Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

History | Geography

🇮🇳 Vijayawada, formerly known as Bezawada, is the second largest city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of the NTR district and encompasses an urban agglomeration that spans across NTR, Krishna, and Guntur districts.

Vijayawada lies on the banks of the Krishna river surrounded by the hills of the Eastern Ghats, known as the Indrakeeladri Hills. It geographically lies on the centre spot of Andhra Pradesh. The city has been described as the commercial, political, cultural and educational capital of Andhra Pradesh It is the second largest city in Andhra Pradesh It is one of the fastest growing urban areas in India and among the top 10 fastest growing cities in the world according to Oxford Economics report.

Vijayawada is considered to be a sacred place due to it being home to one of the most visited and famous temples in Andhra Pradesh and India, the Kanaka Durga Temple of the Hindu Goddess Durga residing on the Indrakeeladri hill. It also serves as the ritual host of Pushkaram (a river worshipping ritual in India) of the River Krishna. There is a legend which says that Arjuna, one of the heroes of the Indian epic Mahabharata, prayed on top of the Indrakeeladri Hill in the city and won the blessings of the Lord Shiva to get the Pashupatastra to win the Kurukshetra War. It was called Vijayavatika (meaning Land of Victory in Telugu) when Goddess Durga killed the demon Mahishasura and rested on the Indrakeeladri Hill by the River Krishna establishing the victory over evil hence the place got its name Vijayavatika, "Vijaya" meaning victory, and "Vatika" meaning place or land in Telugu. Over the years the name of Vijayavatika changed to Rajendra Chola Pura during the Chola Dynasty and Bezawada during British rule and eventually to Vijayawada.

The city is the third most densely populated urban built-up area in the world. and is classified as a Y-grade city by the Sixth Central Pay Commission. The city is the second most populous in the state with a population of more than one million. It was recognised as a "Global City of the Future" by McKinsey Quarterly, which expected an increase to GDP of $17 billion by 2025. In October 2018, it was awarded with ISO 37120 platinum level certification and has been added to the "Global Cities Registry".

Due to the presence of several well-known educational institutions, the city has emerged as a major educational hub in recent times, with many of the nation's students studying in the city. It is predicted to be the world's, and India's, tenth fastest growing city economy through 2035 by an Oxford Economics report. Due to its high ratings in entertainment, construction, food, education, health care, and transport, it is ranked as India's ninth most livable city as per Ease of Living Index 2018, and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs and the second most livable city in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

The Vijayawada Junction railway station is one of the busiest in the country. It stands as the tenth busiest railway junction in the country.

History Bezawada (as Vijayawada was known then) was founded around 626 A.D. by Paricchedi Kings. Vijayawada history reveals that Bezawada (Vijayawada) was ruled by King Madhava Varma (one of the kings of Vishnukundina dynasty). Chinese Buddhist scholar Xuanzang stayed a few years in Bezawada (Vijayawada) in around 640 A.D. to copy and study the Abhidhamma Pitaka, the last of the three pitakas (Pali for baskets) constituting the Pali canon, the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism.

Mogalrajapuram hills have five rock-cut temples, built during the fourth–ninth centuries. Some of the caves can be attributed to Vishnukundina dynasty. Akkana Madanna Caves, at the foot of Indrakeeladri Hill, is a monument of national importance.

At the foot of Indrakeeladri hills is the temple of Malleswara. The temple has inscriptions dating back to ninth century AD to 16th century AD by various kings. There are ten pillars and a mutilated slab (recognised as monuments by Archaeological Survey of India) with inscriptions in the Telugu language. Of them, the inscriptions issued by Yudhamalla I and II of Eastern Chalukyas are important.

In the early 16th century, during the reign of Qutb Shahi dynasty (also known as Golconda Sultanate), diamond mines were found near Vijayawada on the banks of Krishna River.

Geography Vijayawada lies on the banks of Krishna river, covered by hills and canals. and at an altitude of 11 m (36 ft) above sea level. Three canals originating from the north side of the Prakasam Barrage reservoir — Eluru, Bandar, and Ryves — flow through the city.

Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India 
<b>Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India</b>
Image: IM3847

Vijayawada was ranked #557 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Vijayawada has a population of over 1,034,358 people. Vijayawada also forms the centre of the wider NTR District which has a population of over 2,218,591 people. It is also a part of the larger Andhra Pradesh State. Vijayawada is ranked #566 for startups with a score of 0.302.

To set up a UBI Lab for Vijayawada see: Twitter:

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Vijayawada has links with:

🇮🇩 Jakarta, Indonesia 🇺🇸 Modesto, USA
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | Nomad | StartupBlink

Antipodal to Vijayawada is: -99.344,-16.5

Locations Near: Vijayawada 80.656,16.4998

🇮🇳 Mangalagiri 80.565,16.438 d: 12  

🇮🇳 Amaravati 80.517,16.513 d: 14.9  

🇮🇳 Thenali 80.645,16.239 d: 29  

🇮🇳 Guntur 80.443,16.295 d: 32.2  

🇮🇳 Nandigama 80.3,16.783 d: 49.3  

🇮🇳 Machilipatnam 81.13,16.17 d: 62.5  

🇮🇳 Chirala 80.357,15.828 d: 81.2  

🇮🇳 Bhimavaram 81.523,16.543 d: 92.6  

🇮🇳 Khammam 80.151,17.247 d: 99  

🇮🇳 Narasapuram 81.702,16.436 d: 111.7  

Antipodal to: Vijayawada -99.344,-16.5

🇵🇪 Sechura -80.817,-5.55 d: 17657.9  

🇵🇪 Talara -81.267,-4.567 d: 17638.2  

🇵🇪 Chiclayo -79.844,-6.764 d: 17634.3  

🇵🇪 Piura -80.633,-5.2 d: 17619.8  

🇵🇪 Trujillo -79.034,-8.103 d: 17621.7  

🇵🇪 Chimbote -78.583,-9.067 d: 17619.2  

🇵🇪 Máncora -81.05,-4.1 d: 17588.5  

🇵🇪 Callao -77.15,-12.067 d: 17574.8  

🇵🇪 Ancón -77.15,-11.733 d: 17565.5  

🇵🇪 Miraflores -77.033,-12.117 d: 17563.9  

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