Yoshkar-Ola is the capital city of the Mari El Republic, Russia. Yoshkar-Ola means red city in Mari and was formerly known as Tsaryovokokshaysk before 1919, as Krasnokokshaysk between 1919 and 1927 and Charla. Yoshkar-Ola was established as a military fortress in 1584, following the Russian conquest of the Mari region. It is currently one of the centres of the Finno-Ugric people and the administrative centre of the Yoshkar-Ola city district. The local train station is currently served by a daily train to and from the capital Moscow with other short-service trains running to and from Kazan.
Yoshkar-Ola is home to 88 educational institutions, among them several institutions of higher education, including: Mari State University • Volga State University of Technology • Interregional Open Social Institute.
Yoshkar-Ola has a population of over 274,715 people.
Yoshkar-Ola is twinned with: Bourges, France • Princeton, West Virginia, United States • Szombathely, Hungary.