Sibiu is a city in Transylvania, a historical region of Romania. Located some 275 km (171 mi) north-west of Bucharest, the city straddles the Cibin River, a tributary of the river Olt. Now the capital of the Sibiu County, between 1692 and 1791 and 1849–65 Sibiu was also the capital of the Principality of Transylvania.
Nicknamed The City with Eyes, the city is a well-known tourist destination for both domestic and foreign visitors. Known for its culture, history, gastronomy and its diverse architecture, which includes its much iconic houses with eyes that gave Sibiu its nickname, the city has been getting much attention since the beginning of the 21st century. In 2004, its historical centre has begun the process of becoming a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Sibiu was designated the European Capital of Culture in 2007. One year later, it was ranked "Europe's 8th most idyllic place to live" by Forbes. Sibiu was named the European Region of Gastronomy. Sibiu will host the European Wandering Capital event in 2021, the most important tourist wandering event in Europe. A European Union summit was hosted by the city in 2019.
Sibiu is also known for its Christmas market. Personalities include Conrad Haas and Hermann Oberth, who were pioneers of rocketry. The company Elrond, which created the eGold crypto-currency (among the biggest in the world), was founded by people from Sibiu.
The city is part of the Sibiu metropolitan area. The city also administers the village of Păltiniș, a ski resort located 35 kilometres to the south.
Historically, Sibiu has been one of the most important centres of the Transylvanian Saxons. It is called Härmeschtat in their own local dialect.
Sibiu is an important economic hub for Romania, with a high rate of foreign investments. It is also an important hub for the manufacturing of automotive components and houses factories belonging to ThyssenKrupp Bilstein-Compa, Takata Corporation, Continental Automotive Systems, Marquardt Group and NTN-SNR ball bearings. Other local industries are machine components, textiles, agro-industry, and electrical components (Siemens). The city also contained Romania's second-largest stock exchange, the Sibiu Stock Exchange which merged with the Bucharest Stock Exchange in 2018.
The main industrial activities of Sibiu take place in two industrial zones located on the outskirts of the city: East industrial zone (East Economic Center), alongside the railway to Brașov and Râmnicu Vâlcea • West industrial zone (West Economic Center), near the exit to Sebeș, close to the Airport.
A commercial zone located in the Șelimbăr commune plays an important role in the economy of Sibiu. It houses a mall and other large retailers.
Another factor that plays an important role in the economy of the city is tourism, which has been increasing at a steady rate since 2007.
Sibiu has twinning agreements with: Bauru, Brazil, • Butuan, Philippines, • Columbia, Missouri, USA, • Deventer, Netherlands, • Klagenfurt, Austria, • Landshut, Germany, • Marburg, Germany, • Mechelen, Belgium, • Rennes, France, • Valencia, Venezuela, • Wirral, United Kingdom, • Takayama, Gifu, Japan, • Durham, North Carolina, United States.
Consulates The following countries have consulates in Sibiu: Germany – Consulate-General • Austria – Honorary consulate • Luxembourg – Honorary consulate • Malta – Honorary consulate
Sibiu has a population of over 169,056 people. Sibiu also forms part of the wider Sibiu metropolitan area which has a population of over 267,170 people.