Taiyuan is the capital and largest city of Shanxi Province, People's Republic of China. It is one of the main manufacturing bases of China. Throughout its long history, Taiyuan was the capital or provisional capital of many dynasties in China, hence the name Lóngchéng. Taiyuan is located roughly in the centre of Shanxi, with the Fen River flowing through the central city. Taiyuan is also a major city, appearing among the top 500 cities in the world by scientific research outputs, as tracked by the Nature Index and home to Taiyuan University of Technology, one of the key universities in China and other public universities including Shanxi University and North University of China.
Taiyuan's economy has shown consistent growth in recent years. In 2018, Taiyuan's GDP was worth 388.450 billion Yuan. Disposable income per capita was reported to be 31,031 Yuan in 2018. In 2015, Taiyuan imported 4,085.130 million USD worth of goods, and exported 6,592.250 million USD worth. Taiyuan's primary, secondary, and tertiary industries were worth 3.9 billion yuan, 105.2 billion yuan, and 132.2 billion yuan respectively in 2007. Shanxi produces a quarter of China's coal, and Taiyuan is the location of the China Taiyuan Coal Transaction Center, which began trading in 2012.
Taiyuan is rated Gamma - by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) which evaluates and ranks the relationships between world cities in the context of globalisation. Gamma level cities are cities that link smaller economic regions into the world economy.
Taiyuan was ranked #914 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Taiyuan has a population of over 3,709,700 people. Taiyuan also forms part of the wider Taiyuan metropolitan area which has a population of over 4,202,000 people.