Várzea Alegre, Ceará, Northeast Region, Brazil

History | Geography : Hydrography | Culture

🇧🇷 Várzea Alegre is a municipality in the state of Ceará in the Northeast region of Brazil. Its area is 835.706 km², including the Calabaça (pumpkin), Canindezinho, Ibicatu, Naraniú and Lagoa Verde (green lagoon) districts.


History There is little information on the early settlement of Várzea Alegre. Pioneer explorers of the region saw the valley on the dangerous walk towards Cariri and named it Várzea Alegre after the floodplain or lowland where the city is located. It is one of the few cities in Ceará that has never changed its name. On October 10, 1870, Provincial Law No. 1.329 established the municipality.

Várzea Alegre was separated from Lavras da Mangabeira, previously part of Cedro, in November 1863. The city's assets consisted of a patch of land, donated by Major Joaquim Alves Bezerra, his wife and others, on October 19. The local parish was established on November 30, 1863. According to tradition, the church of São Raimundo Nonato was built by the sons of Raimundo Bezerra, known as "Father Raymond".

Várzea Alegre is known as the "Land of Contrasts". Those contrasts have inspired songs like Luiz Gonzaga's "Contrastes de Várzea Alegre", with lyrics by the composer José Clementino.


Geography Located 290 miles from Fortaleza, Várzea Alegre has an area of 81,120 km² and a population of 40,903. Annual income per capita is R$325.85, the 79th highest in the state. The high concentration of wealth is such that more than half the population must survive on a monthly income of less than half the minimum wage. The municipality has a population density of 42.95 inhabitants per km². Urbanization is 55.30% (19,268 inhabitants in the urban area) and increasing.

Natural resources include soil, water and vegetation favoring agricultural development, but the city has never had a policy of land recovery and constantly finds itself plagued by drought, forcing people to seek survival in urban areas.

The climate of Várzea Alegre is semi-arid and does not vary greatly. The average temperature is 27 °C and average annual rainfall is 965.3 mm. The rainy season generally begins in January and continues until June. Drought sometimes occurs.


Geography: Hydrography The main streams are the Machado, São Miguel, and the Riacho do Meio (Middle Creek) and its tributaries the Mocotó, Caiana, Feijão and Umari dos Carlos, irrigating the entire territory and serving as natural boundaries between Cedro and Lavras da Mangabeira.

The following water sources serve the municipality: • Main dams: Caraíbas, Riacho Verde, Lagoa Seca, Vacaria, Mameluco, Brejo, Olho D'água and Ubaldinho. • Main reservoirs: Fortuna and Cachoeira Dantas. • Main lagoons: Lagoa de São Raimundo, Lagoa de Iputi, Lagoa dos Nunes, Lagoa de Dentro.


Culture The main cultural events are: • Várzea Alegre Carnival • Holy Week • Festas Juninas (June) • São Raimundo Nonato Week (August) • Week of the Municipality (October) • Christmas of Peace (December).


Várzea Alegre has a population of over 40,903 people. Várzea Alegre also forms the centre of the wider Várzea Alegre District which has a population of over 100,445 people. It is also a part of the larger Centro-Sul Cearense Region.

To set up a UBI Lab for Várzea Alegre see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Várzea Alegre has links with:

🇧🇷 São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Várzea Alegre is: 140.704,6.789

Locations Near: Várzea Alegre -39.2958,-6.78889

🇧🇷 Juazeiro do Norte -39.333,-7.2 d: 45.9  

🇧🇷 Iguatu -39.297,-6.362 d: 47.5  

🇧🇷 Crato -39.4,-7.233 d: 50.7  

🇧🇷 Cariri -39.733,-7.183 d: 65.2  

🇧🇷 Santana do Cariri -39.733,-7.183 d: 65.2  

🇧🇷 Pau dos Ferros -38.206,-6.112 d: 142  

🇧🇷 Serra Talhada -38.295,-7.99 d: 173.3  

🇧🇷 Quixeramobim -39.283,-5.2 d: 176.7  

🇧🇷 Quixadá -39.013,-4.969 d: 204.8  

🇧🇷 Patos -37.267,-7.017 d: 225.4  

Antipodal to: Várzea Alegre 140.704,6.789

🇵🇼 Ngerulmud 134.627,7.487 d: 19340.1  

🇬🇺 Hagåtña 144.746,13.467 d: 19150.9  

🇬🇺 Tamuning 144.767,13.483 d: 19148.1  

🇬🇺 Dededo 144.836,13.515 d: 19141.2  

🇮🇩 Jayapura 140.72,-2.529 d: 18979  

🇲🇵 Saipan 145.753,15.189 d: 18930.9  

🇮🇩 Manokwari 134.083,-0.867 d: 18890.6  

🇮🇩 Sorong 131.293,-0.867 d: 18667.8  

🇵🇬 Mount Hagen 144.22,-5.865 d: 18555  

🇵🇭 Bislig 126.32,8.214 d: 18421.5  

Bing Map

Option 1