Shihezi, Xinjiang, China

History | Administrative divisions | Economy | Geography | Education | Transport

🇨🇳 Shihezi is a sub-prefecture-level city in Northern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. The city is also home to Shihezi University, the second-largest comprehensive university under the Project 211 in Xinjiang.

In 1951, General Wang Zhen decided to build a new base for the People's Liberation Army and selected the location of current Shihezi. Zhao Xiguang (赵锡光) took charge in the development of the city, and established the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps in 1954.

Quasimilitary-structured farms surrounding Shihezi fueled the development of the city by producing materials for the factories that have been the economic drivers of the city. In 1974, Shihezi became a city.

Shihezi is located at the northern foothills of the middle part of the Tian Shan range approximately 136 km (85 mi) from the regional capital of Ürümqi.

Although Shihezi is almost surrounded on the east, west and north by the Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture (which also includes the city's eastern neighbour, the much older historically Hui town of Manas), it is not a part of it.

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History In 1951, General Wang Zhen decided to build a new base for the People's Liberation Army and selected the location of current Shihezi. Zhao Xiguang (赵锡光) took charge in the development of the city, and established the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps in 1954.

Quasimilitary-structured farms surrounding Shihezi fueled the development of the city by producing materials for the factories that have been the economic drivers of the city. In 1974, Shihezi became a city.

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Administrative divisions Shihezi contains 5 subdistricts, 2 towns, and a township-equivalent region: Subdistricts: Xincheng Subdistrict, 新城街道 Xīnchéng Jiēdào يېڭىشەھەر كوچا باشقارمىسى‎ Yëngisheher kocha bashqarmisi; Xiangyang Subdistrict, 向阳街道 Xiàngyáng Jiēdào شياڭياڭ كوچا باشقارمىسى‎ Shyangyang kocha bashqarmisi; Hongshan Subdistrict, 红山街道 Hóngshān Jiēdào خۇڭشەن كوچا باشقارمىسى‎ Xungshen kocha bashqarmisi; Laojie Subdistrict, 老街街道 Lǎojiē Jiēdào كونا بازار كوچا باشقارمىسى‎ Kona Bazar kocha bashqarmisi; Dongcheng Subdistrict, 东城街道 Dōngchéng Jiēdào دۇڭچېڭ كوچا باشقارمىسى‎ Dungchëng kocha bashqarmisi; Towns: Beiquan Town, (Shihezi Headquarters Farm of the 8th Division)* 北泉镇, (第八师石河子总场) Běiquán Zhèn بېيچۇەن بازىرى‎ Bëychuen baziri; Shihezi Town, 石河子镇 Shíhézǐ Zhèn شىخەنزە بازىرى‎ Shixenze baziri; township-equivalent region: 152nd Regiment Farm, 一五二团 152 Tuán 152-تۇەن‎ 152-tuen;

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Economy Nowadays textile and food industries are the most important in Shihezi. The railway to Wusu and Ürümqi skirts the city, while a United Nations economic development project provided a high-quality highway system for the city. The textile industry is the primary employer, although the international trade environment on textiles has brought in fluctuations in employment. As a hub to surrounding farms, the city's destiny is currently tied with theirs. Sugar beets are cultivated near Shihezi. Cultivation of cotton in the farms was accelerated in the 1990s and now dominates the economy.

Shihezi is also home to a polysilicon factory of Daqo New Energy Corp., one of the largest polysilicon producers in the world.

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Geography Shihezi is located at the northern foothills of the middle part of the Tian Shan range approximately 136 km (85 mi) from the regional capital of Ürümqi.

Although Shihezi is almost surrounded on the east, west and north by the Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture (which also includes the city's eastern neighbor, the much older historically Hui town of Manas), it is not a part of it.

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Education[edit] Shihezi University is located in Shihezi. It is the second-largest university in Xinjiang, with approximately 40,000 students.

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Transport Shihezi is served by China National Highway 312, the Northern Xinjiang and the Second Ürümqi-Jinghe Railways. Reconstruction of the Shihezi Huayuan Airport began in May 2012 and it reopened on 26 December 2015.

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Urumqi Time 
Urumqi Time
Image: Y Chen

Shihezi has a population of over 640,000 people. Shihezi also forms part of the wider Xinjiang Region which has a population of over 25,890,000 people.

To set up a UBI Lab for Shihezi see: https://www.ubilabnetwork.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/UBILabNetwork

Twin Towns - Sister Cities Shihezi has links with:

🇵🇰 Multan, Pakistan
Text Atribution: Wikipedia Text under CC-BY-SA license

Antipodal to Shihezi is: -93.92,-44.305

Locations Near: Shihezi 86.0804,44.3054

🇨🇳 Changji 87.267,44.014 d: 100.1  

🇨🇳 Ürümqi 87.6,43.817 d: 133  

🇨🇳 Karamay 84.889,45.58 d: 169.9  

🇨🇳 Turpan 89.19,42.951 d: 292  

🇨🇳 Tacheng 82.987,46.752 d: 363.3  

🇨🇳 Bole 82.051,44.854 d: 324.8  

🇨🇳 Altay 88.132,47.827 d: 422.3  

🇲🇳 Ölgii 89.967,48.967 d: 597  

🇰🇿 Ust-Kamenogorsk 82.617,49.983 d: 683.3  

🇰🇿 Oskemen 82.571,49.989 d: 685.3  

Antipodal to: Shihezi -93.92,-44.305

🇨🇱 Osorno -73.133,-40.567 d: 18264.5  

🇨🇱 Valdivia -73.233,-39.8 d: 18240.6  

🇨🇱 Port Montt -72.933,-41.467 d: 18281.4  

🇨🇱 Puerto Montt -72.933,-41.467 d: 18281.4  

🇨🇱 Coyhaique -72.067,-45.567 d: 18294.6  

🇨🇱 Coronel -73.217,-37.017 d: 18097  

🇨🇱 Temuco -72.667,-38.733 d: 18146.8  

🇨🇱 San Pedro de la Paz -73.1,-36.833 d: 18077.5  

🇨🇱 Talcahuano -73.117,-36.717 d: 18071.9  

🇨🇱 Chiguayante -73.017,-36.917 d: 18076.1  

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