Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada. It is centred on the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers, near the longitudinal centre of North America. The Winnipeg Metro Region (formerly called the Winnipeg Capital Region) contains the provincial capital of Winnipeg and its surrounding rural municipalities, cities, and towns.
Winnipeg was a trading centre for Indigenous peoples long before the arrival of Europeans; it is the traditional territory of the Anishinabe (Ojibway), Ininew (Cree), Oji-Cree, Dene, and Dakota, and is the birthplace of the Métis Nation. French traders built the first fort on the site in 1738. Winnipeg is the seventh most populated municipality in Canada.
Known as the "Gateway to the West", Winnipeg is a railway and transportation hub with a diversified economy. This multicultural city hosts numerous annual festivals, including the Festival du Voyageur, the Winnipeg Folk Festival, the Jazz Winnipeg Festival, the Winnipeg Fringe Theatre Festival, and Folklorama. Winnipeg was the first Canadian host of the Pan American Games. It is home to several professional sports franchises, including the Winnipeg Blue Bombers (Canadian football), the Winnipeg Jets (ice hockey), Manitoba Moose (ice hockey), Valour FC (soccer), and the Winnipeg Goldeyes (baseball).
Winnipeg is an economic base and regional centre. It has a diversified economy, with major employment in the health care and social assistance (15%), retail (11%), manufacturing (8%), and public administration (8%) sectors. There were approximately 444,000 jobs in the city as of 2016. Some of Winnipeg's largest employers are government and government-funded institutions, including the Province of Manitoba, the University of Manitoba, the City of Winnipeg, Manitoba Hydro, Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries Corporation, and Bell MTS. Major private-sector employers include Canad Corporation of Manitoba, Great-West Life Assurance Company, StandardAero, and SkipTheDishes.
The Royal Canadian Mint, established in 1976, produces all circulating coinage in Canada. The facility, located in south-eastern Winnipeg, also produces coins for many other countries.
Winnipeg was ranked by KPMG as the least expensive location to do business in western Canada. Like many prairie cities, Winnipeg has a relatively low cost of living.
Winnipeg is rated Sufficiency by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Sufficiency level cities are cities that have a sufficient degree of services so as not to be overly dependent on world cities.
Winnipeg was ranked #140 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Winnipeg has a population of over 705,244 people. Winnipeg also forms part of the wider Winnipeg metropolitan area which has a population of over 778,489 people. Winnipeg is the #279 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 2.8629 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores per 100,000 city residents.