuation of ethnic Italians. Partisans captured the city on 1 November 1944; in 1947 it officially became part of SR Croatia, a federal constituent of the SFR Yugoslavia, whose armed forces defended it in October 1991 from the Serb forces who aimed to capture it.

Today, Zadar is a historical centre of Dalmatia, Zadar County's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, educational, and transportation centre. Zadar is also the episcopal see of the Archdiocese of Zadar. Because of its rich heritage, Zadar is today one of the most popular Croatian tourist destinations, named "entertainment centre of the Adriatic" by The Times and "Croatia's new capital of cool" by The Guardian.

UNESCO's World Heritage Site list included the fortified city of Zadar as part of Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da Mar in 2017.

Economy Major industries include tourism, traffic, seaborne trade, agriculture, fishing and fish farming activities; metal manufacturing and mechanical engineering industries; chemicals and non-metal industry; and banking. Some of the largest companies with headquarters in Zadar are: • Tankerska plovidba (maritime transport) • Cromaris (food industry) • Bakmaz (retail) • Sonik (retail) • Turisthotel (tourism) • Maraska (food industry) • Punta Sakla (tourism) • Intermod (furniture retail and tourism) • Adria, Mardešić (fish production) • Vodovod (water supply) • OTP Bank Hrvatska (finance industry) • SAS (machine tools) • Aluflexpack (production of flexible packaging) • Arsenal Holdings (tourism) • Liburnija (transportation).

The farmland just north-east of Zadar, Ravni Kotari, is a well known source of marasca cherries. Distilleries in Zadar have produced Maraschino since the 16th century.

Europe/Zagreb/Zadar 
<b>Europe/Zagreb/Zadar</b>
Image: Adobe Stock anderm #89517350

Zadar was ranked #362 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Zadar has a population of over 75,080 people. Zadar also forms the centre of the wider Zadar County which has a population of over 170,017 people. Zadar is ranked #812 for startups with a score of 0.172.

To set up a UBI Lab for Zadar see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Zadar has links with: 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Dundee, Scotland, UK; 🇮🇹 Reggio Emilia, Italy; 🇫🇷 Romans-sur-Isère, France; 🇩🇪 Fürstenfeldbruck, Germany; 🇭🇺 Székesfehérvár, Hungary; 🇮🇹 Padua, Italy; 🇨🇱 Iquique, Chile; 🇸🇰 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia; 🇺🇸 Milwaukee, United States.

Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | Nomad | StartupBlink

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