Tabriz, East Azarbaijan Province, Iran

Economy | Industries | Handcrafts ateliers | Retail | Tabriz International Exhibition Center | Universities

🇮🇷 Tabriz (تبریز) is a city in north-western Iran, serving as the capital of East Azerbaijan Province. It is the fifth-most-populous city in Iran. In the Quru River valley in Iran's historic Azerbaijan region between long ridges of volcanic cones in the Sahand and Eynali mountains, Tabriz's elevation ranges between 1,350 and 1,600 metres (4,430 and 5,250 ft) above sea level. The valley opens up into a plain that gently slopes down to the eastern shores of Lake Urmia, 60 km (37 miles) to the west. With cold winters and temperate summers, Tabriz is considered a summer resort. It was named World Carpet Weaving City by the World Crafts Council in October 2015 and Exemplary Tourist City of 2018 by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

With a population of over 1.7 million (2016), Tabriz is the largest economic hub and metropolitan area in north-west Iran. The population is overwhelmingly Azerbaijani who speak the Azerbaijani language, though Persian is spoken by residents as a second language. Tabriz is a major heavy industries hub for automobiles, machine tools, refineries, petrochemicals, textiles and cement production industries. The city is famous for its handicrafts, including hand-woven rugs and jewellery. Local confectionery, chocolate, dried nuts and traditional Tabrizi food are recognised throughout Iran as some of the best. Tabriz is also an academic hub and a site for some of the most prestigious cultural institutes in Northwest Iran.

Tabriz contains many historical monuments, representing Iran's architectural transition throughout its deep history. Most of Tabriz's preserved historical sites belong to Ilkhanid, Safavid and Qajar. Among these sites is the grand Bazaar of Tabriz, which is designated a World Heritage Site. From the early modern era, Tabriz was pivotal in the development, movement and economy of its three neighbouring regions; namely the Caucasus, Eastern Anatolia and Central Iran. In modern era city played a vital role in the history of Iran. As the country's closest hub to Europe, many aspects of early modernisation in Iran began in Tabriz. Prior to forced ceding of the Qajar dynasty's Caucasian territories to Imperial Russia, following two Russo-Persian Wars in the first half of the 19th century, Tabriz was at the forefront of Iranian rule over its Caucasian territories. Until 1925, the city was the traditional residence of the Qajar crown princes.


Economy Tabriz is the largest economic centre in Northwest Iran. The economy of Tabriz is based on commerce, services, health care and pharmaceutical, small and heavy industries, and handcrafts. Tabriz is the main site for four of Iran's Fortune 100 companies including: ITMCO, Palaz Moket, Kashi Tabriz, Shirin Asal, Aydin.


Industries Modern industries in Tabriz established since early 20 century by match manufacturing industries. Currently manufacturing industries in the city include manufacturing of machinery, vehicles, chemicals and petrochemical materials, refinery, cement, electrical and electronic equipment, home appliances, textiles and leather, nutrition and dairy, woodcraft, and pharmaceuticals.

There are hundreds of industrial complexes in Tabriz's industrial area. Among them is the Iran Tractor Manufacturing Co (ITMCO) which is one of the biggest industrial complexes in the region. This complex alone has the highest foundry and forging capacity in the Middle East and it is the biggest tractor manufacturer in Iran with several production branches within Iran and other countries. Behind ITMCO there are several other industrial complexes including Mashin Sazi Tabriz Co, Iran Diesel Engine Manufacturing Co (IDEM), Pump Iran, Tabriz Petrochemical Complex, Tabriz Oil Refinery and a couple of industrial regions which include hundreds of small industries.

Tabriz is also a site for abundant food and some of the most famous chocolate factories in Iran which honoured the city as the Chocolate City of Iran. This includes Dadash and Baradar Industrial Co. with the brand mark of Aidin, Soniz which is one of the biggest factories of its kind in the region. A vast portion of the city's population is involved in small businesses like shoemaking ateliers, stone-cutting, furniture ateliers, confectionery, printing and dry nuts.


Handcrafts ateliers Due to its distinct handicrafts and carpets Tabriz is selected as the world city of crafts and carpet. Tabriz is the main centre for the production of the famous Iranian Rugs. The distinctive durability of Tabriz's carpets and its unique designs made it a famous brand in the world's carpet markets. Tabrizi rugs and carpets usually have ivory backgrounds with blue, rose, and indigo motifs. They often feature symmetrical and balanced designs. They usually have a single medallion that is surrounded by vines and palmettos. One of the main quality characteristics of Tabriz rugs is the weaving style, using specialities that guarantee the durability of the rug in comparison for example with Kashan rugs.

Other than carpets, the city is famous for several other handicrafts including silverwares, wood engraving, pottery and ceramics, Ghalamzani (Irania style of toreutics), Moarraq (Iranian style of Mosaic), Monabbat, embroider.


Retail Shopping centres are mostly located in the city centre, including Grand Bazaar of Tabriz, pedestrian malls on Tarbiyat street, Shahnaz street and Ferdowsi street. Also, there are some malls and a lot of elegant & luxurious boutiques of jewellery, rugs, clothes, handicrafts, confectionery and nuts, home appliances and so on in the Abresan intersection, Roshdiyeh district and Kouy Valiasr.

The special feature of Tabriz's malls is that most of them are designated to a particular order, such as home appliances, jewelry, shoes, clothes, wedding ceremonies, ladies/babies/men specialties, leather products, handicrafts, agricultural products, computers, electronic components, industrial equipment, piping equipment, chemical materials, agricultural machines, stationery, books, rugs, construction stuff and others.

Likewise, there are seasonal/occasional shopping fairs opened mainly in the Tabriz International Exhibition Center.


Tabriz International Exhibition Center Tabriz International Exhibition Center which is located in the eastern part of the city holds tens of exhibitions based on yearly schedule. The most famous fair is TEXPO which is a general trade fair. Established in 1992, it usually holds exhibitions around August 4–9 every year. Schools and libraries


Universities Tabriz is the site for 14 of Iran's most prominent universities and higher education institutes. Established in 1947, University of Tabriz is the most prestigious university in north-western Iran. University of Tabriz is also considered one of five mother universities in the country which works as the regional hub of science for the region. Besides University of Tabriz, there are several other public universities, operating in the city and its suburbs. Among them the famous ones are: • Tabriz University of Medical Sciences has departments from various medical and paramedical branches. This University was part of University of Tabriz until the early 1980s. • Sahand University of Technology is established in 1989 and have majored in different fields of Engineering and Technology related sciences. • Azarbaijan University of Tarbiat Moallem is established in 1987. Azerbaijan University is a general university. Its main campus is located based in Azarshahr county. • Tabriz Islamic Arts University is a public university established in 1997. • the Payam-e Noor University of Tabriz, is part of Payame Noor University network of the remote educational university.

There are couple of private universities and higher educational institutes serving student as well, including: Islamic Azad University of Tabriz, Daneshvaran Higher Education Institute, Seraj Higher Education Institute, University College of Nabi Akram, Khajeh Rashid University.

There are few technical colleges, which serve the students as well: Elmi-Karbordi University of Tabriz, Tabriz College of Technology, Roshdiyeh Higher Education Institute of Tabriz, Jahad Daneshgahi (ACECR) Higher Education Institute (East Azerbaijan Branch), Alzahra College of Technology, State Organization of Technical and Vocational Training.

There are a couple of research centres supported by Iranian government in the city including: East Azerbaijan Park of Science & Technology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tabriz.

Furthermore, a couple of Iranian universities have branches in Tabriz, including: Imam Hossein University, Shahid Beheshti Training Teacher Center of Tabriz.

Tehran Time 
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Image: Adobe Stock Baharlou #368499010

Tabriz was ranked #863 by the Nomad List which evaluates and ranks remote work hubs by cost, internet, fun and safety. Tabriz has a population of over 1,558,693 people. Tabriz also forms part of the wider East Azarbaijan Province which has a population of over 3,909,652 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Tabriz see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Tabriz has links with:

🇹🇷 Bağcılar, Turkey 🇹🇷 Esenyurt, Turkey 🇵🇰 Faisalabad, Pakistan 🇦🇿 Ganja, Azerbaijan 🇵🇸 Gaza City, Palestine 🇹🇷 Istanbul, Turkey 🇷🇺 Kazan, Russia 🇹🇯 Khujand, Tajikistan 🇧🇾 Mogilev, Belarus 🇨🇳 Wuhan, China 🇭🇷 Zagreb, Croatia
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | Nomad

Antipodal to Tabriz is: -133.719,-38.077

Locations Near: Tabriz 46.2811,38.0769

🇮🇷 Maragheh 46.233,37.383 d: 77.2  

🇮🇷 Bonāb 46.05,37.333 d: 85.1  

🇦🇲 Kapan 46.402,39.198 d: 125.1  

🇮🇷 Urmia 45.067,37.533 d: 122.6  

🇮🇷 Khoy 44.95,38.55 d: 127.5  

🇦🇿 Nakhchivan 45.4,39.2 d: 146.5  

🇦🇿 Berdzor 46.533,39.633 d: 174.4  

🇦🇿 Füzuli 47.133,39.6 d: 184.7  

🇦🇿 Stepanakert 46.752,39.812 d: 197.2  

🇦🇿 Sharur 44.967,39.533 d: 198  

Antipodal to: Tabriz -133.719,-38.077

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 17259.4  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 15522.5  

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 15629.7  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 15405.1  

🇨🇱 Valdivia -73.233,-39.8 d: 14882.9  

🇨🇱 Coronel -73.217,-37.017 d: 14778.3  

🇨🇱 Talcahuano -73.117,-36.717 d: 14758.1  

🇨🇱 San Pedro de la Paz -73.1,-36.833 d: 14761.4  

🇨🇱 Osorno -73.133,-40.567 d: 14901  

🇨🇱 Concepción -73.05,-36.817 d: 14756.5  

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