Ufa is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Bashkortostan in Russia, and is considered to be the industrial, economic, scientific and cultural centre of the republic. The city is considered to have been founded in 1574, when a fortress was built on the site of the city by order of Ivan the Terrible.
Today, Ufa's economy consists primarily of the oil refining, chemistry, and mechanical engineering industries; the petroleum company Bashneft and several of its subsidiaries are headquartered in Ufa. Ufa is an ethnically diverse city, home to a substantial number of ethnic Bashkirs and Tatars, with an ethnic Russian majority population. A number of educational institutions are located in Ufa, including Bashkir State University, Ufa State Aviation Technical University, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, and Ural State Law University. The city hosted separate summits of the BRICS group as well as the Shanghai Co-operation Organisation in 2015.
Ufa was ranked #219 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Ufa has a population of over 1,121,429 people.