🇨🇳 Xiangtan is a prefecture-level city in east-central Hunan province, south-central China. The hometowns of several founding leaders of the Chinese Communist Party, including Chairman Mao Zedong, President Liu Shaoqi, and Marshal Peng Dehuai, are in Xiangtan's administration, as well as the hometowns of Qing dynasty painter Qi Baishi, scholar-general Zeng Guofan, and tennis player Peng Shuai.
Xiangtan forms a part of the Greater Changsha Metropolitan Region with Changsha as the core city along with Zhuzhou, also known as Changzhutan City Cluster, one of the core cities in Central China.
Xiangtan is one of the top 500 cities in the world by scientific research outputs, as tracked by the Nature Index. It is home to Xiangtan University, a new Double First Class university and two provincial key public universities of Hunan Institute of Engineering and Hunan University of Science and Technology.
History Pre-Ming Dynasty Relics from the Daxi culture indicate that people inhabited the Xiangtan area in the 3rd millennium BC. Shang Dynasty bronzewares have been found in the region, as well as tombs from the Warring States period. During the Three Kingdoms Period, the kingdom of Eastern Wu built a city in the west of modern Xiangtan City and organized the Hengyang Commandery (衡陽郡) around it. In 749, the Tang Dynasty organized the area as Xiangtan County, centered at modern Yisu River (易俗河). By the time of the Northern Song Dynasty, Xiangtan's good access to both land and water trade routes had established it as the major commercial centre of the region.
Ming and Qing Dynasties Xiangtan prospered throughout the Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty upon an economic foundation of trading in rice and traditional Chinese medicinal ingredients, and was sometimes referred to as "Little Nanjing" or "Golden Xiangtan". Prior to the Second Opium War, Xiangtan was a central transfer point for import and export goods going to and from ports in Canton, Shanghai, and Wuhan, supported by approximately 200,000 inhabitants.
Geography Xiangtan is located on the lower reaches of the Xiang River.
Administrative divisions The city of Xiangtan has direct jurisdiction over two districts (区; qū), two county-level cities (市; shì), and one county (县; xiàn): • Yuetang District (岳塘区) • Yuhu District (雨湖区) • Shaoshan City (韶山市) • Xiangxiang City (湘乡市) • Xiangtan County (湘潭县).
Economy In 2006, Xiangtan's nominal GDP was ¥42.2 billion (US$6.2 billion), a year-on-year growth of 13.2% from the previous year. Its per capita GDP was ¥15,455 (US$2,265).
Xiangtan is famous for its production of lotus seed and soy sauce. People in Xiangtan like to chew areca nut (槟榔; bīngláng), though the area itself doesn't grow them. Most raw areca nut fruits are from Hainan and processed locally. The history of consuming areca nut dates back to 400 years ago, when people chewed it for pandemic prevention. Nowadays, it is quite common to see people chewing areca nut in Hunan. In 2003, the sales revenue of areca nut industry in Xiangtan had reached ¥800 million.
Transport Xiangtan is well connected by roads, river and rail. There is a shuttle bus service connecting to Changsha Huanghua International Airport.
Tourist Industry Many people continue to visit Shaoshan, Xiangtan to visit the birthplace of Mao Zedong, the former Chairman of the Communist Party of China and the paramount leader of the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 1976.
Some local people like to visit zhaoshan, a small mountain surrounded by trees in Xiangtan.
Sport Professional tennis player Peng Shuai was born and trained in Xiangtan. Xiangtan Stadium was the home to Bayi Football Team of the Chinese Football Association Jia League (now Chinese Super League) from 2002 to 2003.
Education: Universities This is a list of institutions with full-time bachelor programs in Xiangtan: • Xiangtan University (湘潭大学) • Hunan University of Science and Technology (湖南科技大学) • Hunan Institute of Engineering (湖南工程学院).
Xiangtan was ranked #1246 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Xiangtan has a population of over 817,600 people. Xiangtan also forms the centre of the wider Xiangtan metropolitan area which has a population of over 2,748,552 people.
Twin Towns - Sister Cities Xiangtan has links with:🇫🇷 Calais, France 🇯🇵 Hikone, Japan 🇪🇸 León, Spain 🇺🇦 Lutsk, Ukraine 🇷🇺 Ulyanovsk, Russia
Locations Near: Xiangtan 112.945,27.8313
Antipodal to: Xiangtan -67.055,-27.831