🇧🇷 Volta Redonda is the name of a municipality in the Rio de Janeiro state of Brazil. Its name is due to the round shape of a curve in the Paraíba do Sul river around which the city was built.
Situated in Volta Redonda is Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional (CSN), Brazil's second largest steel producer. Today its economy, despite still being based on industry, is quite diverse, and largely focused on the areas of services and trade. Due to this, Volta Redonda is worldly known as Cidade do Aço (which is Portuguese for Steel City).
The city borders with the municipalities of Barra Mansa (north, north-west, west and south-west), Barra do Piraí (north-east), Pinheiral, Piraí (south and east), and Rio Claro (south) and is 130 km from the city of Rio de Janeiro.
Along with the municipalities of Barra Mansa and Pinheiral, it is a conurbation of over 500,000 inhabitants, according to the IBGE estimates for 2008, and the state's largest urban spot outside the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro.
Economical centre of the South Fluminense region, Volta Redonda is a strategic area, close to major hub cities in other regional states, such as Juiz de Fora (190 km) and Sao Jose dos Campos (220 km).
Volta Redonda has a population of over 273,988 people. Volta Redonda also forms part of the wider Barra Mansa metropolitan area which has a population of over 450,000 people.