Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Berlin, Germany

History | Demographics | Landmarks | Gymnasiums | Locations for science

🇩🇪 Steglitz-Zehlendorf is the sixth borough of Berlin, formed in Berlin's 2001 administrative reform by merging the former boroughs of Steglitz and Zehlendorf.

Home to the Free University of Berlin, the Berlin Botanical Garden, and a variety of museums and art collections, Steglitz-Zehlendorf is an important hub for research, science and culture in Berlin. It is known to be the wealthiest borough of Berlin, having the city's highest median household income.

History The first mention of a present-day locality in the district by name was Lankwitz (Lancewitz) in 1239. It is assumed that Slavic and German settlements were established at the Schlachtensee and Krumme Lanke lakes after 1200 at the latest. The first documented mention of Zehlendorf (then Cedelendorp) dates back to 1242. Here the Lehnin Abbey bought the settlement and kept it until 1542. Frederick the Great donated a church to the village in 1768 during a stopover on the journey from the Berlin Palace to the Sanssouci Palace. The settlement was located halfway between the two places, which gave the village an economic boost through its function as a relay station. Steglitz also originated in the first half of the 13th century as a Linear settlement. At the end of this century the wooden church was replaced with the village church Steglitz. It stood until the 19th century, when it was replaced by Matthew's Church.

Today's double district is still characterized by connecting infrastructure between Berlin and Potsdam. For example, the first section of the Reichsstraße 1 was routed through Steglitz and Zehlendorf (paved in 1792). In 1838, the Stammbahn was opened parallel to this. This development of the suburbs led to a strong growth of the settlements. Steglitz became the largest rural municipality in Prussia around 1900 with 80,000 inhabitants. The former districts of Steglitz and Zehlendorf were formed in 1920 during the formation of Greater Berlin from previously independent rural communities and estate districts of the Teltow district. The entire area of the present district belonged to the American Sector of Berlin after the Second World War from 1945 to 1990, together with the districts of Tempelhof, Schöneberg, Neukölln and Kreuzberg. In 2001, the two formerly independent districts were merged to form the district of Steglitz-Zehlendorf as part of Berlin's administrative reform. In December 2020, the new Locality Schlachtensee was founded on the initiative of local residents.

Demographics As of 2021, Steglitz-Zehlendorf had a population of roughly 306 000, making it the fifth most populous out of Berlin's twelve boroughs. The median age was 46,5, the highest of all Berlin boroughs. 28,8% of Steglitz-Zehlendorf residents had a migration background, lying under the Berlin average of 36%.

Steglitz-Zehlendorf has the highest number of Abitur (secondary education degree) graduates in Berlin. The borough also has the highest median household income and the lowest unemployment rate in Berlin. With 15% of Steglitz-Zehlendorf households making more than 200% of the German national median income, it is the wealthiest Berlin borough.

Landmarks • The Bierpinsel (literally: "Beer Brush"), a 1970s style tower in Steglitz • The Botanical Garden in Lichterfelde West • The Lichterfelde West Villenkolonie – exclusive residential area from 1860 with tree lined and cobbled streets • Glienicke Palace • Glienicke Hunting Lodge • The Philological Library at the Free University of Berlin in Dahlem, by Norman Foster • Prussian Privy State Archives in Dahlem • The Wannsee: lake, villa (site of the notorious Wannsee Conference), and lido • Liebermann Villa, former residence of the painter Max Liebermann, today a museum for his art at the Wannsee • Pfaueninsel (Peacock Island), with the same named castle in the Wannsee • Berlin Mexikoplatz station, Art Nouveau railway station in Zehlendorf.

Gymnasiums • Arndt-Gymnasium Dahlem in Dahlem • Beethoven-Gymnasium in Lankwitz • Dreilinden-Gymnasium in Nikolassee • Droste-Hülshoff-Schule in Zehlendorf • Fichtenberg-Oberschule in Steglitz • Goethe-Gymnasium in Lichterfelde • Gymnasium Steglitz in Steglitz • Hermann-Ehlers-Gymnasium in Steglitz • Königin-Luise-Stiftung in Dahlem • Lilienthal-Gymnasium in Lichterfelde • Paulsen-Gymnasium in Steglitz • Schadow-Gymnasium in Zehlendorf • Werner-von-Siemens-Gymnasium in Nikolassee • Willi-Graf-Gymnasium in Lichterfelde • Freie Schule Anne-Sophie Berlin in Zehlendorf

Locations for science • American Academy in Berlin • Biologische Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft • Centre for Modern Oriental Studies • Charité – Campus Benjamin Franklin • German Federal Archives - branch office Berlin: central archive of the German Reich and the GDR • Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing • Freie Universität Berlin (Free University of Berlin) in Dahlem ◦ Philological Library of Freie Universität Berlin ◦ Otto Suhr Institute for Political Science • German Archaeological Institute • Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie • Institute for Museum Research • Japanische Internationale Schule zu Berlin, a Japanese international school, is in the Wannsee community in Steglitz-Zehlendorf. • Krankenhaus Waldfriede • Max Planck Society ◦ Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society ◦ Max Planck Institute for Human Development ◦ Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics ◦ Max Planck Institute for the History of Science • Prussian Privy State Archives • Zuse Institute Berlin.

Image: Adobe Stock william87 #154279436

Steglitz-Zehlendorf has a population of over 308,840 people. Steglitz-Zehlendorf also forms one of the centres of the wider Berlin metropolitan area which has a population of over 5,303,846 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Steglitz-Zehlendorf see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Steglitz-Zehlendorf has links with:

🇩🇪 Bad Godesberg, Germany 🇩🇰 Brøndby, Denmark 🇮🇹 Cassino, Italy 🇩🇪 Hagen, Germany 🇺🇦 Industrialnyi, Ukraine 🇵🇱 Kazimierz Dolny, Poland 🇮🇱 Kiryat Bialik, Israel 🇩🇪 Königs Wusterhausen, Germany 🇩🇪 Lüchow, Germany 🇩🇪 Montabaur, Germany 🇵🇱 Nałęczów, Poland 🇩🇪 Nentershausen, Germany 🇵🇱 Poniatowa, Poland 🇩🇪 Rendsburg, Germany 🇸🇪 Ronneby, Sweden 🇮🇱 Sderot, Israel 🇬🇷 Sochos, Greece 🇰🇷 Songpa, South Korea 🇭🇺 Szilvásvárad, Hungary 🇭🇺 Zugló, Hungary
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Steglitz-Zehlendorf is: -166.75,-52.433

Locations Near: Steglitz-Zehlendorf 13.25,52.4333

🇩🇪 Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf 13.283,52.5 d: 7.8  

🇩🇪 Wilmersdorf 13.315,52.491 d: 7.8  

🇩🇪 Charlottenburg 13.314,52.51 d: 9.6  

🇩🇪 Spandau 13.2,52.533 d: 11.6  

🇩🇪 Tempelhof-Schöneberg 13.383,52.467 d: 9.8  

🇩🇪 Reinickendorf 13.333,52.567 d: 15.9  

🇩🇪 Berlin 13.4,52.517 d: 13.8  

🇩🇪 Mitte 13.404,52.526 d: 14.7  

🇩🇪 Falkensee 13.083,52.55 d: 17.2  

🇩🇪 Potsdam 13.048,52.4 d: 14.2  

Antipodal to: Steglitz-Zehlendorf -166.75,-52.433

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 16459.7  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 15758.1  

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 15854.6  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 15699.9  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 11912.3  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 11819.7  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 11805.4  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 11801.2  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 11801  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 11771  

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