Solingen, Düsseldorf Region, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Geography | Neighbouring cities and communities | City administration | History | Thirty Years' War | Modern Age | Transport : Rail | Trolleybus | Transport : Air | Christianity | Islam | Tourist Industry | Museums | Parks and gardens | American football | Association football | Baseball | Chess | Handball

🇩🇪 Solingen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located some 25 km east of Düsseldorf along the northern edge of the region called Bergisches Land, south of the Ruhr area, and is the second largest city in the Bergisches Land. It is a member of the regional authority of the Rhineland. Solingen is called the "City of Blades", since it has long been renowned for the manufacturing of fine swords, knives, scissors and razors made by famous firms such as WKC, DOVO, Wüsthof, Zwilling J. A. Henckels, Böker, Güde, Hubertus, Diefenthal, Puma, Clauberg, Eickhorn, Linder, Carl Schmidt Sohn, Dreiturm, Herder, and numerous other manufacturers.

In medieval times, the sword-smiths of Solingen designed the town's coat of arms, which continues to the present. In the latter part of the 17th century, a group of sword-smiths from Solingen broke their guild oaths by taking their sword-making secrets with them to 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Shotley Bridge, County Durham in England.


Geography Solingen lies south-west of Wuppertal in the Bergisches Land. The city has an area of 89.45 square km (34.54 sq mi), of which roughly 50% is used for agriculture, horticulture, or forestry. The city's border is 62 km (39 mi) long, and the city's dimensions are 15.6 km (9.7 mi) east to west and 11.7 km (7.3 mi) north to south. The Wupper river, a right tributary of the Rhine, flows through the city for 26 km (16 mi). The city's highest point at 276 metres (906 ft) is in the northern borough of Gräfrath at the Light Tower, previously the water tower, and the lowest point at 53 metres (174 ft) is in the southwest.


Neighbouring cities and communities The following cities and communities share a border with Solingen, starting in the north-east and going clockwise around the city: • Wuppertal (unitary urban district) • Remscheid (unitary urban district) • Wermelskirchen (within the Rheinisch-Bergischer district) • Leichlingen (Rheinisch-Bergischer district) • Langenfeld (within the district of Mettmann) • Hilden (Mettmann) • Haan (Mettmann)


City administration Solingen currently consists of five boroughs. Each borough has a municipal council of either 13 or 15 representatives (Bezirksvertreter) elected every five years by the borough's population. The municipal councils are responsible for many of the boroughs' important administrative affairs.

The five city boroughs: • Gräfrath • Wald (Solingen) • (Solingen-) Mitte • Ohligs/Aufderhöhe/Merscheid • Höhscheid/Burg

The individuals boroughs are in part composed of separate quarters or residential areas with their own names, although they often lack precise borders. These areas are: Aufderhöhe: Aufderbech, Börkhaus, Gosse, Horn, Holzhof, Josefstal, Landwehr, Löhdorf, Pohligsfeld, Riefnacken, Rupelrath, Siebels, Steinendorf, Ufer, Wiefeldick

Burg: Angerscheid, Höhrath

Gräfrath: Central, Flachsberg, Flockertsholz, Focher Dahl, Fürkeltrath, Heide, Ketzberg, Külf, Nümmen, Piepersberg, Rathland, Schieten, Zum Holz

Höhscheid: Balkhausen, Bünkenberg, Dorperhof, Friedrichstal, Fürkelt, Glüder, Grünewald, Haasenmühle, Hästen, Katternberg, Kohlsberg, Meiswinkel, Nacken, Pfaffenberg, Pilghausen, Rölscheid, Rüden, Schaberg, Schlicken, Unnersberg, Weeg, Widdert, Wippe

Merscheid: Büschberg, Dahl, Dingshaus, Fürk, Fürker Irlen, Gönrath, Hübben, Hoffnung, Limminghofen, Scheuren, Schmalzgrube

Mitte: Entenpfuhl, Eick, Grunenburg, Hasseldelle, Kannenhof, Kohlfurth, Krahenhöhe, Mangenberg, Meigen, Müngsten, Papiermühle, Scheidt, Schlagbaum, Schrodtberg, Stöcken, Stockdum, Theegarten, Vorspel, Windfeln

Ohligs: Brabant, Broßhaus, Buschfeld, Caspersbroich, Deusberg, Engelsberger Hof, Hackhausen, Keusenhof, Mankhaus, Maubes, Monhofer Feld, Poschheide, Scharrenberg, Schnittert, Suppenheide, Unterland, Wilzhaus, Verlach

Wald: Bavert, Demmeltrath, Eschbach, Eigen, Fuhr, Garzenhaus, Itter, Kotzert, Lochbachtal, Rolsberg, Vogelsang, Weyer


History Solingen was first mentioned in 1067 by a chronicler who called the area "Solonchon". Early variations of the name included "Solengen", "Solungen", and "Soleggen", although the modern name seems to have been in use since the late 14th and early 15th centuries.

Blacksmiths' smelters, dating back over 2000 years, have been found around the town, adding to Solingen's fame as a Northern Europe blacksmith centre. Swords from Solingen have turned up in places such as the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in the British Isles. Northern Europe prized the quality of Solingen's manufactured weaponry, and they were traded across the European continent. Solingen today remains the knife-centre of Germany.

It was a tiny village for centuries, but became a fortified town in the 15th century.


Thirty Years' War After being ravaged by the plague with about 1,800 deaths in 1614–1619, Solingen was heavily fought-over during the Thirty Years' War, repeatedly attacked and plundered, and the Burg Castle was destroyed.


Modern Age In 1929, Ohligs located in the Prussian Rhine Province, 17 miles (27 km) by rail north of Cologne became part of Solingen. Its chief manufactures were cutlery and hardware, and there were iron-foundries and flour mills. Other industries were brewing, dyeing, weaving and brick-making.

In World War II, the Old Town was completely destroyed by a bombing raid by the RAF in 1944; 1,800 people died and over 1,500 people were injured. As such, there are few pre-war sites in the centre.

From 1945 to 1949 Solingen was part of the British occupation zone. Reconstruction of the old town began in 1949. The newly built Protestant church in Fronhof was consecrated in 1954, and the destroyed towers of the Catholic church of St. Clemens were rebuilt in a different style. By the end of the 1970s, the city's population had increased due to numerous new housing developments in all parts of the city. The city's infrastructure continued to grow, with the opening of the theatre and concert hall in 1963 and the construction of the Viehbachtalstraße motorway through the city in the late 1970s. In 1975, the city grew again with the incorporation of the previously independent town of Burg an der Wupper. In 1993, Solingen made international headlines for a right-wing extremist arson attack in which five Turkish girls and women were killed. The attack was followed by demonstrations and riots in the city.

Since the beginning of the new millennium, the Klingenstadt has undergone a massive transformation as a result of urban development projects such as Regionale 2006 and City 2013. For example, the new Korkenzieherstrasse cycle path was created and the demolition of the Turmhotel and the former Karstadt Passage made it possible to build a new shopping centre on Neumarkt in Solingen-Mitte. After the closure of the old central station in Solingen-Mitte, Ohligs station was officially named the new Solingen central station by Deutsche Bahn AG on 10 December 2006.


Transport: Rail Solingen Hauptbahnhof is served by Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn line S1 from Düsseldorf and Düsseldorf Airport Station. S-Bahn line S7 links Solingen (including the station nearest the city centre, Solingen Mitte, and Solingen-Grünewald) to Wuppertal via Remscheid, Remscheid-Lennep and Wuppertal-Ronsdorf. This line has been operated by Abellio Deutschland since 15 Dec. 2013. The Rhein-Wupper-Bahn (RB 48) runs over the Gruiten–Köln-Deutz line to Bonn-Mehlem via Opladen and Cologne. It has been operated by National Express as of 13 Dec. 2015.


Trolleybus Solingen has a trolleybus network, one of only three in Germany remaining besides Eberswalde and Esslingen am Neckar.


Transport: Air The nearest airports are Düsseldorf Airport and Cologne Bonn Airport. Both airports can be reached by train from Solingen-Hauptbahnhof (change trains at Köln Messe/Deutz station for the S-Bahn 13 to Cologne Bonn Airport). Other easily reached airports are Frankfurt Airport (ICE train stop), Dortmund Airport (railway station "Holzwickede" on the RE7 trainline) and the low cost Weeze Airport (coaches from Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof).


Christianity Solingen has belonged from its beginnings to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cologne (Erzbistum Köln), and more specifically to the Archdeaconry of the Probst (provost) of St. Kunibert, the deanery of Deutz. Although the Protestant Reformation gradually made gains in the city, which was under the control of the Counts of Berg, the population by and large remained Roman Catholic for a while. The Catholic community was newly endowed by the local lord in 1658 and in 1701 received a new church building. In 1827 Solingen became the seat of its own deanery within the newly defined Archdiocese of Cologne, to which the city's current parishes still belong.

As mentioned, the Reformation only gradually gained a foothold in Solingen. A reformed church affiliated with the Bergisch synod was established in 1590, and the city's parish church became reformed in 1649. Lutherans had been present in Solingen since the beginning of the 17th century, and a Lutheran congregation was founded in 1635. In 1672 a formalized religious agreement was reached between the city's religious groups. The Reformation was also introduced in Gräfrath in 1590, where a church council was apparently established in 1629. The Reformed and Lutheran churches were formed into a united church community in 1838 following the general merger of Reformed and Lutheran churches in Prussia in 1817.

The Protestant parishes originally belonged to the district synod of Lennep, today part of the city Remscheid. A new synod was established in Solingen in 1843, and the city acquired its own superintendent, a form of church administrator. This formed the basis for the present-day Church District of Solingen, a member of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland. With the exception of the free churches, most Protestant churches belong to the Church District of Solingen.

Today approximately 34% of Solingen's population belongs to Protestant churches, and roughly 26% belong to Catholic churches. Other church communities in Solingen include Greek Orthodox, Evangelical Free (including Baptist and Brethren), Methodist, Seventh-day Adventist, Pentecostal, Salvation Army, and free churches. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses and the New Apostolic Church also have communities in Solingen.


Islam Most of the Turkish immigrants belong to the Muslim faith and they have several mosques/worship places in Solingen: • DITIB Solingen Wald • Mesjid Nur • Islamische Gemeinde Milli Görüs (IGMG) • Islamisches Kulturzentrum • Solingen Camii (Verband der Islamischen Kulturzentren, VIKZ)


Tourist Industry • Burg Castle, the castle of the counts of Berg • Müngsten Bridge, a railway bridge connecting Solingen with the neighbour town of Remscheid. Standing at 107 m above the ground, it is the highest railway bridge in Germany. It was constructed in 1897 and originally named the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke after Wilhelm I • Klosterkirche, former convent church (1690)


Museums • Rhineland Industrial Museum Hendrichs Drop Forge, an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial Heritage • German Blade Museum, presenting swords and cutlery of all epochs • Art Museum Solingen (Museum of Art) • Museum Plagiarius, the Plagiarius exhibition shows more than 350 product units – i.e., original products and their brazen plagiarisms – in direct comparison. The registered society conducts an annual competition that awards the anti-prize "Plagiarius" to those manufacturers and distributors that a jury of peers have found guilty of making or selling "the most flagrant" imitations. • Laurel and Hardy Museum • Zentrum für verfolgte Künste (Center for Persecuted Arts)


Parks and gardens • Botanischer Garten Solingen, a botanical garden • Bärenloch • Walder Stadtpark in Solingen-Wald • Gustav-Coppel-Park • Süd-Park • Brückenpark beneath the Müngsten Bridge


American football The Solingen Paladins  is an American football club which was founded in 2006.


Association football Until its bankruptcy in 1990, SG Union Solingen was the main club, playing at the Stadion am Hermann-Löns-Weg.


Baseball The Solingen Alligators are a baseball and softball club from Solingen. The club was founded in 1991 and the first men's team was promoted to the first division of the Baseball Bundesliga for the 2003 season. It has played there in every season since, winning the league championship in 2006 and 2014. The club claims over 250 members.


Chess The Schachgesellschaft Solingen e.V. 1868 is best known for its chess team, which plays in the Schachbundesliga (Chess Bundesliga), the top tier of the German chess league system, and is the most successful club in German chess history, having won a record 12 national titles (1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1980, 1980/81, 1986/87, 1987/88, 1996/97 and 2015/16), three national cups (1986, 2006 und 2009) and 2 European cups (1976 and 1990).


Handball In handball, Solingen's most successful team is Bergischer HC, playing in the top-tier Handball-Bundesliga which they were promoted to for the second time in 2013, reaching 15th place in the 2013–14 campaign and therefore staying in the top flight for a second consecutive season. BHC originates from a 2006 cooperation between the SG Solingen and rivals LTV Wuppertal from the nearby city of the same name. The club advertises itself as a representative of the entire Bergisches Land region. The team plays its home games at both Solingen's Klingenhalle (2,600 seats) and Wuppertal's Uni-Halle (3,200 seats).

Solingen, Düsseldorf Region, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany 
<b>Solingen, Düsseldorf Region, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany</b>
Image: Hannibal21

Solingen has a population of over 158,726 people. Solingen also forms one of the centres of the wider Düsseldorf Region which has a population of over 5,200,090 people. Solingen is the #268 hipster city in the world, with a hipster score of 2.9289 according to the Hipster Index which evaluates and ranks the major cities of the world according to the number of vegan eateries, coffee shops, tattoo studios, vintage boutiques, and record stores.

To set up a UBI Lab for Solingen see: Twitter:

Twin Towns, Sister Cities Solingen has links with:

🇩🇪 Aue-Bad Schlema, Germany 🇪🇸 Avilés, Spain 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Blyth, England 🇩🇪 Böblingen, Germany 🇫🇷 Chalon-sur-Saône, France 🇩🇪 Detmold, Germany 🇸🇪 Eskilstuna, Sweden 🇸🇪 Gävle, Sweden 🇪🇸 Girona, Spain 🇳🇱 Gouda, Netherlands 🇳🇱 Haarlem, Netherlands 🇸🇪 Halmstad, Sweden 🇧🇪 Hasselt, Belgium 🇳🇮 Jinotega, Nicaragua 🇫🇮 Jyväskylä, Finland 🇪🇸 Manresa, Spain 🇮🇱 Nes Ziyyona, Israel 🇮🇱 Ness Ziona, Israel 🇮🇹 Reggio Emilia, Italy 🇧🇪 Roeselare, Belgium 🇪🇸 Sabadell, Spain 🇳🇱 Schiedam, Netherlands 🇩🇪 Sindelfingen, Germany 🇸🇳 Thiès, Senegal 🇩🇪 Ulm, Germany 🇸🇪 Varberg, Sweden
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license | Hipster Index

Antipodal to Solingen is: -172.913,-51.172

Locations Near: Solingen 7.08675,51.1722

🇩🇪 Remscheid 7.193,51.179 d: 7.5  

🇩🇪 Mettmann 6.967,51.25 d: 12  

🇩🇪 Langenfeld 6.954,51.112 d: 11.5  

🇩🇪 Wuppertal 7.201,51.272 d: 13.6  

🇩🇪 Hilden 6.933,51.167 d: 10.7  

🇩🇪 Velbert 7.043,51.34 d: 19  

🇩🇪 Leverkusen 6.982,51.033 d: 17.1  

🇩🇪 Bergisch Gladbach 7.134,50.992 d: 20.3  

🇩🇪 Hattingen 7.183,51.383 d: 24.4  

🇩🇪 Cologne 6.958,50.939 d: 27.5  

Antipodal to: Solingen -172.913,-51.172

🇹🇴 Nuku'alofa -175.216,-21.136 d: 16669.2  

🇦🇸 Pago Pago -170.701,-14.279 d: 15908  

🇼🇸 Apia -171.76,-13.833 d: 15861.8  

🇵🇫 Papeete -149.566,-17.537 d: 15744.6  

🇺🇸 Hilo -155.089,19.725 d: 11941.6  

🇺🇸 Maui -156.446,20.72 d: 11860.4  

🇺🇸 Maui County -156.617,20.868 d: 11847.6  

🇺🇸 Wailuku -156.505,20.894 d: 11842.6  

🇺🇸 Kahului -156.466,20.891 d: 11842.1  

🇺🇸 Honolulu -157.85,21.3 d: 11822.9  

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