Uxbridge is a suburban town in West London and the administrative headquarters of the London Borough of Hillingdon. Situated 15.4 miles (24.8 km) west-north-west of Central London, it is one of the major metropolitan centres identified in the London Plan. Uxbridge historically formed part of the parish of Hillingdon in the county of Middlesex, and was a significant local commercial centre from an early time. As part of the suburban growth of London in the 20th century it expanded and increased in population, becoming a municipal borough in 1955, and has formed part of Greater London since 1965.
Today the town serves as a significant retail and commercial centre; it is also considered as a university town as it houses Brunel University London as well as the Uxbridge campus of Buckinghamshire New University. The town is close to the boundary with Buckinghamshire, which is locally the River Colne.
Uxbridge overall includes Harefield, Ickenham, Hillingdon, Newyears Green and Cowley; altogether are represented by six electoral wards that are used for the election of councillors to Hillingdon Council and for statistical purposes.
Uxbridge has 112,175 square metres of total town centre floor-space. Uxbridge has two shopping centres, The Pavilions and The Chimes (formerly Intu Uxbridge). Much of the town centre is pedestrianised. Just off the High Street is Windsor Street, a short street with older shops. A notable landmark on Vine Street is Randalls, the Grade II listed Art Deco style former department store.
The town centre consists of retail outlets and a number of office buildings, including the main UK and European offices of international companies such as Coca-Cola European Partners, Cadbury, Xerox, General Mills, F. Hinds, PAREXEL, Arri, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Monster Energy, APL, Herbalife Europe. Other employers include NetApp, Anixter International, PricewaterhouseCoopers, WMS Gaming, IBB Solicitors and Nexen.
Within the borough of Hillingdon, 55.1% of residents travel to the Uxbridge North and Uxbridge South wards to work, and only 8% of residents working there also live within the wards. Uxbridge ranked 9th in terms of retail expenditure in Greater London at £311 million.
Uxbridge has a population of over 70,560 people. Uxbridge also forms part of the Greater London metropolitan area which has a population of over 14,372,596 people.