Veliko Tarnovo (Велико Търново) is a town in north central Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Veliko Tarnovo Province. Often referred as the "City of the Tsars", Veliko Tarnovo is located on the Yantra River and is famously known as the historical capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire, attracting many tourists with its unique architecture. Veliko Tarnovo is an important administrative, economic, educational, and cultural centre of Northern Bulgaria.
The old part of the town is situated on three hills, Tsarevets, Trapezitsa, and Sveta Gora, rising amidst the meanders of the Yantra. On Tsarevets are the palaces of the Bulgarian emperors and the Patriarchate, the Patriarchal Cathedral, and also a number of administrative and residential edifices surrounded by thick walls. Trapezitsa is known for its many churches and as the former main residence of the nobility. During the Middle Ages, the town was among the main European centres of culture and gave its name to the architecture of the Tarnovo Artistic School, painting of the Tarnovo Artistic School, and to literature.
The city is separated to 4 Industrial zones: Central, North, South and West. Veliko Tarnovo is the biggest producer of plastic bags in Bulgaria. The main brewery in the city is Bolyarka AD and is located in the Central industrial zone. The Pepsi soft drinks plant in the Central industrial zone produces drinks for Bulgaria and for export to the Balkans.
Veliko Tǎrnovo has a population of over 68,859 people. Veliko Tǎrnovo also forms part of the wider Veliko Tǎrnovo metropolitan area which has a population of over 87,181 people.
Veliko Tarnovo is twinned with: Vagharshapat, Armenia • Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan • Xi'an, China • Asti, Italy • Ferrara, Italy • Bayonne, France • Bitola, North Macedonia • Cetinje, Montenegro • Colonia Tovar, Venezuela • Iaşi, Romania • Kraków, Poland • Niš, Serbia • Ohrid, North Macedonia • Maebashi, Japan • Poltava, Ukraine • Serres, Greece • Tarxien, Malta • Zadar, Croatia • Opava, Czech Republic • Toledo, Spain • Tver, Russia • Al-Karak, Jordan.